Under normal circumstances, monopolistic industries (such as tobacco, oil, electricity, etc.) or prohibited industries (such as pornography, gambling and drugs) are the most profitable, because they are exclusive operations, a bit similar to the ancient salt and iron monopoly, so the ancient salt merchants are rich Oily. There is no local statistical data for the prohibited industries, so without analysis, we will talk about monopoly industries.
In the monopoly industry, tobacco should be the most profitable one. The total annual tax and profit of my country’s tobacco industry is currently more than 1 trillion yuan, accounting for my country’s total fiscal revenue. More than one-twentieth is basically the same as my country’s military expenditure. It can be said that the tax and profit of the tobacco family alone are sufficient for my country’s military expenditure.
The tobacco industry performs very well. What about other monopolistic industries?
Due to the low level of electricity prices in the power industry in my country, the profit margin of State Grid is relatively low. In 2018, the profit rate of State Grid was 9533.4/348903.1=2.73%, but no matter what, electricity is profitable. of.
Talk about our two barrels of oil? I have to say that it is excellent. Under the monopoly operation, when crude oil rises, I also rise, and crude oil has an impact on me. I will not drop the price of crude oil. Under the different blessings of crude oil and crude oil, Sinopec’s profit margin can achieve this. 0.5%, and China National Petroleum Corporation does not make a profit but loses. I have to say that it manages the level of leverage. The price of private gas stations is about one yuan cheaper than two barrels of oil per liter, but private gas stations can still make money. This also shows that Problem.
From the above analysis, we can know that there is obviously a discrepancy between theory and practice. It seems that monopoly industries are not all profiteering industries, especially those involving people’s livelihood (such as electricity and water charges). The overall price is relatively close to the people.
Who is the profiteering industry?
From the annual report statistics of listed companies in 2017, it can be seen that the top ten most profitable industries at present are: banking, non-bank finance (such as ant small loans, online loans), real estate, chemical industry, building decoration, Transportation, automobile, mining, medical biology and public utilities.
Among them, the banking industry is far ahead, but the total profit of more than 4,000 banks across the country is actually not much different from that of the Tobacco Company; Needless to say, non-bank finance, since all Internet companies are now engaged in various types of loans. ; Real estate is not mentioned, everyone knows. Architectural decoration and medical biology are mainly opaque in price. You don't know the cost. For example, in the decoration industry, there are many kinds of panels, and so is a door and window system. If you don't understand this industry, the price is at your disposal.
The chemical industry and the extractive industry do not understand and do not analyze; the transportation list is mainly because the companies in the transportation industry currently listed are mainly airlines (in reality, now automobile transportation and train Most of the transportation is at a loss, just because these two are basically not listed); the huge profits of the automobile industry do not lie in the new cars, but in the maintenance and repair, and also because of the opaque prices. Public utilities are on the list mainly because of their large size, involving all the people in the country.
To achieve windfall profits, it is necessary to have an exclusive monopoly; or it is necessary to have an opaque cost and price. These are the two most basic elements of becoming a profiteering industry. Although the above two situations may not necessarily lead to huge profits, But without the above two situations, it is basically difficult to achieve huge profits.