Three high diseases have become a major disease group in modern times, especially high blood pressure, which is very easy It can cause other diseases, serious heart and brain diseases, and directly threaten the lives of patients. Therefore, when we find that we have high blood pressure, we must not only treat it in time, follow the doctor’s advice, but also live more Note that it is urgent to do some nursing matters.
If you suffer from high blood pressure, there are 2 major care items to keep in mind! Don’t say I didn’t remind you strong>
1. Pay attention to your diet. Patients with high blood pressure can eat like this
1. Limit the intake of salt and fat
As we all know, hypertensive patients should not consume too much sodium, because sodium will induce blood pressure to increase, leading to aggravation of the disease. That is to say, for people who are suffering from and are prone to hypertension, limit salt Intake can reduce the risk of elevated blood pressure. It is recommended to control the intake of salt to no more than 6 grams per day.
In addition, reducing the intake of fatty meat such as bacon and pork belly also helps to control fat consumption. helphelp. It can improve the elasticity and permeability of blood vessels in this population.
2. Quit smoking and alcohol
Whether it is nicotine, propane, tar and other ingredients in tobacco, or alcohol, it may stimulate and excite the central nervous system And sympathetic nerves, speed up the heart rate, but also promote the adrenal gland to release a large amount of hormones, thereby raising blood pressure. Therefore, for people with high blood pressure, it is best to quit smoking and drinking.
3. Be careful with these foods
It is recommended to eat more foods that are rich in potassium and calcium but low in sodium, such as potatoes, eggplants, and kelp , Lettuce, milk, yogurt, dried shrimp, etc. And eat less meat and soups. This is because the increase in nitrogen-containing extracts in the broth can promote the increase of uric acid in the body and increase the burden on the heart, liver, and kidneys.
But it doesn’t mean to completely restrain or eat indulgently.After all, the intake of nutrients such as protein and vitamins is still essential. Therefore, just pay attention to a balanced nutrition and a proper combination.
2. Things to pay attention to in terms of living habits
1. Regular exercise
Regular exercise is not onlyIt can promote blood circulation, reduce cholesterol production, strengthen muscles, and prevent bone and joint stiffness.
Finally, exercise can increase appetite, promote gastrointestinal motility, prevent constipation, and improve sleep. In short, there is no harm in exercising appropriately.
2. Regular work and rest
Early to bed and early to rise can help the body's metabolism and reduce risks. Therefore, it is recommended that everyone try their best to follow a regular life schedule, do not stay up late, and do not often stay in bed.
3. Regularly check blood pressure
For middle-aged and elderly people with unstable blood pressure, you can prepare a blood pressure monitor at home to monitor your blood pressure at any time , And make corresponding adjustments in time. Now you can usually buy blood pressure monitors in pharmacies, and let the staff teach you how to use them. If you find that the blood pressure is different,Communicate with the attending physician in a timely manner.
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