As an extremely good politician in the Three Kingdoms period, Cao Cao was relatively open-minded in politics. He strengthened the centralization of power and restrained local tyranny. Regardless of his origin, he was based on merit. It seems that Cao Cao used meritocracy and broke. The concept of family family at that time. We must know that in the Han Dynasty, the selection of officials mainly looked at two points. The first point was the feudal moral character of the selected person, such as benevolence, righteousness, and filial piety. On the other hand, the noble family background was required. In order to maintain and develop the Cao Wei regime and allow more people to serve his cause, Cao Cao did not adopt the above-mentioned standard restrictions in selecting talents, but emphasized "only talents are used", as long as they are talented people, even if they lack feudal moral qualities. He is very likely to be promoted and appointed from a lower-level background. Therefore, starting in 210 AD, Cao Cao has issued three "orders for talents", which shows Cao Cao's desire for talents.
It’s strange that Cao Cao clearly hoped that meritocracy would employ more unfamiliar people, but in fact, Cao Pi later established the State of Wei The implementation of the Nine-Rank Zhongzheng system was actually making concessions for the wealthy and noble families, and also because of the concessions of Cao Wei. These wealthy and noble families supported Cao Wei to replace the Han clan and establish a new regime. This allowed Cao Pi to ascend the throne and proclaim the emperor and establish the Wei state. Since Cao Cao is obviously the only one, and he doesn't see himself, why the Cao Wei regime ultimately depends on the gentry?
In fact, Cao Cao’s purpose is not only Reuse the poor family, this is inherently unequal. When talking about meritocracy, people often think of Guo Jia, a devil with outstanding ability and a humble background, but in fact, there is no evidence that Guo Jia is from a poor family. At that time, Cao Cao had to practice meritocracy, mainly to correctIn the Han Dynasty, he did this to correct the practice of overemphasizing morality and ignoring talents in the process of selecting officials. After all, when morals are noble, there will be a lot of unhuman actions and moral people. , Not necessarily talented, but people who may have made a little mistake in the past are very likely to be very talented. And if you do big things with too much emphasis on morality, it is easy to stick to the form and ignore the actual benefits. In addition, morality cannot be measured in an objective and fair manner. After all, some people often use cheating methods in order to become officials in the DPRK, but this does not necessarily mean that these people have any talents. There is no relationship between them.
What's more, the reason why Cao Cao was able to rise at the end of the Han Dynasty was based on the gentry and tycoons at the beginning. Cao Cao confronted Yuan Shao back then In Guandu, Cao Cao later defeated Yuan Shao, won the battle of Guandu, and later unified the north, relying mainly on the Ruying scholars and Qiaopei warriors. Most of the Ruying scholars were gentry, such as Xunyi from Yingchuan Xun family. , Xunyou, Zhong Yao of the Zhong family of Yingchuan, and Chen Qun of the Chen family of Yingchuan. The Qiao Peiwu people are mostly born in local power and control the military power.
Cao Cao’s relatives are the Cao clan and Xiahou clan, and these two aristocratic clans have strong local strength. At that time, Cao Cao After raising the army, Xu Rong led the army to defeat. Cao Hong led more than a thousand soldiers from his hometown to Yangzhou to recruit troops, and Cao Ren took more than one thousand teenagers to Cao Cao. This was the rise of Cao Cao. Although Cao Cao's His grandfather was an eunuch, so he was looked down upon by the Qingliu scholar-officials at the time, but Cao Cao was definitely from a wealthy family at the time, not a so-called poor family. After all, Cao Cao's grandfather Cao Teng served as a servant of the middle office and the great Changqiu.Cao Teng’s younger brother, Cao Bao, served as Hejianxiang and Yingchuan prefect, Cao Cao’s father Cao Song served as the chief farmer and Taiwei, Cao Ren’s father, Cao Chi, served as Shizhong and Changshui captain, and Cao Xiu’s grandfather was Wu Jun’s prefect, and Cao Cao I was promoted Xiaolian at the age of twenty. How could such a family be considered a poor family?
The author believes that although Cao Cao is only talented Is to lift, not to see the body, but he does notIt's not that you want to reuse the poor and despise the rich. What Cao Cao hopes is actually the poor and the rich. What he sees is only the talent.