Of course, the main competitors in the American Civil War are the alliance of northern states and the confederation of southern states. Most people would think this is where the geographic impact of the war stops. After all, the United States was a much smaller country at the time.
However, interest in the western half of the continent played an important role in the Civil War. Both parties hope to expand into the area and apply for resources for themselves.
This interest led to a decisive moment in the Civil War, known as the Glorieta Pass.
Gettysburg in the west
The Battle of Glorieta Pass takes place In New Mexico, it happened in 1862. At that time, the area was called New Mexico.This is part of the New Mexico movement led by the Confederation as a way of controlling the Southwest. If it can do this, the Confederation will not only gain territory through the gold mines in Colorado and California, but it will also have considerable advantages and much-needed wealth.
The artist's rendering of the Glorieta Pass.
The Battle of Glorieta Pass was named West Gettysburg by some. This is a rather dramatic title that has received a lot of criticism over the years. The Allies hope that this battle is indeed dramatic (though not) and that it will be the last action required to control this part of the African continent.
At the time, the Confederate States did indeed have an outpost on the territory of Arizona, including parts of Arizona and New Mexico. They were able to do this by representing the inheritance of the actual citizens living there at the time. This provides convenience for simple alliance entry. The western capital of the Allies is Messila.
Sibley and Canby
The two main participants in the battle were Confederate Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley and Union Colonel Edward Camby. In GloBefore the Battle of Rieta Pass, Sibley had experienced previous victories and captured Albuquerque and Santa Fe at the same time.
League Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley.
However, after this battle, he was transferred to Louisiana. There, he developed a bad drinking habit, which led to many military mistakes. Otherwise, he was an ingenious inventor and was praised for creating new military tents and stoves, which were adopted and widely used by the American and British armies.
On the other hand, Camby was a successful military actor who mastered the Pacific Northwest after the Civil War Command. He was the only American general who died in the Indian War in 1873 during a diplomatic dispute with the Murdoch tribe in California.
Alliance Major General Edward Camby.
In March 1862, Sibley sent about 300 Texas soldiers to the strategic location of the Santa Fe Trail, Glorieta Pass. This would give the Confederate an advantage. If they succeed, they There will be aThe easy portal takes over the entire southwest.
Allied forces marched south from Denver at the same time to Fort Union and Glorieta Pass. They had to cover a distance of 400 miles in just two weeks, which meant they didn't have much time to rest before finally entering the battle.
The Confederates camped in Apache Canyon at one end of the pass, and there were 50 men on the top of the mountain.
The Santa Fe footprint of the Fortress League.
The coalition forces with more than 400 soldiers began to attack soon after their arrival. They first found 50 men at the summit and quickly caught them, then moved to the main group.
However, the alliance’s offense was stopped by the shelling. The Union army was divided into two groups and met the Confederate Union on both sides of the pass, forcing them to retreat. They did this, but only for a mile, they formed a line of defense and began to wait for Union soldiers to appear again.
After arriving, the Union soldiers again put pressure on the southern army to force them to retreat again. However, during this retreat, Southern StatesThe coalition forces became confused and disoriented, and began to split into groups. Taking advantage of this advantage, the coalition forces captured some enemy forces while the rest were scattered. Then the Union army retreated and won.
appears today Glorieta Pass battlefield.
Both sides received reinforcements, and the battle came to a halt.
The Confederate army has more than 1,000 soldiers. They began to dig rifle pits while waiting for the alliance to advance.
The alliance army is receiving its own reinforcements, there are about 900 soldiers. On March 28, both men went to attack.
Alliance soldiers went out and circled the alliance. However, the Confederate forces are advancing towards the Confederate forces faster than expected. The two sides met late in the morning, and Confederate figures surrounded the alliance line, who retreated and took cover at a nearby ranch. The Confederate army continued to advance in a three-pronged manner, with a group of people on the right, left and center. Most of the left and center forces were unsuccessful, but the forces on the right were able to outflank the alliance. The skirmish continued until night fell,At that time the alliance retreated.
Singular error of Glorieta Pass
Historical markers of the Glorieta Pass site.
However, when volunteers from New Mexico in Mexico informed the alliance that a federally-supplied train was found, the tideJust turned. Naturally, New Mexico did not have enough food or supplies to equip the Southern Army, so all the materials reached land.
Through this new information, the Alliance attacked, looted and destroyed supplies including 500 horses.
This action won the alliance's victory in this battle. Regardless of their superiority on the battlefield the next day, it will allow the Allied forces to return to Santa Fe and then to San Antonio, because they now have no supplies.
The Confederacy will not return to New Mexico and will be forced to give up hope of conquering the much-desired Southwest.