Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

2020-08-02 14:30:11 0 Comment 974 views
abstract

Liu Bowen, known as the "first adviser of the Ming Dynasty" among the people, is even more common among many people who put him on the same page as Zh

Liu Bowen, known as the "first adviser of the Ming Dynasty" among the people, is even more common in many people's appearance with Zhuge, who believes that Zhugeliang can contribute to Liu Bei's three-thirds of the world and expand Liu Bei from the development of selling straw shoes to Cao Cao and Sun Quan divided the world, but Zhu Yuanzhang, who Liu Bowen could help common people, dominate the world, which shows Liu Bowen's status. However, after success, Zhu Yuanzhang appointed the heroes to the ranks, why did he put Bowen Liu on the last? What is Bowen Liu's attitude toward this?

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

On January 23, 1368 AD (January 4th of the Wushen Year in the Lunar Calendar), Zhu Yuanzhang became the emperor in Yingtian and changed the Yuan Hongwu. Announcing the establishment of Daming Kingdom. The third day after enthroned, the first year of HongwuOn the 6th, Zhu Yuanzhang feasted the officials at Fengtian Hall, re-appointing officials. Liu Ji and Zhang Yi were appointed as Yushi Zhongcheng on October 9th of the previous year. Zhu Yuanzhang did not change their official positions, but reiterated their previous orders.

Among them, Zhu Yuanzhang gave Liu Ji Yushi Zhongcheng's "Yushi Zhongchenggao", which greatly commended Liu Ji for his contributions. In the text, there are discourses like "Liu Ji has a good knowledge of nature and humanity, and has both civil and military resources. His spirit is upright, and his talent is magnificent. In the moment of discussion, he has traveled through the ages; in the hustle and bustle, he controls one side."

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

In addition, Song Lian wrote to Zhang Yi, included in " There is also a note in the "Yu Shi Zhong Cheng Zhang Gong Shinto Monument" in Volume Four of The Complete Works of Song Wen Xian Gong: Shang Ai Gong (Zhang Yi) is very, taste andGongji Liu Jun (Liu Ji) said: "Mr. Er is in the middle of his life, he is afraid of frost and dew, he is good at self-defense, and it is not advisable to go to the court early. '" It can be seen that Zhu Yuanzhang respects the two Yushi Zhongcheng Liu Ji and Zhang Yi very much.

However, two years later, in November of the third year of Hongwu, he was General Xu Da and Vice General Li Wenzhong, etc. Zhu Yuanzhang was awarded the title of Lord Meritorious from the class outside the Great Wall. This time was much more formal than the one in the first year of Hongwu. There were six people who made the appointment, namely, the Korean father Lee Sun-jang and Shi Lu Si Qianshi; Wei Guogong Xu Da, Shilu 5,000 Shi; Zheng Guo disclosed Chang Mao, son of Chang Yuchun, the son of Pingzhongwu King, Shilu 3,000 Shi; Cao Guogong Li Wenzhong, Shilu 3,000 Shi; Song Guogong Feng Sheng, Shilu 3,000 Shi ;Deng Yu, Lord Weiguo, eats three thousand stones.

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

Among the six people, only Li Shanchang is a civil servant. Twenty-eight people, headed by Tanghe, are all generals. Both the princes and the princes have shilu, and The descendants are hereditary. The two men, namely Wang Guangyang and Liu Ji, are both civil servants. However, they have different food allowances. Wang Guangyang’s food allowance is three hundred and sixty shi, while Liu Ji only has two hundred and forty shi. The difference is 120 shi. Compared with Li Shanchang’s 4,000 shi, Liu Ji’s Shilu 240 shi is farther away, and his descendants are not hereditary. However, Zhu Yuanzhang’s "Book of Immortals" for Liu Ji and Hong Wu The tone of the first year's "Yushi Zhong Chenggao" is also much worse.

