Summer refers to the Lixia, Xiaoman, Mang, Xia solstice, Xiaoshu, and Dashu six seasons before the beginning of autumn.
Suwen·Four atmospheres to adjust the spirit:
Xia Sanyue, this is called Fanxiu, heaven and earth are in harmony, and all things are gorgeous.
Summer diet points
Summer is the most sunny season of the year. The weather is declining, geothermal transpiration, hot climate, abundant rain, and natural creatures compete to grow. Summer focuses on the word "long". Health preservation and health care conform to the characteristics of summer yang, and be careful not to stifle the yang. The main points of food and nutrition are as follows:
Relieving heat and relieving heat
The weather in summer is hot, and the heat is hard to bear. Some people, especially those who are more healthy People who are weak may faint suddenly due to heatstroke, body heat, irritability, nausea and vomiting, profuse sweating (or no sweat), pale complexion, twitching of limbs, closed teeth, or unconsciousness. In addition to preventing heat exposure in the hot sun, paying attention to work and rest, and ensuring sleep, you should drink some heat-clearing and anti-heat products, such as mung bean soup, green tea, sour plum soup, orSweet, cool and juicy fruits and vegetables, such as watermelon, tomatoes, etc., they can not only clear away heat and relieve heat, but also produce body fluid and quench thirst.
At this time, the diet should be sweet and cold, light, and less oily. Reduce the amount of food and eat less greasy to reduce the burden on the spleen and stomach. summerThe seasonal climate is hot, and human digestive functions are weak. If you do not choose your diet at this time, you can eat some foods that are not easy to digest as usual, which will easily cause symptoms such as lack of appetite and abdominal distension after eating. To reduce the amount of meat, eat more vegetables and fruits to reduce the burden on the gastrointestinal tract.
In short, vegetarian dishes are more expensive in summer dishes. Summer is coming, the sun is like a fire, the heat is steaming, people sweat a lot, it is easy to hurt body and gas. Fresh quality foods should be selected for diet and conditioning, easy to digest, and not greasy foods, such as lotus root, carrots, apples, milk, soy milk, yam, millet and other foods, they all have better The effect of invigorating the spleen and stomach, invigorating qi and promoting fluid.
In summer, people’s digestive function will be relatively weakened. In cooking, it is often advisable to use mixing, steaming and braising in summer. , Cooking and other methods. Processing methods such as roasting, frying, and frying are easy to heat up the fire, and they are greasy, which affects appetite, so use less. You can also eat more porridge, which is nourishment and beneficial Digestion and absorption.
The hot weather makes it easy for pathogenic microorganisms to multiply, food is prone to spoilage and spoilage, and gastrointestinal diseases such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common. Therefore, in summer, we must take care of "the disease comes from the mouth", pay attention to food hygiene, do not eat rotten food, and do not drink raw water. When eating fruits and vegetables raw, they must be washed.
It is not suitable for the cold too much
The weather is hot, people sweat a lot and like to eat refreshing drinks. Be careful not to overeat cold drinks (such as soda, popsicles, ice cream, etc.), cold food, or eat a lot of raw and cold vegetables and fruits at once. Especially the elderly with physical weakness, long-term illness, or spleen and stomach deficiency and cold, as well as infants and young children, should eat less or not to avoid damaging the yang qi of the spleen and stomach, leading to loss of appetite and indigestion. Severe cases may occur. Symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, so cold is too harmful and not beneficial.
Xia Yi eats bitterness
Of the five flavors of sweet, sour, bitter, spicy, and salty, the least popular I’m afraid it’s bitter. However, eating bitter food in moderation is not only good for human health, but also good for regulating mood. Chinese medicine believes that bitter foods should be eaten appropriately throughout the year, especially summer.
