Although the two days of July 5 and 6 are weekends, they affect the hearts of Chinese people. Everyone is paying attention to the results of the World Heritage application. China has The final results of the two World Heritage applications have excited the whole Chinese people. The "Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase 1)" was approved to be included in the World Heritage List, and the "Liangzhu Ancient City Site" was approved to be included in the World Heritage List. Said to be a complete victory, so far, the total number of world heritage sites in China has increased to 55.
The success of Liangzhu Ancient City Heritage's application for World Cultural Heritage is of extraordinary significance. Readers who love history know that there are fierce disputes between Chinese and foreign scholars as to whether China is a 5,000-year civilization or a 3,000-year civilization. European and American scholars generally believe that China has only a 3,000-year civilization. , Which started from the Shang Dynasty, did not recognize the existence of the Xia Dynasty, while Chinese scholars generallyPeople tend to have a civilization of five thousand years and believe that the Xia Dynasty exists. Although China has undertaken the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasty project, during the period, the excavation of the Erlitou site also made breakthroughs, but there has been no conclusive evidence to prove the existence of the Xia Dynasty. There is no way to prove China's five thousand years of civilization.
The standard is Western countries have formulated it and are recognized by the world. Even if we disagree with foreign opinions, we have not been able to provide more conclusive evidence. There have been three disputes in the world for the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dating Project, but there is still no final conclusion. .
The ancient city of Liangzhu relics China’s five-thousand-year civilization
The success of the Liangzhu Ancient City site's application for heritage not only represents the number of World Heritage Sites in China has jumped to the worldThe first place in the world also means that the Liangzhu civilization has been recognized by the world. This means that the origin of Chinese civilization and the formation of a country five thousand years ago, has finally been recognized internationally, which means that China’s five thousand years of civilization is a real hammer Of course, the Liangzhu ancient city site in Zhejiang is not related to the Xia Dynasty in Henan. It cannot prove the existence of the Xia Dynasty, but the five thousand years of Chinese civilization has been recognized by the world.
The archaeological excavation of the Liangzhu Civilization has also gone through almost a century. In 1936, the land of China was still under war. The devastation, the archaeological excavation of a young man named Shi Xingeng in Liangzhu, Hangzhou opened a corner of the Liangzhu site. Of course, due to the impact of the war and the country’s insufficient attention to archaeology, many cultural relics in Liangzhu were lost. Overseas, fortunately, the Liangzhu Ancient City site is not an ancient tomb, but a very large area. After decades of rescue excavations, LiangzhuA large number of gray and black pottery, jade artifacts such as jade cong, jade bi, and jade yue were unearthed at the site. A clearer Liangzhu civilization was displayed in front of people. In 2007, the Liangzhu ancient city of 3 million square meters was revived, proving that Liangzhu was not A tribal alliance, but a real country.
Liangzhu Civilization, 5300-4300 years ago, existed for about 1000 years. The spatial distribution of Liangzhu Civilization is mainly in the basin around Taihu Lake, covering an area of about 36,500 square kilometers. In the Taihu Lake Basin, there is a civilization centered on Liangzhu. This civilization has produced a large number of exquisite jade articles, which means that the division of labor at that time has reached a very high degree, which further proves the existence of Liangzhu as a country.
The amazing study of Liangzhu civilizationAncient discoveries
Although people all over the country are sharing the news of the successful application of the Liangzhu ancient city site, it is important to the Liangzhu civilization that has continued for 83 years of archaeological excavations. It may not necessarily be understood that a large number of cultural relics were unearthed at the Liangzhu site, which also subverted our understanding of the living standards and technical levels of the ancients.
The most amazing things to the world are the King City of Liangzhu, Liangzhu Dam, and the Yaoshan Ruins of Fanshan River
Liangzhu King City
According to the current definition, the symbol that can be called a country is regional division.There is administrative legitimacy, that is, legal power, and the discovery of the Liangzhu King City just proved this point. With the King City, there will be regional division and power center, which means the birth of a country.
Liangzhu King City You Palace District (39 ha ), the inner city (approximately 280 hectares including the palace area), and the outer city (approximately 351 hectares) are composed of a centripetal triple layout. The layout of the city and the outer city is in the same line as the urban construction in the Central Plains of China, so it is inferred that the Liangzhu civilization is inextricably linked to the Central Plains.
The best embodiment of Liangzhu’s wisdom is the water conservancy system in LiangzhuThe Liangzhu people built a very complex water conservancy system by building dams, consisting of 11 artificial dams, natural mountains, and spillways consisting of the Gukou high dam, the plain low dam, and the long dike in front of the mountain. According to preliminary estimates, the entire water conservancy system forms a reservoir with an area of about 13 square kilometers, with a reservoir capacity of more than 60 million cubic meters. It is the earliest large-scale water conservancy project site discovered so far in China and one of the earliest dam systems in the world that has been discovered so far.
Liangzhu’s water conservancy system has the function of regulating droughts and floods. In many cases, dams can be used to adjust the water so that the water can be discharged as soon as possible, so as not to flood the city. When it is dry, dams can be used to store water to solve the problem of water sources. What makes all this happen is the uniqueness of Liangzhu people. The invention: grass wrapped in mud. "Grass wrapped in mud" means that rotten grass is mixed with silt and wrapped in mud bags. It is equivalent to a transfer complaint. In the 1970s and 1980s, the NorthMany villages in Fang also used straw-wrapped bricks to build houses, and this technique may have been passed down from Liangzhu.
Fanshan and Yaoshan sites
Power and administration are also reflected In the tombs, the unearthed sites of the Fanshan and Yaoshan tombs proved the existence of King Liangzhu. The Fanshan cemetery is a high-level cemetery built on an artificially built independent high platform. The highest-level tomb No. 12 is in the south. In the middle of the row, the complete "sacred man and beast face" emblems seen so far are all from the tomb. A large number of exquisite jade artifacts have been unearthed from Fanshan, as well as the jade king and jade yue symbolizing power. It is speculated that this may be the tomb of King Liangzhu .
Yaoshan Site is located about 5 kilometers northeast of the city siteAt the top of a hill in, is a compound site of an altar and high-level tombs. It belongs to the early Liangzhu culture. His special feature is that Yaoshan was originally an altar for the Liangzhu people, but as the political center moved, this The altar was abandoned and became a burial site for the nobles.
A total of 13 Liangzhu tombs that broke the altar were cleaned up on the altar, and 754 burial objects (groups) were unearthed, of which 678 pieces (groups) of jade were unearthed.
The ancient city of Liangzhu proves the existence of five thousand years of civilization in China. This is an extremely long process, and there are more secrets waiting for the mysterious Liangzhu People discover it, and believe that with the advancement of archaeology, evidence of the existence of the Xia Dynasty will be further discovered, and Chinese civilization will be more perfect and diverse.