Chinese culture has been passed down for thousands of years, and it contains everything. There are many puzzles that are still unexplainable, especially the exploration of heaven has never stopped. Due to the limitations of the times, many common astronomical phenomena are in the ancients. Eyes are often used to predict good or bad, so the ancients were very obsessed with celestial phenomena.
According to records in the Spring and Autumn Period, our ancestors left records about Halley’s Comet, nearly 600 years earlier than Europe. At the same time, there was a perfect astronomical calendar system in the Spring and Autumn Period. The "Gan Shi Xing Jing" of the period is a book of astronomy, including people's cognition of heaven.
Since then, all dynasties and dynasties have left behind the works of observing astrology, and they can integrate the changes of astrology into the actual environment. During the matriarchal society, people began to watch the astronomical changes and speculate on the seasonal changes. It can be seen that the ancient astronomical calendar developed rapidly. It was an immortal discovery of Chinese culture and created the Chronicles of the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches on this basis.
However, the ancients believed that eternity is the truth. Once things change from the essence, it often indicates the emergence of crises, while the astronomical phenomenon often changes. Therefore, the ancients have their own understanding of the movement of the stars and try to predict the future development trajectory through these changes. Make corresponding countermeasures.
This is what people call "When studying heaven and man, Many people who are familiar with the astronomical calendar can make amazing predictions and judgments. Therefore, they have become admired "gods". Except for those Liu Bowen, Zhuge Liang and others who have been promoted to the altar, it is possible Many people can’t think of how Sima Qian, a historian, is also one of the best.What happened?
Sima Qian once recorded the Hongmen Banquet in his book. I must be familiar with this story. In the last years of the Qin Dynasty, the world was turbulent, and the heroes of all walks of life came together, gradually forming several powerful forces competing for the world. Among the princes of the road, Xiang Yu Liu Bang is the most powerful and has the most chance to take the world. Even though the gap between the two sides is like a chasm, Xiang Yu has more than 400,000 soldiers, and there are countless capable people and strangers around him. Starting from Peixian, after years of struggle, only tens of thousands of people have been accumulated. Looking at the number of soldiers alone, Xiang Yu will have the upper hand.
Almost no one can believe that Liu Bang will win, but one person thinks that Liu Bang is always a big trouble, this person is Xiang Yu Fan Zeng, the chief adviser in the army, has warned Xiang Yu many times that he must find a chance to get rid of Liu Bang, otherwise he will be allowed to grow bigger and he can only swallow the bitter fruit in the future. It can also be seen from this that Fan Zeng's hunch is too far ahead. , And he is a counselor, is it related to the "study on the change of heaven and man"?
Everyone knows the later results. Xiang Yu never took a hard heart at the Hongmen Banquet, and his This hesitation ultimately ruined not only the great prospects, but also his own life. Liu Bang went from an unknown rogue to the founding emperor. When Sima Qian recorded this historyAt that time, I once said, "By observing it, there is no one who should follow it without first seeing it." This sentence roughly means that the ending has been revealed by God.
Of course, the "study of the changes of heaven and man" should also be combined with people’s In the context of the era, we must maintain awe of God. Dong Zhongshu once put forward the theory of “interaction between heaven and man” in his research, which has a profound impact on future generations. These thoughtsTo a certain extent, Sima Qian’s cognition has been changed. At the same time, the ancients were in awe of "Tian Chang" and continued to conduct research on this basis.
Let’s take a look at the era that Sima Qian lived in. It was an era that advocated enterprising spirit, and this era also promoted the progress of human civilization. The liberation of ideas promoted creativity and began to notice "In relation to "people", Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty once said: "The good words of heaven must be conquered by others, and the good words of the past must be proven in the present." It has very distinctive characteristics of the times.
Sima Qian is an epoch-making great figure. He integrates the relationship between heaven and man in his works. This kind of natural thinking deserves everyone’s attention. Although he suffered capital punishment, it is incomparable to ordinary people. Perseverance to complete this work.
No matter the past or the present, the relationship between "heaven" and "person" has always existed. The description of "Shen Shi" and so on all carry Sima Qian's indirection, in a sense interweaving the real world and the virtual world. Therefore, it is not difficult to find many mysterious records in the "Historical Records", and the unexplainable things are attributed to the gods. .
Of course these are the limitations of the times. Although history has a certain mystery, it is ultimately a product of the real world. The theory of gods is tantamount to violating objective history.the truth.
["Historical Records·Benji of Xiang Yu", "Historical Records·Benji of Five Emperors"]