Cholesterol is oil, which turns into lipoprotein dissolved in water (blood) and is carried by the blood.
LDL cholesterol contains cholesterol called "LDL lipoprotein", which will be transported into cells. HDL cholesterol contains cholesterol called "HDL lipoprotein", which collects excess cholesterol back to the liver.
The increase in LDL cholesterol will accelerate arteriosclerosis, so "Bad cholesterol"; HDL cholesterol can clean the blood, so it is "good cholesterol". To say so, it's actually just a different function. There is no good or bad in the world of cholesterol.
Cholesterol is very high, can it be lowered without taking medicine? Do only one thing in 3 months. Cholesterol is good by yourself.
Cholesterol is a kind of oil or fat. It is also a steroidal ketone, a constituent of steroid hormones. If you put it in your hand, you will feel it resembles the crumbs of a creamy white candle, and the feel is similar to that of a candle. Cholesterol flows with the blood in the human body, but it is not simply transported. Because fatty substances are based on oil, And blood is water-based, they will not mix. If cholesterol is simply put in the human blood, it will solidify into small non-functional oil droplets, so the human body has a lot of translations of classics.
There is a substance called lipoprotein, this substance Cholesterol and other lipids can be broken down into tiny protein-coated particles, which can be dissolved in the blood and play a role. This protein is called apolipoprotein.
The fat in these microparticles is composed of cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. I will not introduce phospholipids too much. Its main function is to make the microparticles aggregate and stick together; triglycerides are a special form of fat. It is composed of three molecules of fatty acids and one molecule of glycerol, so it is called triglycerides. It is the source of 90% of fat in human food. The human body needs triglycerides to provide energy, but with cholesterol, their excess will cause systemic arteries and Heart disease.
Reducing blood lipids can reduce the incidence of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Experiments to study lipid levels and clinical coronary disease prevention have found that bloodFor every one percentage point decrease in total cholesterol content, the likelihood of coronary heart disease or myocardial infarction decreases by two percentage points. Studies have also shown that as cholesterol levels decrease, the likelihood of angina pectoris and the need for coronary artery bypass surgery also decreases.
You can reduce and completely get rid of your dependence on lipid-lowering drugs. People with high blood lipid levels need to receive lipid-lowering drugs. The most common ones are statins, such as lovastatin (Melipid-lowering) and Simvastatin (lipid-lowering esters). "Drugs are the second line of defense", "Food and lifestyle changes are the basic way to get rid of coronary heart disease."
You can reduce the incidence of stroke. A study has shown that elevated blood lipids can cause an abnormal increase in a certain chemical substance, causing abnormal spasm in the carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain. If the spasm blocks the blood flow, it will produce Small strokes, or transient cerebral ischemia symptoms. In addition, if excessive low-density lipoproteins deposited in the arteries release human blood, it may cause cerebral thrombosis, leading to strokes.
How to reduce blood lipids What?
1, reduce fromCholesterol intake in food
Foods that are rich in cholesterol and must be paid special attention to include eggs, fish eggs, liver, dried island sauce, etc., and cakes made of eggs, milk, and fresh cream should be especially careful.
The cholesterol content in animal fats such as meat fat and butter is not as high as the original ingredients, but LDL cholesterol is mostly synthesized after entering the body. Plant-based foods contain almost no cholesterol; olive oil and herringbone contain unsaturated fatty acids, which have the effect of lowering cholesterol; in addition, eating meat with dietary fiber that can inhibit cholesterol absorption is an unshakable health law.
2, start physical exercise. Researchers at Stanford University have found that physical exercise combined with a low-fat diet can double the level of low-density lipoprotein in the blood. They recommend that people do moderate physical exercise at least 3 times a week. Have at least 45-60 minutes of moderate strength every 5 daysA degree of physical exercise can effectively reduce weight.
3. Quit smoking. Smoking can cause arteriosclerosis and lower HDL levels5%. Dr. Lauren Moss, director of the University of Michigan, Heart Disease Prevention and Education Research Center, pointed out that two years after quitting smoking, the risk of heart disease can be restored to the level of normal people who have never smoked. Therefore, quitting smoking can significantly improve the body's blood lipid status. 60 days after quitting smoking, the adverse effects of smoking on high-density lipoprotein levels can be eliminated.
4. Release stress and relax emotions. Long-term chronic stress will increase the level of homocysteine in the body. Homocysteine is an amino acid that is closely related to the risk of human heart disease. Therefore, maintaining a calm mind is very important for lowering blood lipids.
5. Eat more vegetable oils containing lipid-lowering evening grass oil
Lipid-lowering evening grass oil is an unsaturated fatty acid that can reduce cholesterol in blood vessels and reduce glycerol Triester and low-density lipoprotein levels increase high-density lipoprotein levels, and can combine with plant sterols to double blood lipids. A previous patient had a high cholesterol index. In addition to taking drugs,I also ate some vegetable oils containing lipid-lowering evening primrose oil, which reduced triglycerides and cholesterol in 3 months.