The Second World War was the largest in human history with the most casualties Promoted by the fascist countries headed by Germany, Italy and Japan, the war spread across the world. About 61 countries were involved in the war. This world war, which lasted for about 6 years, left many famous battles, and it is worthy of people's thinking today! Today I will take everyone to learn about one of the most tragic battles on the Pacific battlefield in World War II-the Battle of Iwo Jima!
Japanese attackAfter Pearl Harbor in the United States, the Taiping Battle of World War II was triggered. In order to be able to bomb the mainland of Japan, the United States began to invade and occupy islands near Japan. Focused on Iwo Jima, which is closer to Japan. The island has an area of only 20 square kilometers, but it is only 650 nautical miles from the mainland of Japan. Its geographical location is very important. Therefore, it is very important for the Japanese to defend Iwo Jima. With nearly 70,000 troops in the US, Japan has only 23,000 defensive troops. Even so, the crazy Japanese held on for 36 days, making the US military more casualties than the Japanese. serious! How did the Japanese do it?
Although the battle of Iwo Jima was a major strategic victory for the United States, it was also a painful lesson. The US military has heavy artillery and ships, but the casualty rate is higher than that of the Japanese. This reason is mainly due to the command of the head of the regiment Kuribayashi Tadao. When the emperor refused to surrender, Kuribayashi Tadao took over the defense of Iwo Jima. In order to desperately resist the attack of the U.S. army, to buy a little more breathing time for the base camp, this was destined to be a life-and-death massacre. Once Iwo Jima is lost, U.S. bombers will become frequent visitors to the Tokyo base camp, so Kuribayashi must fight back!
During the previous US battles, Japan Have adopted the traditional tactics of defending the island, trying toThey have been wiped out in the sea before, but in the face of advanced US military weapons, this tactic has ended in failure. Therefore, Tadato Kuribayashi boldly adopted a new strategy, adopting a non-resistance method when the U.S. forces rushed to the beach, until the vanguard of the U.S. military entered the land 500 meters before launching a counterattack, using concealed fortifications to kill the U.S. military's combat power at close range. Japan built a large number of underground fortifications, concentrated firepower to the foot of Mount Orbachi on Iwo Jima, and covered the beach. The entire Zhebo Mountain was almost hollowed out by Japan, and the underground defense tunnels are very dense. The US military has paid a painful price for every step forward!
Originally, the United States planned to capture this small projectile in 5 days Island, but under the command of Tadaichi Kuribayashi, the Japanese army held on to 36day. At that time, the Japanese army had no supplies, reinforcements, and cooperation from the navy and air force. It had run out of ammunition and food, and even had eaten up food. The Japanese army was hungry, gnawing bark, drinking sea water, urine, and even corrosive sulfur water. Just refuse to surrender. On March 26, 1945, Tadato Kuribayashi organized the last more than 300 Japanese troops and launched a suicide attack on the US military in the middle of the night, causing heavy losses to the US military. The angry US military launched an encirclement and suppression against the last Japanese army. Finally, Kuribayashi Tadao committed suicide by caesarean in the cave!
23,000 Japanese troops in this battle, except for 1,083 Captured, all the others were killed. The US casualties are about 28,000, which is more than the Japanese casualties.many. This was also the only battle in which the US had more casualties than the Japanese army after the US declared war on Japan. It was this casualty that caused the United States to have doubts about landing in Japan, fearing that the Japanese would resist again. In the end, the United States decided to directly launch an atomic bomb against Japan!