In the eyes of many diabetics, reducing blood sugar (keeping blood sugar stable) is the most important. As everyone knows, cardiovascular disease is an important complication of diabetes, and nearly 80% of diabetic patients die of cardiovascular disease. The death rate of cardiovascular disease among people with diabetes is at least 2 to 3 times that of the general population.
"More and more studies have proved that there is a common pathogenesis between hyperglycemia and cardiovascular disease." Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine First Affiliated Hospital Ward director Wang Yongxia taughtProfessor said that hypertension can increase the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk of diabetic patients by 4 times. When type 2 diabetes patients coexist with dyslipidemia, the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events will be further increased.
The clinical manifestations of diabetic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are complex, and many patients have atypical symptoms and are easily overlooked. "Patients with the disease generally have a long history of diabetes, and the damage to the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vessels may have begun in the pre-diabetes stage." Wang Yongxia said, this damage occurs slowly, and may be combined with diabetic neuropathy, which makes the patient feel painful Not obvious.
Therefore, once severe pain occurs, it may be myocardial infarction. If it cannot be detected and effectively controlled in the early stage, the disease will aggravate in the late stage and it will be difficult to treat.
Although the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease is high and the consequences are serious, pay attention to a healthy lifestyle and cooperation.It is preventable by using medicines.
Wang Yongxia said that in life, diabetic patients should clearly recognize their own risk factors for cardiovascular disease, take active self-care; maintain a good attitude, actively adapt to life and work; participate in physical exercise, Maintain good blood circulation, enhance heart function; quit smoking and other bad habits, cultivate good hobbies; adhere to a low-salt and low-fat diet. People with high blood pressure should take antihypertensive drugs, and those with high blood lipids should take lipid-lowering drugs.
Although painless myocardial infarction is like an invisible killer, the symptoms are atypical and even mild to hard to detect, but there are still clues, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, dizziness, palpitations, cold sweats, or paleness. The reasons are Unexplained diarrhea, abdominal pain, unexplainable fatigue, weakness, anxiety.
Wang Yongxia said that in order to avoid the occurrence of tragedies, it is recommended that older diabetic patients be diagnosed by an endocrinologist every timeAn electrocardiogram is done every six months, so you should go to the cardiology department frequently and in time. 【The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Chen Lu and Wei Jialin】