Yesterday, Disney officially released the first trailer for the animated adaptation of the live-action film "Mulan" during the Women's World Cup finals.
Before this, the film was kept in a highly confidential state from the start to the finalization. Only Liu Yifei's makeup photo and a few set photos were released. As soon as the evening trailer was announced, it quickly made the Weibo hot search list, and netizens were eager to see more of the film.
This 1 minute 30 second trailer containsThe amount of information is huge. It not only unlocked more of Hua Mulan’s makeup and hair styles, revealed Mulan’s birthplace—Fujian, but also showed the audience many important movie scenes such as military camps, battlefields, and gardens, which aroused popularity among netizens. Discussion.
Recall that in 1999, the animated version of "Mulan" was released in China. At that time, Chinese audiences had a Western perspective I feel very curious about the traditional Chinese stories I downloaded. 20 years later, the main force of Chinese audiences has become the post-90s and post-00s. For those who have long been accustomed to listening to Disney’s stories from various countries, they are more concerned about how Disney expresses family affection at the moment. , Feminism and war.
The background of the cartoon "Mulan": Disney's second revival , Sino-US relations are strained
In 1998, Disney put the story of Mulan on the screen-directed by animator Tony Croft and special effects artist Barry Cook, The animated film "Mulan" produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios was released. "Mulan" is Disney's 36th feature-length animated film and the first movie based on a Chinese story.
Disney during the production of "Mulan", right here In its 2D animation film renaissance era.
The golden age of Disney animation is generally considered to be 1950-1966. During that period, Disney adapted classic fairy talesStory-based, "Cinderella", "Alice in Wonderland", "Peter Pan", "Miss and the Gangster", "Sleeping Beauty", "101 Dalmatians", etc A large number of popular animated films have created a dream kingdom.
Until 1966, when Walt Disney, the creative director of Disney, passed away, Disney's course began to be unstable. The first is that the proud animation began to reduce production. The original one in two years has been changed to one in three and four years. After that, several animations such as "The Adventures of Cats" and "Little Heroes in Distress" have received mediocre response. .
As the older generation of Disney animators have reached the age of retirement, it takes a certain period of time for newcomer’s works to enter the market. Many works during this period did not serve Disney brings positive reputation.
Before ushering in the second wave of revival of 2D animation, Disney has been in the shadow of the box office downturn for a long time. As the new director took the stage, the company's concept of long-form animation has also undergone a profound change. On the one hand, the company began to explore in contentMulticulturalism, on the other hand, decided to spread the animation audience from the young age to the whole age.
In 1989, the release of the cartoon "The Little Mermaid" kicked off the Disney revival, and then "Beauty and the Beast" and "The Lion King" received fans one after another Strong response. At this time, Disney began to search for historical folk tales. "Tarzan", "Pocahontas", "Aladdin", "Clan Tower", etc. were all created in this period.
Disney, who is good at drawing milk from fascinating foreign cultures, has not forgotten the ancient and mysterious China. In 1994, Disney set out to produce "Mulan". The animation team began to study Chinese martial arts skills extensively and hired Chinese scholars acted as historical consultants and at the same time sent a group of artists to China for shooting. In the final product, Chinese elements such as ink painting, folk music, and dragons used moving clouds and flowing water. Disney's copy of traditional China was for the audience at the time.It's almost "realistic".
Different from the gentleness and elegance of classical Chinese women, and different from all Disney princesses waiting for the prince to come, Mulan, who jumped from a white paper to the screen, is full of personality and vigorous. , The vitality is very strong. Compared with Esmeralda, a gypsy girl in "Chancellor", the Middle Eastern princess Jasmine in "Aladdin", and Pocahontas Indian princess in "Pocahontas", Mulan is the Disney of this period. The first true heroine.
Although "The Lion King" won a brilliant box office record in China, "Mulan" did not get the expected box office in China. After the release of "Mulan", it reached the global box office At 300 million US dollars, China’s box office contribution was very small. The reason was that the relationship between China and Disney was very tense at the time, because Disney funded a movie about the life of Dalai, and China warned Disney about the possibility of commercial exchanges between the two.Will be affected.
Now that the live-action version of "The Lion King" will be released soon, China and the United States are in the vortex of a trade war, and history is like a cycle.
Animation "Mulan": China from a Western perspective Story
After a one-year postponement, the Chinese version of "Mulan" was finally screened in Chinese theaters.
I first learned that Disney was going to take over the Chinese story, and many Chinese audiencesAt first it was very rejected: "Why are our stories told by the United States?", "How can Americans make good Chinese folk stories?" The public opinion is comparable to witnessing a series of South Korean heritage applications, and wait until this film After actually meeting with Chinese audiences, the emotions of many audiences changed from initial indignation to surprise, and finally to surprise.
