If you have high blood pressure, the first reaction in people's mind is: Eat less salt! Aunt Wang is no exception. She often regards salt as a “poison” in her daily life. The strange thing is that no matter how Aunt Wang paid attention, her blood pressure did not drop at all.
"Weird, didn’t it mean that you can control your blood pressure if you eat less salt? Why is there no effect?"
In fact, this doubt about Aunt Wang is not uncommon in life. You must know The real killer of hypertension is not salt, but sodium in salt. So, if you want to control your blood pressure, it is not enough to eat less salt, and you must also control your sodium intake.
First, high sodium content can easily cause cardiovascular diseasestrong>.
When the sodium content in the body is too much, it is easy to cause water retention in the body, thereby increasing the internal pressure of the blood vessels, causing an excessive burden on the heart and blood vessels. Over time, it is easy to cause the heart and blood vessels. disease.
Secondly, excessive sodium content is easy to cause gastric cancer.
Excessive intake of sodium will make the gastric mucosa become thinner and thinner, thereby losing certain protective ability, causing problems in the stomach wall under the continuous stimulation of various foods with different pH levels, increasing the risk of gastric cancer risks of.
Third , Too high sodium content can easily cause osteoporosis and other problems.
"Eat more and more rows" has always been a characteristic of sodium ions. However, it is a At the same time, in order to maintain the balance between various elements in the body, the body will accelerate the loss of calcium. Long-term calcium deficiency can easily lead to problems such as osteoporosis.
"Simple, think Reduce sodium intake and eat less salty foods. "Many people may have the same idea after seeing this. But in fact, it is not just salt that contains high sodium content in life. There are many foods to eatIt is not salty, but the sodium content is also very high, such as the ones listed below.
There are many foods in daily life that may not be salty, but the sodium content is also high Yes, such as other condiments besides table salt, the first one is chicken essence. The sodium content in 100 grams of chicken essence is 18864 mg, which is equivalent to 48 grams of table salt.
In addition to chicken essence, many people also like to put MSG in cooking, and 100 grams of MSG contains 8160 mg of sodium, which is equivalent to 20.7 grams of salt. Don't think that MSG does not contain sodium content and "hand shake" too much.
In addition to these two condiments, there are also spicyChili sauce, bean paste and soy sauce, these three seasonings are also very high in sodium, and the sodium content per 100 g is 8027 mg, 6012 mg and 5757 mg, so when used Be sure to control the dosage.
In addition, although these foods that are frequently touched on a daily basis do not seem to have much to do with "salty", their sodium content is also quite high, such as shrimp skin. Each 100 grams of shrimp skin contains 5057 mg of sodium, which is quite close to the content of soy sauce. The sodium content in 100 grams of picked mustard is 4252 mg, which is equivalent to 10.8 grams of table salt.
There are also peanut butter, sweet noodle sauce, beef floss which don’t feel very salty.Food, but the sodium content per 100 grams is also as high as 2340 mg, 2097 mg and 1945 mg, which cannot be ignored.
So if you want to prevent excessive intake of sodium, you can’t just judge whether it’s salty or not when you buy food every day. You should pay attention to their sodium content.
For everyone to better understand, a table is specially made, please see:
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To judge the sodium content of food, it is not only an expert who can do it, the following two You can also implement the "stupid way".
First of all, you can search for the nutrient element list of various foods on relevant food websites, especially if you are concerned about foods with high sodium content, you should buy as little as possible when purchasing.
Secondly, if you can’t remember whether there are such foods on the food list when purchasing food, you can look through the nutrition facts list on the package and check the "Sodium Content" column. If it says "Sodium" Content>30%NRV", indicating that the sodium content is relatively high, it is recommended to buy and eat as little as possible.
Use your finger to forward, remind the "old patient" of hypertension around you!
1. Xue Xiaoyan, "On the Diet Therapy of Hypertension", Primary Medical Forum, The Medical Forum, 2019 Issue 08.
2. "Mastering the diets for hypertension and avoiding worries about blood pressure control", Clinical Misdiagnosis & Mistherapy, Issue 12, 2018.
3. Zhang Ping, "Prevention of Hypertension and Analysis of Diet and Exercise Regulation Methods", Journal of Electrocardiogram (Electronic Edition), Journal of Electrocardiogram (Electronic Edition)), Issue 02, 2018.