Summer time is the time when the heart is hot, and people are too hot but the kidney qi is insufficient. Bitter foods can enter the heart meridian and reduce the fire. Bitter taste matches summer, bitter taste can be adjusted in summerYang heat, reduce heart fire, clear summer heat, and have dehumidification and diuretic effects. Modern research shows that bitter food has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, cooling and heat relieving effects, stimulating gastric acid secretion to aid digestion, relaxing blood vessels, relaxing muscles and blood, refreshing the brain, eliminating fatigue, and restoring energy.
The hot summer and hot weather often make people feel bad.Vibration, fatigue, fatigue. Bitter foods, because they sometimes contain small amounts of theobromine and caffeine, can make people feel refreshed, comfortable and relaxed.
In summer, eat some bitter foods appropriately and reasonably, which can not only relieve the bad emotions caused by heat and boredom, and make people recover quickly, but also can relieve the heat and help you spend the summer. . In summer, due to heavy heat and humidity, digestive dysfunctions such as decreased taste, indigestion, loss of appetite, etc. are prone to occur. Since the taste buds of human tongues are very sensitive to bitterness, eating bitter food can stimulate the digestive ability of the spleen and stomach and increase appetite To bring it back to normal.
Many bitter foods are not only rich in nutrition, but also have good therapeutic effects.
Taking bitter gourd as an example, every 500 grams of bitter gourd contains more than ten times more vitamin C than loofah and melon. Containing 0.4 to 0.6 grams of B vitamins, it ranks first among summer melon and solanaceous fruits and vegetables. In addition, bitter melon also contains a variety of amino acids and pectin. The bitterness of bitter melon is due to quinine. Pharmacology has confirmed that quinine can inhibit The over-excited center can produce body fluids to quench thirst, cool and expel heat. Bitter gourd also contains an effective drug for the treatment of diabetes—insulin peptide P, which has a significant hypoglycemic effect.The medical field has listed bitter gourd as the first choice in the "diabetes autumn and summer fruit and vegetable therapy". Recent studies have found that Momordica charantia contains an anti-cancer component-Momordica charantia proteoglycan, which has successfully passed the animal experiment stage and has undergone preliminary clinical trials and is expected to become a good anti-cancer drug.
You have to be cautious when you eat bitterness
First of all, some bitter foods are Toxic. The so-called "bitter food" is because the food contains certain bitter chemical components, and the bitter taste is caused by these chemical components. Some bitter foods contain bitter chemical components that are beneficial to the human body, such as:
● Momordica charantia in bitter gourd can lower blood sugar.
●Apigenin in celery can lower blood pressurePressure effect.
●Alkaloids and polyphenols in tea have refreshing and antioxidant effects.
The above moderate consumption is beneficial to the human body. But some bitter foods contain chemicals that are toxic to the human body. For example:
●The base and roots of immature melons are bitter, and they contain bitter melon toxins that can cause stomach problems.Pain, vomiting, diarrhea, etc., severe cases can be life-threatening. Clinically, there are cases of misunderstanding that the bitter taste of the melon root has the effect of relieving heat and clearing away heat and causing poisoning after eating.
●Bitter almonds contain amygdalin, which can produce hydrocyanic acid after being absorbed by the intestine, which is highly toxic, and a small amount can cause paralysis of the respiratory center and cause death.
Secondly, notAnyone can endure hardship. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that most bitter foods are cold in nature, have the effects of clearing heat and purging fire, drying dampness and laxatives, and belong to the food of clearing heat and purging fire, so it is not recommended for people with weaker physique. Generally speaking, pay attention to the following situations:
● The spleen and stomach of the elderly and children are weak, and it is not suitable to eat too much bitter food.
● Patients with spleen and stomach deficiency and cold, abdominal pain, loose stools should not eat bitter cold food, otherwise it will aggravate the condition.
Furthermore, it must be appropriate. The light bitterness is good for summer appetite For those who are not good, it can invigorate the spleen and appetite. However, excessive bitterness or eating too much bitter food can cause side effects such as stomach upset, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, so eat bitter food in moderation.
Source: Ma Lieguang, "Four Seasons Living to Live to a Hundred Years" published by People's Medical Publishing House
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