In addition to the ubiquitous Chinese elements integrated into the plot, in the version released in the mainland, stars such as Xu Qing, Jackie Chan, Li Jianyi, Chen Peisi participated in the role dubbing, which also added to the film A lot. Especially the Mushu Dragon dubbed by Chen Peisi, which impressed many audiences.
However, "Mulan" is actually a Chinese story told by Westerners. The brief narrative and sonorous short sentences in "Mulan Poetry" give a lot of room for adaptation. Natural Western perspective, long-term experience in the production of Western animation stories, plus theConcerned, Disney's adaptation of "Mulan" naturally bears some Western marks.
For example, the Mushu dragon in the movie is responsible for making fun of treasures, which is a funny supporting role that often appears in Disney animated films. This supporting actor is generally a anthropomorphic animal, following the protagonist's adventures, singing along with the protagonist along the way, and can also play a huge role in critical moments. The little mouse who helps Cinderella make clothes in "Cinderella", the flounder in "The Little Mermaid", and the little monkey in "Aladdin" are basically set in this way.
Mulan, as a classical hero, is handed over to the Chinese. She may be portrayed as a positive and serious figure, gathering "filial piety, loyalty, righteousness and courage" to become a glorious character above her head.
The protagonist Hua Mulan in Disney’s works has a touch of American heroism. SheBeing witty, humorous, courageous and strategic, as a woman, she and Li Xiang still have a relationship line, which gave a lot of inspiration to the TV series "Mulan" filmed in China in the future.
The production of "Mulan" was not Disney’s decision to shoot its head. At that time, the American film industry had ushered in the awakening of female power. "Silent Lambs", "Boys Don't Cry", "Born Murderer" and other Hollywood movies have appeared in emerging female images, they are cool and independent, full of energy.
Ridley Scott’s two films "The End of the Flower" (1991) and "With Me Ambition" (1997) ) At the time, it also caused a lot of repercussions. In "The End of the Flower", two housewives fled the family. All the way north; in "With My Ambition", Demi Moore played aTo join the barracks, a female officer who shaved her head and received standard training for men.
Mulan became a favorite character of many American girls at the time. In 2005, Disney launched a spin-off movie "Mulan 2". However, Disney’s pursuit of victory did not win the box office and reputation as expected and lost With the support of the original, the overhead "Mulan 2" became a Hollywood story dressed in a Chinese coat. The film was not released in mainland China.
On DVD many years later Chinese audiences who saw this version of the Chinese audience knew that there was a second part of the story of "Mulan", which was still a story that did not belong to Chinese at all.
Real peopleVersion of "Mulan": famous guide + famous characters, tailored for Chinese audiences
As another sentiment card played by Disney, the live-action version of " Can "Mulan" eat the Chinese market?
In the first half of this year, two live-action Disney animated films were released on the mainland, namely "Dumbo" and "Aladdin". Although not as good as the "Marvel Universe" that swept the market, compared to some domestic films, these two films can be said to be secretive. Both have won more than 100 million box office in the mainland market-"Dumbo" won At the box office of 147 million, "Aladdin" won an unexpectedly 367 million box office.
Although Disney has repeatedly been criticized for "fried rice" and "fried feelings" in the past two years, the live-action adaptation of the movie can still blow up when it hits the right schedule. Out of a certain bodyAmount of water splash. The reason is that the smart Disney will always choose well-known directors and actors to perform, and in line with the current mainstream values, make the second adaptation of classic movies.
The live-action film "Mulan" is directed by New Zealand female director Nicki Caro. Nicki Kahlo is good at dealing with youth and female subjects. She has directed the movies "Whale Rider" and "McFarlane", and has gained quite a good reputation. In addition, she directed the Hollywood movie "Northern Storm", respectively Charlize Theron and Francis McDomond won two Oscar nominations for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress.
At present, the full cast of "Mulan" has been announced. Liu Yifei plays the protagonist Hua Mulan, the Asian actor An Yousen plays the protagonist Chen Honghui, Gong Li plays the witch, in addition, Donnie Yen, Jet Li, and Peipei Zheng Participate in important roles in the film. I still remember the last oneThe gathering of such a lineup may go back to 2005's "Memoirs of a Geisha".
Chinese story + Chinese actors, how do you think this is a movie tailored for Chinese audiences, Disney’s "Mulan", we are waiting quietly.
Author / Brother Scars
Editor in charge / Ruqian