How does appearance shape character?

2020-08-03 05:03:11 0 Comment 329 views
abstract

There seems to be an indisputable fact. The so-called men and women with good looks and figures are indeed more likely to have sex than men and women

How does appearance shape character?

Leviathan's press: There seems to be an indisputable fact, the so-called Those men and women with good looks and figures are indeed more likely to have an amorous encounter than those with ordinary looks. This inclination of sexual strategy seems to be related to its personality and temperament. Imagine that in the course of evolution, strong individuals tend to be more aggressive, while weak and diseased individuals need to be vigilant and sensitive at all times. This seems to make sense from the perspective of adaptive strategies.

Text/Christian Jarrett

Translated/Sha 椤双鼠

Proofreading/Chopping

Original/www.bbc.com/ future/story/20190619-how-your-looks-shape-your-personality

This article is based on the Creative Commons Agreement (BY-NC), and was published by Sharon and Rats in Leviathan

The article is only the author’s point of view and does not necessarily represent Leviathan’s position

In the 1990s, I went to elementary school in a boarding school. This place provides a perfect miniature universe for everyone interested in the application of the "survival of the fittest" law in the human world. In a boarding house with more than 50 noisy boys, all of us have to adopt various strategies to avoid isolation or bullying. These tactics are varied, the common ones include forming small groups, selling cheap batteries and becoming popular (my strategy is based on deterrence, mainly to establish myself as a karate master).

At this time, a small group of boys whose body size is larger than average is an exception: the "outstanding" body shape means that they have little to worry about. So, of course these guys are confident and arrogant-their confident, outgoing personality seems to be a reflection of their physique.

Is the physical fitness and personality traits of these boys accidentally related, or is the former shaping the latter? One theory is that it is indeed the physique that shapes the character. The theory called "facultative personality calibration" (facultative personality calibration) believes that the way humans develop their character will best adapt to our innate genetic performance, such as our size, strength, and appearance.

Currently, evidence supporting the theory of facultative personality calibration is constantly emerging—andAnd the evidence appears not only in how a person's appearance affects personality traits, but also in the way we find the other half and our political beliefs. (It is worth noting that this theory is still in the experimental stage, because the data at this stage is mainly related rather than causal, and sometimes even inconsistent. In addition, these results actually have other explanations, such as our personality traits shaping our own physique.)

(www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352250X15002092?via=ihub)

Take an extroverted personality as an example. This trait not only means being more social, but also more lovingTake risks and be more willing to take risks. In the course of evolution, it is indeed a meaningful strategy for people with stronger physiques and higher physical fitness to develop their physical strengths by becoming more extroverted.

How does appearance shape character?

Source: Getty Images

And this is the result of some research findings. Recently, a study conducted by the University of Göttingen in Germany reported that in an experiment with more than 200 men, those with better physical fitness and physique showed "male beauty" (features include stronger and wider Pectoralis and biceps) men tend to be more outgoing,This is especially true from the perspective of self-confidence and decisiveness and energy. There is no similar connection between physical strength and outgoing personality in similar studies on women.

(www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1090513817303550?via=ihub)

Other studies have found that men with higher physical fitness tend to It is also more aggressive and less sensitive (in other words, less fear and anxiety). If you consider personality as an adaptive strategy, then this result also makes sense. If your physical fitness is relatively poor, then always alert and beware of potential dangers are likely to extend your life. However, if your physical fitness is relatively high, you can take more risks.

(www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886917301927)

Behavioral ecologists studying animals have also put forward similar interesting ideas. These researchers have noticed that the "character" of animals (whether they are used to be bold or timid) also changes with changes in their physical state. For example, a study showed that larger jumping spiders behave boldly when facing potential predators.

(academic.oup.com/beheco/article/20/2/318/219759)

How does appearance shape character?

Source: Getty Images

Notable Yes, many human studies that study the link between a strong body and extrovert personality and aggressiveness have focused on men. This is because, according to the theory of evolution, a strong body and fighting ability are more important for men, because they must compete with each other to find a good match. A study by the University of California, Santa Barbara extended the test subjects to males and females, and the result is still the same: There is indeed a connection between a strong body and an outgoing personality, but the connection shown by women is far less than that shown by men. So remarkable.

(journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0146167210397209)

This study also examined the relationship between the subjects’ appearance and personality. In theory, people with better looks are more likely to develop an extroverted personality. The results of the study also confirmed this point, and men and women performed the same on this point. Therefore, it also shows that certain physical-character mechanisms are also applicable to women.

“Current findings indicate that a large number of people’s extrovert personality differences can be predicted by the level of physical fitness and appearance,” these researchers wrote.

How does appearance shape character?

Source: Death Cafe

In addition, their findings cannot be fully used in key genes related to androgen effects (which are likely to affect physical fitness, appearance and personality). Explain the difference. This also confirms the view that certain physique traits can make personality more extroverted, indicating that the connection between physique and personality does not just reflect certain common genetic effects.

The physical traits are not only related to the extroverted personality and sensitive emotions. Other studies have shown that the way you hook up with your partner may also be an adaptive strategy that affects your personality and appearance-even more so if you are a male.

How does appearance shape character?

A still from "American Psycho." Source: Horror Geek Life

For example, Aaron Lukazewisk of Loyola Marymount University ( Aaron Lukaszewsk) and colleagues-including Christina Larson and Kelly Gildersleeve of the University of California-conducted a study involving hundreds of people. The results found that Those men who are stronger (this phenomenon does not apply to women)-divided by weight training test results-and men with higher looks have moreIt’s okay to say bluntly about sex without love, and they are happy to have sex with women who are not intimate.

(www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1090513814000348#bb0230)

Among our male ancestors, those with better body types can Through a large number of random sexual behaviors, we have achieved greater success in the reproduction of offspring, and since then, this sexual strategy has evolved into a response to a strong physical fitness. The previous research results are also consistent with this view. "There is a hypothesis that stronger and more handsome men will have more sexual partners, partly because these men are influenced by their appearance and develop sexual strategies to obtain more unresponsible mating opportunities.The current research results support this hypothesis," the researchers wrote.

So, how big is the connection between appearance and personality? For men, even political views will be affected. In a study published this year, two political scientists published data from 12 countries (including the United States, Denmark, and Venezuela), which showed that stronger and more muscular men are more likely to oppose political equality Doctrine.The reason behind this phenomenon is that in the era when our ancestors lived, this type of male is more likely to live in a society where everyone is one’s own. The relationship between female appearance and political opinions is still inconclusive. Some studies have found that women with better physical fitness will accept egalitarianism to a greater extent, but some studies have reached the opposite conclusion.

(onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/pops.12505)

"Just as physical fitness determines other animals in important areas (such as mating and territorial competition) Like conflicting behaviors, physical fitness seems to shape animal behaviors in the key area of ​​politics," the researchers wrote.

How does appearance shape character?

Source: Design Indaba

We often think that personality and beliefs reflect our own essence-whether it is introverted or extroverted, and it is a flirting expert who cannot be dedicated to death.Is a single-minded and faithful partner, whether it is leftist or rightist. Moreover, we often think that these characteristics are derived from brain structure, moral standards, and even spiritual beliefs.

These aspects of ourselves reflect, or at least partially reflect, an adaptive strategy commensurate with our physique and appearance-this view is still controversial. However, like what happened in the boarding house full of naughty boys, this theory at least humbly reminds us that there is actually an animal nature in humans.

How does appearance shape character?

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