Speaking of Xu Shichang, it is no exaggeration to say that he was the wisest politician in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China.President Nian, the road of life is completely in his own hands, with a degree of advancement and retreat, and brilliant.
Xu Shichang’s life is a glorious life, a life of wisdom, and a life of self-knowledge.
Xu Shichang was born in Weihui Mansion, Henan Province in the fifth year of Xianfeng (1855).
Prominence will never be for nothing, and Xu Shichang is no exception. According to historical records, Xu Shichang lost his father when he was young, and his mother was very strict.
How strict is the mother’s education?
In Xu Shichang tenAfter years of age, every time he makes a friend, his mother must check the character of the person. If he is really a talent, treat him with good food, otherwise he will immediately reprimand him and stop him from interacting.
Of course, this is just a case of mother educating Xu Shichang, But from this incident, it can be seen from the side that Xu Shichang’s mother is of high level, and the young Xu Shichang has benefited a lot and laid a solid foundation for future success.
Xu Shichang’s subsequent success resides in two words, "stable" and "live".
In the twelfth year of Guangxu (1886), Xu Shichang went to the Imperial Academy for editing after being a scholar. Don’t underestimate this editing, which is equivalent to the current central policy Although the office of the research office is a seventh-rank official, as a Beijing official, he has the advantage of being close to the upper-level figures.
Don’t think that Xu Shichang was so prosperous in the Imperial Academy. In fact, it’s completely the opposite. Xu Shichang worked in the Imperial Academy for nine years, even though he was a military and political celebrity at that time.Zhang Zhidong and Li Hongzao were their teachers, but Xu Shichang didn't seem to seize the opportunity, otherwise he would not have been on the bench for nine years.
The key is that Xu Shichang’s cold bench can sit on. During this period, many people persuaded him to release the prefectures and counties, but Xu Shichang refused one by one.
A person’s life can last for several nine years, but Xu Shichang has made these nine-year cold benches very colorful, that is, outside In the eyes of people, Xu Shichang was very unhappy in the past nine years, but in Xu Shichang’s personal opinion, there was no delay in the past nine years.
Because in these nine years, no Desperate for quick success and quick success, Xu Shichang made friends with officials and laid the foundation for the future relationship, and at the same time studied hard and cared about current affairs.
In other words, Xu Shichang is always ready to go.
Reorganize Xu Shichang’s thinking again. There are two points. The first isRequire oneself to have real talents; the second is to use the platform of the Imperial Academy to build relationships.
These two points seem to be the last word for success no matter when.
But it’s really not easy to be a cold bench for nine years.
Xu Shichang is too "stable" and has truly kept a low profile.
In the past nine years, Xu Shichang only seized one opportunity, and that was to introduce Yuan Shikai to Li Hongzao. Through Li Hongzao, Yuan Shikai was appreciated by Li Hongzhang.
Li Hongzhang recommended Yuan Shikai Supervising the training of the new army, "small station training" became the starting point for Yuan Shikai’s development.
At the same time, it also became a turning point for Xu Shichang’s career development.
In 1897, when Xu Shichang sat on the bench until his tenth year, because of Yuan Shikai who he recommended, his political career ushered in a real turning point.
Yuan Shikaixiang The court memorial asked Xu Shichang to also supervise the General Office of the General Staff and Battalion Office of the New Army’s General Staff (equivalent to the Secretary-General and Chief of Staff). Moreover, he acted for Yuan Shikai when he was absent, and has since become Yuan Shikai’s effective think tank.
Yuan Shikai can be described as a man in troubled times, why did he follow Xu Shichang’s words like this?
Because Xu Shichang is indeed too smart. Both things allowed Yuan Shikai to escape from the dead and become a winner.
One thing was when Supervisor Yuan Shikai was practicing marching because The indiscriminate killing of innocents and the deduction of military pay were reported. At this time, Xu Shichang fully utilized the relationship energy accumulated by the Hanlin Academy as a cold bench. Through the personal relationship with the Supervisor Chen Kuilong and the list of scholars, he secretly unblocked the intercession, and turned Yuan Shikai into full play. The catastrophe disappeared invisible.
Yuan Shikai, who has escaped a disaster, is naturally grateful, and he has a high degree of trust and respect for Xu Shichang, he listens to his words, and is called a teacher.
Another thing is well known. At the crucial moment of the Reform Movement of 1898, Guangxu and Kang Youwei approached Yuan Shikai for help and prepared to imprison Empress Dowager Cixi. At this time Xu Shichang came up with another idea, and Yuan Shikai immediately informed Rong Lu. Since then, the two have been favored by the Empress Dowager Cixi, and they have been on the same footing.
Later, Xu Shichang disapproved of Yuan Shikai’s claim to emperor, the two parted ways, Xu Shichang retired.
Later, after Yuan Shikai's death, in the seventh year of the Republic of China (1918), when the second president of the Republic of China was elected, due to the stalemate between Duan Qirui and Feng Guozhang, Xu Shichang became the "ideal candidate" and became the president.
In the eleventh year of the Republic of China (1922), the Great War of Zhifeng broke out and Xu Shichang was forced into the palaceEnded five years of presidential career.
Looking at Xu Shichang’s road to success, one is to endure loneliness, the second is to continuously strengthen learning, and the third is to build a good relationship.
There are these three, so there is no chance.