82 years ago, the main force of the Red Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants was reorganized into the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army. From negotiating the conditions for a united Red Army to resist Japan to the three divisions of the Eighth Route Army marching to the Anti-Japanese Frontier, the difficulties and twists and turns fully reflected the People's Army led by the Communist Party of China. For the sake of national independence and liberation, he devoted himself to the great responsibility of the anti-Japanese war.
After the war of resistance broke out in 1937, August 9th Immediately, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China sent Zhu De, Zhou Enlai, and Ye Jianying to Nanjing to discuss state affairs. On August 12, CCP representatives Zhou Enlai and Zhu De discussed with Nanjing Zhang Chong, Shao Lizi, and Kang Ze the "Declaration on Cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party" drafted by the CCP. Due to the Japanese invasion of China, Chiang Kai-shek was eager to dispatch the Red Army to North China to fight against Japan.During the war, I had to give up some harsh conditions and agreed that the Red Army’s combat mission was to serve as a strategic guerrilla, perform side operations, and assist the Kuomintang army in "harassing and restraining most of the Japanese army and destroying part of it."
On August 18, the Nanjing National Government agreed to reorganize the Red Army into the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army, subdivide 3 divisions, set up a general headquarters, and appointed Zhu De and Peng Dehuai as commanders and deputy commanders. Chiang Kai-shek no longer insisted on sending officers to the Eighth Route Army, and only sent one liaison staff officer to the Eighth Route Army headquarters and three divisions. The long-disputed Red Army reorganization and personnel issues have finally been resolved. On August 22, the Nationalist Government Military Committee officially announced the order for the Red Army to reorganize. On this day, the CPC Central Committee convened an enlarged Politburo meeting in Luochuan.
On the day of the closing of the Luochuan Conference on August 25, Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Central Revolutionary Military Committee of the Communist Party of China, and Vice Chairman Zhu De and Zhou Enlai issued the "Reorganization Order" to the entire army:
Nanjing has begun the war of resistance against Japan, and the cooperation between the KMT and the Communist Party has initially succeeded. In order to realize the guarantee of the Communist Party Central Committee to change the name of the Red Army at the Third Plenary Session of the Kuomintang Central Committee, the Red Army will become a model for the national war against Japan and promote this resistance to become a national anti-Japanese war. In the revolutionary war, in order to win the final and complete victory, based on the results of political negotiations with the Kuomintang and Nanjing, it was announced that the Red Army was renamed the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army. The original command was changed to the commander-in-chief of the Eighth Route Army.
Department, with Zhu De as the commander-in-chief, Peng Dehuai as the deputy commander, Ye Jianying as the chief of staff, and Zuo Quan as the deputy chief of staff.
The General Political Department was changed to the Political Department of the Eighth Route Army, with Ren Bishi as the director and Deng Xiaoping as the deputy. director.
The First Army of the First Army, the 15th Army and the Seventy-Fourth Division were combined into the 115th Division of the Army, with Lin Biao as the commander, Nie Rongzhen as the deputy commander, and Zhou Kun as the chief of staff. Luo Ronghuan is the director of the division's political training department, and Xiao Huahua is the deputy director.
The 27th Army of the Second Front Army, the Independent First and Second Divisions of the 28th Army, and the First Headquarters of the Chishui Guard Battalion were jointly organized into the 120th Division of the Army, with He Long as The division commander, Xiao Ke is the deputy commander, Zhou Shidi is the chief of staff, Guan Xiangying is the director of the Political Training Department, and Gan Siqi is the deputy director.
The 29th Army of the Fourth Front Army, the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Regiments of the 30th Army of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia were reorganized into the 129th Division of the Army, with Liu Bocheng as the commander and Xu Xiangqian as the deputy The division commander, Ni Zhike is the chief of staff, Zhang Hao is the director of the Political Training Department, and Song Renqiong is the deputy director.
After the reorganization of the above departments, the personnel appointed will be the same as before. After the divisions were reorganized into the National Revolutionary Army, they mustStrengthen the leadership of the party, maintain and give play to the glorious tradition of ten years of struggle.
Resolutely implement the orders of the Party Central Committee and the Military Commission to ensure that the Red Army becomes the Communist Party’s army after reorganization, fights for the party’s line and policies, and completes the great mission of the Chinese revolution.
On the same day, the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China also announced the original Red Army in Northern Shaanxi Reorganization order: The former Red Army in northern Shaanxi was incorporated into the three regular divisions of the Eighth Route Army, and part of the troops were drawn from the Red First, Second, and Fourth Front Army to form the Eighth Route Army’s rear general detention office, with Xiao Jinguang as the director, under its jurisdiction 8 garrison regiments and The three-eighth-five brigade and the seven-seventh. The regiment head is responsible for the defense of the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia border area.
On August 25th, the Eighth Route Army Commander Zhu De and Deputy CommanderPeng Dehuai issued a power-on, announcing his inauguration, announcing that the army had been reorganized and was about to advance eastward to kill the enemy. On August 29, the Central Military Commission decided to establish a forward branch. On September 11, the Eighth Route Army was renamed No. 1 in accordance with the unified national battle sequence. The former Red Army soldiers who were reorganized into the Eighth Route Army were ready to go to the front-line Anti-Japanese 18th Group Army.
The headquarters of the Eighth Route Army was the highest authority of the Communist Party of China to direct the guerrilla war in North China during the Anti-Japanese War. It is composed of the Eighth Route Army General Command, the General Political Department, and the logistics system (including the Supply Department, the Ministry of Health, and the Military Depot). The Eighth Route Army Headquarters in Yunyang Town is the first headquarters of the Eighth Route Army. It is located in Wenjia Courtyard, Yunyang Town, Jingyang County, Shaanxi Province. During the Eighth Route Army headquarters stationed in Yunyang, three divisions of the Eighth Route Army were organized to hold anti-Japanese oaths in Yunyang Town, Yongan Village, Zhuangli Town, Fuping County, and Qiaodi Town, Jingyang County.