The article only mentions one sentence in general: "I raised the army to Jiangzuo, and the army went to Zhancang, Erji stood up and praised Jinling. "Later generations often feel uneasy for Liu Ji. In the 9th year of Zhengde (1513), the Emperor Wuzong of the Ming Dynasty awarded Liu Ji as the Taishi. There is a sentence in the essay that "the strategist crossing the river is unparalleled, the founding civil servant is the first", why is Zhu Yuanzhang here?Is Liu Ji the last one of the second great seals? Unfair, unfair!

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

While everyone is holding injustices for Liu Ji, they are also sympathizing with Liu Ji's feelings-I guess Liu Ji will definitely be extremely wronged and extremely angry. However, everyone's guess is wrong. Liu Ji is neither aggrieved nor resentful, but contented and grateful to Zhu Yuanzhang. In fact, in the first year of Hongwu, Liu Ji got the "Yushi Zhongcheng" and was appointed as Yushi Zhongcheng less than half a year before being cut back to the people by Zhu Yuanzhang and sent back to his hometown. There are several reasons for this:

First, the emperor Xing Bianliang, Ji and Zuo Prime ministers are good at staying for long. It is said that Song and Yuan Kuan lost the world, and now it is appropriate to Su Ji Gang. There is no way for the imperial history to correct and correct, and the eunuch has had, The law that the crown prince puts on, everyone is afraid of its strictness. Li Bin sits in greed and indulges in crimes in Zhongshu Province, and is good at it. Please stay in prison. Ji didn't listen and played. Report can. Fang Qiyu cuts it. Because of the good and long-lasting.

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

2. At that time, "Beijing did not rain from summer to autumn "There is a prayer for a response." Liu Ji took the opportunity of praying for rain to ask Zhu Yuanzhang a few questions: 1. Zhu Yuanzhang once requested that "the soldiers who died in the battle and the deceased be ordered to live in the widow camp, and they are not allowed to leave the camp. Chuo Ji kept the door outside. The man entered the camp for no reason to ask for crimes." Liu Ji said, "Tens of thousands of military wives died during the battle, and the widows stayed in the camp, and they were gloomy." He demanded that "widows listen to her marry, and those who do not want to return to their relatives. "2, Zhu Yuanzhang hates Zhang Shicheng, nextAll the former leaders of Zhang Shicheng who surrendered were ordered to fill the army, but Liu Ji raised objections, saying that "the leader of Zhang Shicheng's surrender does not fit into the army." 3. The worker died, and the body is not accepted if exposed, and Zhu Yuanzhang is required to "release the Ning family from the worker."

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

Zhu Yuanzhang all complies, but it is still No rain". In his anger, Zhu Yuanzhang gave the order: "Liu Ji returned to the village for the people, and the prince ordered the self-driving boats to be placed on the beams according to the order of the prosecutors. The officials were asked to pardon the crime and return to his post." Returning home in despair and despair, the journey was deserted and miserable. On the way back home, Liu Ji wrote fifty poems of "Lu Xing" in one breath, feeling sad, sad and sad. Back toIn his hometown, Liu Ji was sad, and wrote another song "Sigh of Old Sickness", sighing that he was useless, and the reading was tearing.

Fortunately, the downfall of this time was not long. Only two months later, Zhu Yuanzhang was fully relieved and issued an edict to announce that Liu Ji returned to Beijing and reinstated other officials. After taking the original post, Liu Ji had a very comfortable life from the end of November of the first year of Hongwu to June of the third year of Hongwu. However, starting on June 15th of the third year of Hongwu, Liu Ji fell into a predicament again and fundamentally shaken his position in the court.

