People who have crossed the overpass always have a doubt. Is there a bridge on the overpass? The answer is yes.
In Yongding Gate (north of Yongding Gate), there are two altars from east to west, Tiantan on the east, Xiannong altar on the west, and the two altars to the north. It is probably the earliest bridge of the sky bridge. It's hard to explain. To the south of Tianqiao, to the north of Yongding Gate, between the east and the west, is probably the location of the Tianqiao market in the old society.
The location of the flyover market was a depression in the past. There were many low-level working people working inside and outside Yongdingmen to make a living, which drove the formation of the flyover market. With the popularity, people gradually began to show off. , Set up stalls in the shed, rest for tea, and juggling in the bookstore also follows. At the end of the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, the road from Qianmen to Yongdingmen was renovated and widened. If the terrain is low, the road will be raised, and the road will be filled with soil. People are prosperous, and naturally some people buy land to build houses and pavements, various copper and iron stalls, and clothing. Stalls, small merchants and hawkers are scattered all over the world. The opening of the Tianqiao City South Amusement Park and the formation of the Tianqiao East and West Markets have pushed the prosperity of the Tianqiao to a climax.
Republic of China After the beginning of the year (1911), the business market in Tianqiao increased, and various forms of folk art were also enriched. Teahouses, bookstores, grocery stores, fortune-telling stalls, etc. lined up. Although Tianqiao had a bargaining field, wrestling venues appeared. It was relatively late, and the earliest was after 1920. 1920-1930 was also a period of prosperity for Tianqiao Commercial District.
the flyover The southernmost point of the building ends at Yongding Gate, but Yongding Gate was demolished in the 1950s and 1960s. The Beijing Municipal Government rebuilt Yongding Gate and built a new street garden in 2004-2005, which was one of the main reasons for the reconstruction. , Is to apply for the heritage, that is, the World Cultural Heritage. Because Beijing's Forty-Nine City no longer exists, and the remaining gates and arrow towers remain unchanged, Beijing Forty-Nine City itself does not have the conditions for inscription, but the central axis of Beijing is basically It was still there, namely the Bell Tower, Drum Tower—Jingshan—Forbidden City—Zhengyangmen—Yongdingmen. There was no single tower at Yongdingmen, so it was decided to rebuild Yongdingmen, abandon the application of Beijing City, and instead apply for the central axis of Beijing. .
After the reconstruction of Yongdingmen, the most criticized thing is that it looks stingy. Some people say that this is a scaled-down version of Yongding Gate. In fact, it is not. This gate was rebuilt on a one-to-one basis. But why does it look so imposing?
In my words, the cover is missing. In addition to the gate itself, the old city gate also has the urn city, the city walls on the east and west sides, and the arrow tower. Together, these are a complete one.The gate of the city, it is a group of buildings, now only a "polished commander" has been repaired alone, no wonder it looks deserted. Not to mention the urn city and the arrow tower, it is the city wall on the east and west sides. If a section can be added, the current Yongdingmen city tower can also have many styles.
The reconstructed Yongding Gate is an antique building, that is, it is not made of ancient craftsmanship. The building is just the same shape, reinforced concrete is used for construction,For example, adding two sections of city walls or the construction of Urn City and Arrow Tower can be considered in terms of craftsmanship and cost.
The ancient woodwork and masonry craftsmanship are naturally expensive. The most important thing is that the current construction team may not be able to do it, but reinforced concrete should not be a problem. As for the reason for the failure, the author is also I don't know, I can only sigh, it's a pity.
With regard to the construction craftsmanship of ancient buildings, Liang Sicheng once wrote a well-known "French Style", an emperor's masterpiece, which is admirable, but this book alone is not enough. Why, even if we really plan to spend a lot of money, it is difficult to rebuild with ancient craftsmanship. Liang Sicheng has dedicated everything he has, and we can't demand too much of him.
To put it simply, traditional Chinese craftsmanship is taught by heart. The most difficult part is the process of inheritance, because some of the craftsmanship cannot be recorded in words, as the old generation passed away. The essence of traditional craftsmanship is rarely known, but even if it can be recorded all, the builders know how to operate, they may not necessarily do it. Knowing and doing it are two different things; even if they can do it, they will not be It can be done well; even if one or two people can do it well, there is no guarantee that the entire construction team can do it well. Carpenters, stonemasons, bricklayers, paintersPainters and barkers have their own ways, and the knowledge in them is deeper than the sea.
Text/Yi Zhenyu Beijing Folklore/ Get to know Beijing’s customs and sow folklore from afar
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