The vast majority of people in our country pay little attention to oral hygiene. Even in cities, there are very few people who can take oral care seriously and properly. Therefore, the prevalence of oral diseases in my country is very high, and this situation is more serious among middle-aged and elderly people.
The prevalence of dental caries in the elderly in China exceeds 80%, and the prevalence of periodontal disease is almost 100%.More than 90% of the elderly are missing teeth. According to the second national oral health survey, elderly people aged 65 to 74 have an average of 10 teeth missing, 42.3% of the elderly have less than 20 teeth, and more than 10% of the elderly are toothless. Many elderly people have dental problems that affect their eating. Many foods cannot be eaten, causing nutritional deficiencies and severely affecting their health. In addition, the oral health problems of middle-aged people cannot be ignored. The detection rate of gingival bleeding among middle-aged people aged 35 to 44 in my country is 77.3%, the detection rate of calculus is as high as 97.3%, and the periodontal health rate is only 14.5%. All this shows that you should pay special attention to oral hygiene issues from the youth.
In middle-aged and elderly people, osteoporosis can occur in the jaws, and the enamel is prone to cracking and partial chipping. Due to periodontal disease, gum atrophy, alveolar bone resorption, tooth looseness, loss or displacement, interdental space enlargement, food is easy to impact. These problems further increase the retention area of plaque, increase the formation of dental calculus, Peripheral inflammation is common; caries not only damage the crown, but also damage the exposed roots, making the root surface caries increase significantly.
Therefore, middle-aged and elderly people should pay special attention to maintaining good health Oral hygiene to prevent food impaction and the formation of dental plaque and calculus.It is best to have a checkup every six months and ask the doctor to clean your teeth. Missing teeth should also be mounted in time to prevent serious oral diseases.
Periodontitis is an independent cause of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases
Proved by modern medical research , Periodontal disease, like high blood pressure, high blood fat, smoking and lack of exercise, is a unique cause of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.Establish risk factors. The world's top medical journal-"New England Journal of Medicine" published a report by researchers from the University of London in March 2007. The report pointed out that "periodontitis" can cause teeth to loosen. When chewing, pathogenic bacteria and their toxins can be squeezed into blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, causing platelet degeneration and blood clotting mechanism changes, forming thrombi to block blood vessels. Accumulation over time can also form arteriosclerosis, and even cause diseases such as myocardial infarction. This is the first time that scientists have confirmed the direct causal relationship between periodontal disease and cardio-cerebrovascular disease.
It is recommended to clean the gap between teeth after every meal And rinse your mouth
To clean the gap between teeth, it is best to use dental floss.
The correct way to use dental floss is to take a 20-25 cm long dental floss, close the two ends of the line and knot it to form a loop, or take a 30 cm long dental floss , Wrap the two ends of the thread around the middle fingers of the left and right hands, and tighten the floss with the thumb and index finger or with two index fingers. ), Gently pass through the contact point of the two teeth in a see-saw style and go deep into the gum edge, and then scrape down close to the tooth surface. Each tooth surface is pulled and scraped about 3 times to remove dental plaque and food residue. It is difficult to use dental floss to clean the gaps between the teeth at the back of the mouth. You can practice and use repeatedly to find out how to clean.
In addition, interdental brush (a tiny bottle brush type brush, large dental hospital Available) or a thinner plastic toothpick with small teeth on the tip to clean the gap between the teethGap. In general, do not use thicker wooden toothpicks. Frequent use of it may damage the gums and widen the gap between the teeth.
Brush your teeth carefully
Brush your teeth carefully sooner or later Maintaining good oral hygiene is also very important. The method of brushing your teeth should be correct, especially the gum sideBrush off the plaque along the tooth surface. Place the toothbrush bristles on the neck of the tooth at a 45-degree angle to the long axis of the tooth. Gently vibrate left and right, then brush the upper teeth from top to bottom, and the lower teeth from bottom to top; brush the inside, outside and occlusal surfaces of the teeth At this point, pay special attention to brushing to the innermost teeth. The most taboo is to brush your teeth by pulling back and forth horizontally.
This brushing method can easily cause wedge-shaped defects in the neck of the tooth, which seriously affects the health of the teeth. Each time you brush your teeth is generally no less than 2 minutes, but no more than 3 minutes. After brushing, lick the tooth surface with your tongue to make the tooth surface smooth. It is best to use fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth, which can remove plaque and prevent dental caries from contacting fluoride.
Reject bad habits
In addition to brushing your teeth seriously, Drink sugary beverages and carbonated beverages less; do not smoke or quit smoking as soon as possible; wash your teeth once a year; perform oral health check at least once; see a doctor and repair missing teeth in time when you have symptoms such as tooth pain and bleeding gums. /p>
Drink more tea
It is recommended that the elderly keep drinking tea A good habit. Tea contains a lot of fluoride, which is good for preventing dental caries.
In short, maintaining good oral hygiene is particularly important for maintaining health, especially the health of middle-aged and elderly people. Dental health will reduce the risk of stomach diseases, heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases in the elderly. Healthy chewing will also make the elderly think sharply. Healthy and longevity require healthy teeth, and healthy teeth are also one of the factors that promote health and longevity. I hope everyone can pay attention to their mouthKeep the cavity clean, and don’t have a situation where there was a tooth and no food, but now there is food and no tooth.
Source: "Mastering the Key to Health-Good Habits Accompany You" published by People's Medical Publishing House Wang Longde
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