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

Originally, I went to Yingchang (now Keshik, Inner Mongolia) Northwest of Tengqi) Li Wenzhong, the left deputy general who was in the north of the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty, returns to the victory: Yuan Shun Emperor An Huan postedMu'er had died in Yingchang, and the heir of Yuan loved You to know Li Dala and abandoned Yingchang. On the same day, the 53rd record of Volume 53 of "Ming Taizu Records": "Hundred officials served the Tianmen, heard that the Yuan Lord was killed, and then he came to congratulate him." Zhu Yuanzhang himself also said with joy: "The Yuan Lord has been on the throne for more than 30 years. So it came to this.” However, in the warm atmosphere of the courtier’s increase in celebration, Zhu Yuanzhang suddenly twisted his eyebrows, glared at Zhishu Shiyu Shi Liu Bing, and said in disgust: "Erben Yuanchen, today’s victory, You should not congratulate him."

Although Zhu Yuanzhang's words were not directly addressed to Liu Ji, everyone turned their attention to Liu Ji. Because Liu Ji was the highest-ranking Zeng Shi Yuanlu in the court at that time. Zhu Yuanzhang turned his head back and ordered the Ministry of Rites to show: Whoever comes to the north and tastes Ren Yuan are not allowed to congratulate him. Two days later, a symposium was held for the ministers to talk earnestly about "loyalty to the emperor". The implication is that those who voted from the Yuan dynasty camp like Liu Ji are all "disloyal" people. Liu JijiThose who are classified as "unfaithful" are no longer in the position of Yushi Zhongcheng.

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

Sure enough, during the third year of Hongwu in July and August, Liu Ki was removed from Yushi Zhongcheng again. If Liu Ji had any grievances about the second removal, just two months later, his grievances were wiped out. Because, in another case, he and similar "unfaithful" people were severely suppressed. This person is Weisu from Linchuan, Jiangxi.

Wei Su, the character is too simple, the classics, has a literary name, he was a short-term official in the Yuan Dynasty, and he was favored by Zhu Yuanzhang after entering the Ming Dynasty. Repair the history of the country. In the following year, he also holds a bachelor's degree in Hongwenguan. Zhu Yuanzhang also ordered him to write the "Emperor Tomb Stele", which can be said to be a relativeBe serious.

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

But it was triggered by the death of Emperor Yuan Shun In this "loyalty" controversy, Wei Su was listed as a person with "infidelity" and was impeached by the supervising Yushi Wang. Zhu Yuanzhang then sent Weisu to Hezhou (now Hexian County, Anhui) to humiliate him with the excuse that "the minister of the country should not be used."

Wei Su was respected as a leader in the literary world at the end of Yuan Dynasty. He participated in the compilation of "Song History" and was an official and political voice. Great scholars such as Song Lian, Gao Qi and Xu Yikui all treated him Admired by Bizhi, I didn't expect to end up like this. Liu Ji was just removed from the court position. Isn’t this situation much better?! And what surprised him even more is that in this winter, he was also given sincerity.It's an Earl of Italy! Therefore, Liu Ji's return to his hometown at the beginning of the fourth year in Hongwu can be regarded as the hometown of honor.

Zhu Yuanzhang knighted a minister, why put Liu Bowen last?

On February 4th, Liu Ji returned to his hometown in Qingtian, Regardless of the hardships on the boat, he was extremely grateful, and he wrote a "Thanksgiving Form" to Zhu Yuanzhang with sincere gratitude, which said, "Provide in the grass and meet Allah, be honored and return to his hometown. This is what everyone wants. The one who wants but cannot get it." Praise "His Majesty Emperor Qinwei, with the posture of a holy god, mentions the people of a journey, Longxing Huaidian, sweeping away the heroes. Within a few years, he settled the Central Plains, and there are four seas. Shenmo Temple Judging, knowing the sacred heart. Since Sun and Yu, there has never been." "The holy virtue is vast, and there is no loss of philanthropy. The ancient Tang Yu merits and doubts are the most important code. The minister returnsThe township is honored and favored for the end of his life."

At the end of "Thanksgiving Form", it says that "Chenji has no responsibility for the eagerness to screen the camp. I would like to express my gratitude and hear it. "

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