In the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, a hundred schools of thought contend, each has its own uses. The Qin ruled the six kingdoms, burned books to confuse Confucianism, destroyed the books of a hundred schools, and used the foolishness of the first. The world of bitter Qin,
Righteous soldiers rose in succession, and then Chu and Han contended for the hegemony, the world returned to Han, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty accepted Dong Zhongshu’s doctrine, ousted hundreds of schools and respected Confucianism. Since then, Confucianism has been popular for more than two thousand years and has become the doctrine of governance. So where is the charm of Confucianism and who are its representatives?
Of course, the first thing to mention is Confucius, the most sacred master of the later generations. Confucius used his precepts and deeds to teach and practice Taoism, becoming an example of post-Confucianism. The reason why he has such a large cultural influence can be analyzed from the following points.
First of all, he widely recruited disciples and taught preaching. He wrote a book and said that he was a great educator.
He pays attention to scientific teaching methods and learning methods. He emphasized the combination of learning and thinking, and he said: learning without thinking is useless, thinking without learning is perilous. He advocated a learning method of inferring from one another. He said: If you don't be angry, you won't be angry, you won't be angry, and if you don't try to learn from one another, you won't stop. He advocated learning from each other's merits. The son said: Three people must have my teacher, choose the good ones and follow them, and the bad ones will change them. He attaches great importance to the effect of review, Zi said: review the past and learn the new.
He has advanced teaching concepts. He can teach without class, Zi said: I am not inadequate to fix the above by myself. He can teach in accordance with his aptitude in the teaching process. There was a disciple Ran begging to ask a question: Wen Si does everything? Zi said: Do it. Another disciple Zilu asked for the same question. Zilu said: With the father and the brothers, how can they be heard? The same question was given different answers to different disciples Confucius, which made disciple Zi Hua very strange. Confucius explained: Asking for also retreats, so go ahead. You also retired. It turned out that Ran asked for a modest and prudent personality, so Confucius encouraged him to be bold and decisive. Zilu's personality was brave and impatient. Confucius advised him to ask others for advice, think twice, and not be reckless.
He has good teacher ethics. Confucius's serious image among his disciples is: warm and strong, mighty but not fierce, respectful and peaceful. The disciple Yan Hui once sighed: The master is tempting and persuasive. Therefore, Confucius is a kind and strict elder. He is gentle, knowledgeable, and persuasive. He is a good teacher and helpful friend for preaching and solving problems. He often reflects on himself: if he is tireless in learning and tireless in teaching, what is it for me?
Confucius is also a great virtue with noble moral pursuit, strict self-discipline, and courage to practice Tao.
He pursues morality and abides by etiquette. Zi said: Unrighteous, rich and noble, with me in Fuyun. The gentleman is like justice, the villain is like profit.
He self-cultivation, self-denial, loyalty and benevolence, the son said: people do not know but not stunned, not a gentleman. Do unto others, do not impose on others. See the virtuous and think together, but also introspect in the sight of the bad. He also attached great importance to careful introspection, and his son said: My day is to reflect on my body, to be unfaithful to others, to make friends without believing, to pass on? He pays attention to the consistency of words and deeds. The son said: A gentleman is a man of great perseverance. On the road of pursuing benevolence, he is determined not to move, he would rather die than regret, and his son said: a person of lofty ideals is a benevolent person, and there is no survival to harm benevolence, and a murder to become benevolence. He pursued the way of being sage inside and king outside his life, constantly improving his self-cultivation, so as to realize his political ambitions. The noble justice of the gentleman can be described as high mountains and long rivers, which can be used for later generations.
Confucius is a profound philosopher.
He emphasizes the leadership by example of those who are politicians. The son said: his body is upright, he does not order to act, his body is not upright, although orders are not followed. The politician is right, and the son is righteous, who dare not be wrong. He pays attention to the righteousness of governance, and his son said: If the name is not right, then the words are not right, and the words are not right. He emphasized the conduct of ethical governance, and his son said: to govern with virtue, to be like a north star, to live in its place and be overwhelmed by the stars.
It can be seen that Confucius was regarded as a saint by the later world. It lies in his tireless teaching and training for generations, in his gentleman style, setting an example, in saving the country with chaos, and guiding the world to rule the world with etiquette. In addition, his wise understanding of life has also inspired countless future generations. His knowledge is not confused, the benevolent is not worried, the brave is not afraid, let us learn how to be a magnanimous gentleman; his gentleman's three precepts, rebooting, fighting, and quitting, allow us to reflect on ourselves at different stages of life; His benevolent leshan, the wise man enjoys the water, the wise man moves, the benevolent man is quiet, the wise man is happy, and the benevolent man lives in harmony, let us be calm and wise.