Cholecystitis is a very common gallbladder disease. The attack is often accompanied by pain in the upper right abdomen. Among various causes of cholecystitis, calculous cholecystitis is the most common, and this type of cholecystitis accounts for about 95% of all cases. Acalculous cholecystitis is a less common but usually more severe disease. The treatment methods for the two different types of cholecystitis are naturally different.
Treatment of cholecystitis
AcuteCholecystitis may require hospitalization for treatment, usually for a week, during which treatment measures such as anti-inflammatory fluids need to be taken. Eating and drinking are forbidden to reduce the chance that the gastrointestinal tract stimulates the gallbladder to secrete bile. In addition, surgical treatment is required when necessary. If the cholecystitis is not serious and there are no obvious complications, then you can Transfer to outpatient treatment. However, once the complications of cholecystitis occur, you need to take prompt surgical treatment. There are two surgical treatment methods.
Method 1, laparotomy
This is a very traditional treatment for cholecystitis. Before laparoscopy was invented, most of them needed surgery The patients with cholecystitis treated are treated with this method. This method is relatively expensive and is suitable for cases where cholecystitis has caused abdominal infection.
Method two, laparoscopic surgery
In modern clinics, most of the gallbladders are removed by laparoscopy. By opening three wounds of a few centimeters in the abdomen, the entire gallbladder can be removed. After the operation, the patient recovers quickly and suffers less pain. It is a cure for cholecystitis once and for all.
Diet precautions for patients with cholecystitis
During the treatment of cholecystitis, patients should pay attention to eating and drinking, and ban eating when necessary , Totally rely onExtracorporeal nutrition support, until the condition improves or after surgical treatment, after treatment, patients still have many dietary precautions to pay attention to, such as eating less and light meals at each meal. Here are a few things that people tend to ignore. matter.
1. Three meals at a fixed time and ration
Every day, meals must be taken within an appropriate time. Don’t skip this meal, save it for the next meal. In fact, this is very unhealthy, and it is best for patients with cholecystitis to fix the amount of food that needs to be eaten per meal, not too much, so as not to stimulate the gallbladder activity.
2. Reduce the intake of saturated fatty acids
In our lives, many fats and oils, animal fats contain the most saturated fatty acids, which are easy to convert It is a substance that easily blocks the gallbladder, thereby inducing or aggravating the gallbladderInflammation, the types of oil intake should be based on rich types of vegetable oils.
3. Scientific weight loss
In addition to dietary precautions, we must also avoid excessive weight loss. Sometimes, losing weight too quickly does not Not a good thing, because it will accelerate the formation of gallstones, and weight loss needs to be done gradually.
The above about diet and some methods that can help patients with cholecystitis better treat and recover the body, I hope everyone can remember and master it, usuallyIf you have symptoms similar to cholecystitis, go to the hospital for an examination in time. Don't delay blindly, leading to aggravation of the condition, and finally causing irreparable consequences.
Pei Zhenghao, "Comparison of the effects of laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy in the treatment of acute cholecystitis》,Henan Medical ResearchHenan Medical Research, 2019 12th issue,ISSN: 1004-437X;
Cong Xiaofei, "Guide to Diet and Health for Patients with Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis", Contemporary Nurse (Mid-day Issue) Today Nurse,2018 07 issue,ISSN: 1006-6411.
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