On December 7, 1941, the Japanese army raided the US Pearl Harbor. The Pacific War broke out. Because the US Pacific Fleet was paralyzed, the Japanese army had the upper hand. On May 5, 1942, the Japanese base camp ordered the capture of the midway. Island and the western islands of the Aleutian Islands.
You may have heard of Midway Island, where are the Aleutian Islands? This place stretches westward from the Alaska Peninsula to the Kamchatka Peninsula. The vast majority of it now belongs to Alaska, USA. Only the extreme west belongs to Russia. This place is on the shortest road from Japan and the Far East to North America and Northern Europe. The strategic location of the closest place between the United States and Russia is very important.
At the top of the northwest of the Aleutian Islands is Atu Island, the most fringe island in the United States. The island has many harbors and is in a dangerous situation. It is a natural ship anchorage, and the purpose of the Japanese army is here.
On June 6, 1942, the Japanese landing troops landed on Kiska (1250 troops) and on the 7th at Attu Island (1200 troops). As the Japanese troops succeeded in assaults, they occupied this area without much resistance. Two places.
And what about the Americans? Although the Americans made mistakes in protecting Aleutian, it does not mean that the Americans did not know the importance of this place, as early as 194In November 1st, the US Army Colonel Lawrence Kastner formed a very special force, which can still be fully equipped with the least equipment in the harsh environment of Alaska.
Kastner selected 66 men who are good at surviving the harsh environment in the wild in Alaska, including Aleutians (local natives), Eskimos, Native Americans, and Klondike gold rush Pioneer prospectors, hunters, and fishermen in China, because this unit is very special, they are quite free, and they don't even need to wear uniforms. Colonel Castner also gave this unit the alias of "murderer".
So, this force is called "Kastner's Murderer" and also known as "Alaska Scout".
Is this force working? It can be said to be very useful! In the Japanese army When the two islands were occupied, this unit was in charge of reconnaissance. It also helped the US military plan to carry out amphibious operations on the Japanese-occupied Aleutian Islands. When the US counterattacked (1943), they were the guide and messenger of the US military. Many U.S. troops are not extremely grateful for the "Kastner's Murderer" for protecting their lives and providing food from the inclement weather.
This is the U.S. version of the "Armed Forces Behind Enemy Lines."
They say they are omnipotent. In 1942, "Kastner’s Murderer "Building a dam on a lagoon and draining all the lake water, and turning the bottom of the lake into a temporary runway, enabled engineers to successfully build an airport, enabling the U.S. Air Force’s combat capabilities to be better utilized.
In August 1943, "Kastner's Murderer" participated in the "Operation Cottage" (successfully retaken by the JapaneseThe last Aleutian island occupied: the Kiska Island operation), the former fisherman and member Sergeant Clyde Peterson discovered from the call of the fox that the Japanese army had retreated, reducing the accidental injuries of the friendly forces.
The standard equipment of this unit is a "trap hunter" Nelson backpack, a hunting knife, a .22 LR caliber pistol and a sniper rifle. They can climb over the mountains and even ride alone. The canoes shuttle between the islands. They hardly need supplies. They can survive by fishing for salmon and hunting on the spot.
The last three surviving members of the force (2008)
In 1947, this unique force was disbanded because the "Kastner Murderer" had performed a reconnaissance mission in Adak, Alaska. At their landing site, there is a memorial to commemorate their deeds.