Recently, the Russian Navy’s "Beifeng-A" class nuclear submarine A set of new pictures was exposed online. This is the photo of the first type 955A submarine "Vladimir Grand Duke" at the end of 2018 during the sea trial. At that time, the northern waters were very cold, dark clouds and mist shrouded, and the 20,000-ton behemoth showed coldness and murderousness. The black boat was covered with frost, and the crew in the orange immersion suit looked very small.
The "God of the North Wind" grade code is955 type, 10 ships are currently planned to be built, and the first three basic types have been in service. Starting from the No. 4 boat, the "Vladimir Grand Duke", it was improved to the 955A type. Compared with the 955 basic model, the 955A has improved internal equipment, and added some sensors and new communication and command equipment; the appearance of the water hole and the fairing of the hull have changed. However, the overall performance is still basically the same, using a pressurized water reactor and a steam turbine, single-shaft propulsion, the maximum speed of up to 29 knots, even more than many surface anti-submarine ships.
The Type 955 strategic nuclear submarine is the latest submarine of the Russian Navy , Is the only newly developed and built in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union, with a displacement of more than 1Ten thousand tons of military ships. The surface warships of the Russian Navy can be decommissioned early due to lack of money, abandoned and withered, but nuclear submarines must not be abandoned. Underwater strategic nuclear deterrence is the foundation of Russia. The development of the 955 strategic nuclear submarine has accumulated a lot of resources and energy, which is of great significance.
"North Wind God" class strategic nuclear submarine is equipped with 16 missile launchers, built-in 16 R-30 "round hammer" (RSM-56 "Blava") submarine-launched strategic ballistic missiles, with a range of more than 8000 kilometers, can be loaded with 6 sub-guided nuclear warheads, the circular probability error is only At 60 meters, nuclear strikes were launched against strategic targets such as large enemy cities, nuclear bomb silos, and bomber bases. R-30 rising speedIt is extremely fast, far surpassing ordinary ballistic missiles, and possesses mid-range maneuverability, which is sufficient to break through the interception of the US military’s existing anti-missile system. Therefore, it is a very important part of Russia’s strategic nuclear deterrence against the US.
The "North Wind God" class strategic nuclear submarine also has Six 533mm torpedo tubes can launch various heavy torpedoes and SS-N-15 missiles, and even SA-N-8 short-range point air defense missiles, which are used to counter enemy anti-submarine aircraft. It embodies the essence of Russia's technology in shock absorption and silence in the past two decades, laying a sound-absorbing layer more than 11 cm thick, and all power components are installed on shock-absorbing supports; it also absorbs the power reliability of nuclear submarines in the Soviet era. , Safety and life-saving experienceExperience lessons, equipped with advanced life-saving breathing system and escape cabin.
Photo of "Beifeng" class submarine, background China is a larger "Typhoon" class strategic nuclear submarine (24,000 tons). Although Russia has made every effort in the development and equipment of the "North Wind God" class nuclear submarine, many technical problems have occurred with the boat. For example, the R-30 "Round Hammer" missile performed very poorly in test launches. Ten of the 24 launches failed, and the reliability of the last few launches has gradually stabilized. In contrast, the US "Trident" D5 missile has been successfully tested 137 times since 1990, and its range and reliability are above the "Hammer".
Although there were many problems in the early days of service, the Russian Navy still did not give up, but redoubled its efforts to improve. After all, "North Wind The "God"-class strategic nuclear submarine is the backbone of Russia’s underwater strategic nuclear deter Never stop updating nuclear submarines. This is the last glory of the Russian Navy.