10 Most Influential Ancient Tombs in China
1 name: The Mausoleum of the First Emperor Qin was built from 246 BC to 208 BC and lasted 39 years. It was China’s first mausoleum of an emperor on a grand scale, exquisite layout and well-preserved. The existing tomb is 76 meters high and the cemetery is The layout resembles the capital of Qin Xianyang,Divided into two cities, the inner city has a circumference of 2.5 kilometers and the outer city has a circumference of 6.3 kilometers. The tomb is located in the southwest of the inner city and has not been excavated yet. In 1987, the Mausoleum of the First Emperor Qin and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses pits were approved by UNESCO to be included in the "World Heritage List" and were hailed as "the eighth wonder of the world."
No. 2: Huangdi Mausoleum, located in Beiqiao Mountain, Huangling County, Shaanxi Province. The Huangdi Mausoleum was called "Qiaoling" in ancient times. It was a place where successive emperors and famous people of China worshipped the Yellow Emperor. According to records, the earliest worship of the Yellow Emperor began in 442 BC. Since the establishment of the temple ceremonies in the fifth year of the Tang Dali period (770 years), it has been the place where national ceremonies were held in successive dynasties. The Yellow Emperor’s Mausoleum is the holy land of the Chinese nation. Overseas Chinese hailed it as the "Oriental Mecca" and the "First Mausoleum in the World".
No. 3: The Yandi Mausoleum is located in Luyuan Town, 17 kilometers west of Yanling County, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province. Here, there is a circulation of water, towering old trees and beautiful scenery. The record of the burial place of the Yandi Shennong family was first seen in the "Emperor Century" written by Huangfu Mi of the Jin Dynasty. The Yandi "disintegrated after 120 years of reign and was buried in Changsha." Luo Mi's "Lu Shi" in the Song Dynasty is more specific. : Emperor Yan "the end of Changsha Tea Township collapsed and buried, is called Cha Ling." The Yandi Mausoleum has a history of more than a thousand years since Emperor Taizu of Song Dynasty built the temple five years ago. With the rise and fall of successive dynasties, the Yandi Temple has also experienced vicissitudes of life and has been repeatedly destroyed and built.
No. 4: The Eastern Tomb of the Qing Dynasty is located in Zunhua City, Tangshan City, Hebei Province. The Eastern Tomb of the Qing Dynasty is a masterpiece of palace architecture in the Qing Dynasty. It has superb skills in both wooden and stone structures. Physical architecture. On November 30, 2000, the Tomb of the Qing Dynasty was officially included in the World Cultural Heritage List, and was evaluated by the United Nations World Heritage experts as "a creative genius masterpiece of mankind".
No. 5: The Western Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty is located at the foot of Yongning Mountain, 15 kilometers west of Yixian Town, Baoding City, Hebei Province, and more than 120 kilometers away from Beijing. The Western Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty is a hilly land surrounded by mountains, dense trees, and beautiful scenery. The Qingxi Mausoleum was founded in 2000. On November 30, at the 24th Conference of States Parties of the World Heritage Committee held in Cairns, Australia, it was unanimously approved by the member states as a world cultural heritage.
No. 6: The Ming Tombs, located at the southern foot of Tianshou Mountain, Changping County, Beijing, buried 13 emperors, 23 empresses, two princes, more than 30 concubines and one eunuch. The area is surrounded by mountains. The mountains and rivers are beautiful and the scenery is pleasant. The mausoleum area covers an area of 40 square kilometers, and it is the largest existing imperial tomb complex in China and the world with the largest number of emperors’ tombs. On July 3, 2003, the Ming Tombs were listed. Included in the United Nations "World Heritage List".
No. 7: Konglin, located in Qufu City, Shandong Province, is the family cemetery of Confucius and his descendants. It is the longest family cemetery in the world. After research, Konglin has continued More than 2340 years. According to records, Confucius was buried here after his death. The initial cemetery was about 1 hectare. After the continuous grant of land by the emperors of the past dynasties, it reached more than 3,000 mu by the Qing Dynasty. In December 1994, Kong Lin was selected as a World Heritage Site. Directory".
No. 8: Zhaoling Mausoleum, located on Jiucheng Mountain, 22.5 kilometers northeast of Liquan County, Shaanxi Province, is the tomb of Emperor Taizong Li Shimin. The Zhaoling Mausoleum was built after the death of the grandson empress in the tenth year of Zhenguan, which was completed in twenty-three years and lasted for 13 years. The tombs of the emperors of the Tang Dynasty abandoned the method of burial in the Qin and Han Dynasties, but followed the Wei, Jin and Southern Dynasties The popular method is to choose natural peaks with excellent feng shui, and cut the middle of the mountain as the tombThe room, from the appearance of the mountain, is tall and straight, with an overwhelming momentum. It is the largest of the "Tang Eighteen Tombs" in Guanzhong, Shaanxi.
No. 9: Genghis Khan Cemetery, located in Gandeli Obao, Yijinhuoluo Banner, Ordos City Above. In 1219 and 1226, Genghis Khan made two western expeditions. When he led his troops passing by here, he was deeply attracted by the beautiful scenery here.Compose poems to praise him immediately, and choose this place as his burial place. In the Genghis Khan Cemetery, the jungle is dense, with fragrant grasses and fragrant flowers. In the middle of this peaceful and harmonious grassland, it uses a uniquely interconnected yurt hall to mark the Mongols’ military exploits in the history of the Mongolian people.
No. 10: The Mausoleum of the Xixia King, located at the eastern foot of Helan Mountain, the western suburb of Yinchuan CityIt is about 35 kilometers away from the urban area. It is one of the largest existing emperor cemeteries in China with the most complete ground ruins. The Western Xia King’s Tomb was influenced by Buddhist architecture, which organically combined Han culture, Buddhism culture, and Dangxiang culture to form a unique form of cemetery architecture in my country, which was hailed as "mysterious miracle" and "oriental pyramid" by the world.