In a small Han tomb in Qingxian County, a weird square brick was unearthed. Originally, the excavation of bricks from the tomb was just a normal thing. However, the content of the bricks puzzled the experts. What exactly did the experts find? What secrets will be revealed behind the tiles? If you want to know, let the editor reveal the secret for you:
(All the pictures in this article, all from the Internet, thank the original author, if you infringe your rights, please contact the author of this number to delete. The pictures have nothing to do with the content, please do not check the number)
Hebeiqing, 1986 Villagers in Dashaozhuang Village, Liuhe Township, County, get up early, wanting to take advantage of the opportunity of the heavy rain to wet the land last night and dig some wet mud to make their own walls. When he came in a donkey cartWhen he arrived at the digging site, he began to shovel the soil into the car, digging and digging. He felt that the head of the shovel was hard, as if it had dug a "stone". The hard object that was dug out turned out to be a clay pot. The villager's culture is very low, but he also knows that the artifact is an antique. The villagers felt that the situation was serious, so they hurried back to the village and informed the local cultural relics department by phone. The cultural relics department attached great importance to it, and quickly dispatched an expert team to Dashaozhuang Village for protective excavations.
During the excavation process, the experts determined this It is a small group of ancient tombs of the Han Dynasty and named it "Da Shaozhuang Han Tomb". The tombs are mostly small-scale tombs, and nearly 100 pieces of Han Dynasty pottery and 34 pieces of Han Dynasty five baht coins have been unearthed.
In addition, the experts also found painted tomb walls in tomb No. 1, especially one of the square bricks is more interesting. I saw that the square brick was rectangular, with a white painted bottom on the side, a vermilion frame, and two swimming fishes drawn inside the frame. The swimming fish is shaped like a hook with ink lines, and the eyes and scales are decorated with vermilion colors. Such a weird pattern makes the experts like falling into the clouds, wondering what it means!
Through the research of the bricks, the experts determined that Fang The "liyu" in the so-called "can eat fish" on the brick is exactly what we call carp, and "chee" means "eat". At this time, some experts speculated that the reason why the square tiles showed the carp pattern was nothing more than the "presentation of the future generations to the owner of the tomb."Sacrifice” to show the filial piety of future generations.
However, this argument has been opposed by other experts. The opponents believe that carp has a strong symbolic significance in ancient times, which is the same as the worship of peony in the Tang Dynasty. People have always regarded carp as the representative of "rich, honor and glory." Because of this, experts believe that the carp on the brick is a wish of the tomb owner. This brick can protect the tomb owner from being rich and honorable in the underground for a long time and be able to eat it at all times. To the carp.
But these two mysteries to the carp It’s difficult for the two groups of experts to convince each other, so the experts proposed a solicitation plan to the people in an attempt to unravel the mystery.
On the second day after the news was posted, a poet brought From an ancient bookTo the museum. The poet claimed to be able to unravel the mystery of the carp and hand the ancient book to the expert. After the experts opened the book, they saw a poem written on the bookmark page. The poem was "Drinking Horses in the Great Wall Grottoes" from the Han Dynasty.
The poem expresses the author’s longing for her husband on a journey The sentiment, and the tragic and touching words, make readers feel sour in his eyes. It is worth noting that there is also a sentence about carp in the poem, saying, "The guest comes from afar, leaving me with a double carp. If you cook a carp, there is a ruler book in it. What does it mean to read a book on a long knee? Supper, let's make a long recollection.".
It roughly means that women often miss their husbands, and those who travel with her husband bring two for the woman from a distance.Carp. While cooking the carp, the woman's son found the ruler book inside the carp's belly. The woman hurriedly took it to read it and found that the content was that her husband told her to eat more and take care of her body. He would always miss himself! (The word "xia" in the text actually means "underground", indicating that the husband has died)
After reading this Han Dynasty poem, the experts understood the truth. It turns out that the carp is a distant greeting to the dead, and it is also the last blessing for farewell.
It can be seen that the "carp bricks" unearthed from the Han tomb of Dashaozhuang are just greetings from the living to the dead. The willingness to enjoy delicious food is not the most important thing, but the "carp bricks" are deeper Means endless mourning for the dead!
The charm of archaeology is here. It can not only restore history, but also restore the thoughts of the ancients. It is not an exaggeration to say that it is a golden key to open the door of history.