Kongchengji is a well-known and widely circulated story of a battle of wits and courage between the Shu Han Zhuge Liang and Cao Wei Sima Yi in the story of the Three Kingdoms. In "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms", during Zhuge Liang's first Northern Expedition, because Ma Di lost the street pavilion, Zhuge Liang had to stage a "empty city plan" drama, and Sima Yi retreated the army. However, Sima Yi is someone who can fight Zhuge Liang after all. Did he really not see that Zhuge Liang was bluffing?
In "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms", because of the different positions, many outstanding talents have joined different camps, and the conflict of interest between different camps is doomed to war Inevitably, in the process, there have been many injusticesHome, such as Zhou Yu and Zhuge Liang, Zhuge Liang and Sima Yi. For Zhuge Liang and Sima Yi, they can be regarded as the most familiar enemies with each other, and this is the result of many confrontations.
However, the world is most familiar with Zhuge Liang and Sima Yi There is no more battle than the "empty city plan". In this battle, Wei sent Sima Yi to lead a mighty army to attack the street pavilion of Shu Kingdom. Zhuge Liang sent Ma Di to garrison, but this person was unbearable for his own use, causing the street pavilion to fall. At this time, Sima Yi took advantage of the victory and pursued Xicheng, Zhuge Liang had to resist Sima Yi's army with very few troops. Zhuge Liang knew that there was no chance of winning if there was a confrontation, so in order to confuse the enemy, he sangThere was an empty plan to open the gate of the city.
Sima Yi fought Zhuge Liang many times, knowing he was A cautious person, who would not do anything uncertain, would have an ambush in the city, so he left with the army. In this way, Zhuge Liang solved the difficulties of Xicheng without any effort.
Because of this incident, Sima Yi left a courageous image to the world, and at the same time, people expected him to be inferior to Zhuge Liang. In fact, Sima Yi is not an incompetent person. After Cao Cao's death, this man made great contributions to the development of the Wei state, and even led his troops to fight the enemy many times and won victory.
When Sima Yi was dying, he indirectly told the descendants of the Sima family why he retired in the "Empty City Plan" The reason. Sima Yi said: "I have been in the Wei Dynasty, and everyone suspects that I have ambitions, and I feel horrified. "The meaning of this sentence is that although Sima Yi spent his life on the battlefield and made a lot of military exploits, he did not have the trust of the Cao family. They often suspected that they were rebellious.
Because of such a suspicion, Sima Yi felt uneasy and frightened day by day, as well as a little bit of cold. This sentence also reflected from the side that although Sima Yi was a high-ranking person in Wei, his life in Wei was not easy.
So, in order to eliminate the king’s suspicion, Sima Yi made a decision-to keep Zhuge Liang in order to prevent the Cao family from killing the donkey. As long as Zhuge Liang If he did not die, then Cao Wei needed Sima Yi and would not attack Sima Yi.
For this reason, Sima Yi knew that Zhuge Liang had no ability to fight back, but for his own selfishness, he finally chose to retreat and return to China. He left an image of his own lack of courage to the world. At the same time, Sima Yi also convinced the Cao family how such a courageous person has a conspiracy to rebel, thus indirectly protecting his own safety.