The Southern Song Dynasty, that period of humiliation, created a large number of patriotic poets in the poetry circle at that time, such as Lu You, Xin Qiji, Wen Tianxiang, etc. The most famous of these was Lu You.
Although Lu You is a literati, he is not willing to be a pedantic "nerd". He once set up the great ambition of "getting on horses and fighting madhu, dismounting from the cursive army", and also fulfilled his oath with practical actions.
As soon as Xiaozong of the Southern Song Dynasty came to the throne, Lu You immediately proposed to him to restore the Central Plains to the north, which greatly appreciated Xiaozong. At that time, the atmosphere of the court's main battle was growing. In the second year of Longxing, Zhang Jun’s "Battle of Fu Li" was defeated, allowing the "Zhuhe faction" to seize the handle, and Xiaozong began to doubt his decision. Zhang Jun was immediately dismissed and Lu You was also implicated. He was dismissed from office, but his patriotic enthusiasm has not diminished in the slightest.
For eight years on the road, Lu You joined the Sichuan Xuanfu envoy Wang Yan and started his career in the army for more than eight months. Wearing a military uniform, he went to the front and galloped on the northwest frontier with high morale. He inspected the local mountain and river situation and folk customs, and actively proposed to Wang Yan the strategic idea of "using Guanzhong as the root". However, the Southern Song Dynasty did not support him. The plan of this Northern Expedition led to Lu You’s claim to regain the Central PlainsIt became a bubble and was deposed by the court and returned to his hometown.
AD 1186 At this time, Lu You was already sixty-one years old, and this was the age for which time did not wait. Lu You, who had been dismissed for six years, lived in Shanyin, his hometown with an empty title. He recalled his life, seeing the broken mountains and rivers, the turmoil of the country, the villain’s misunderstanding of the country, and "the scholar has no landAllegiance to solitary loyalty", so the poet's feelings of anger and anger spurted out, and he wrote the most grief and indignation of the Southern Song Dynasty, "Five Poems of Book Indignation", which is deeply moving, and I will interpret one of them today.
Five Poems of Indignation·One of them
[Song] Lu You
At an early age, he knew the difficulties of the world, and the Central Plains looked like a mountain to the north.
Lou Chuan Yexueguazhou Ferry , The iron horse falls into the autumn wind.
Screw on the Great Wall and promise yourself that the temples are fading in the mirror.
Is a real name, who is worthy of a thousand years!p>
￼￼￼￼￼￼￼ The first four sentences of Lu You's "Five Poems of Book Indignation, Part One" seem to be a vernacular narrative, which is about his determination to regain the Central Plains when he was young. The last four sentences express the sigh of his hard-to-pay and sixtieth birthday. We read through them. The whole poem, it can be said that there is an "angry" in every sentence, and the poem with anger is even more angry. The most ingenious thing in this poem is the use of three contrasts:
One is reality and The contrast between the ideals, I hoped that everyone would work together to resist the Golden Soldiers, but the reality is that I was squeezed out and could not continue the war. I wrote the grief and anger that the desire to restore the Central Plains could not be realized.
The second place is my early years. The image of "the Central Plains looks like a mountain from the north" is compared with the image of "the temples are first spotted in the mirror" in his later years, showing that I want toRecovering the Central Plains has repeatedly suffered the grief of squeezing out.
Three places use the story of Zhuge Liang's Northern Expedition, which is compared with the present Southern Song Dynasty court's compromise and non-resistance. Based on the past and present, the praise and criticism are clearly distinguished, and they express the grief and anger of "hate iron cannot make steel".
The whole poem Feelings are somber and full of vibes. Shanren believes that this poem is only 56 words short, but it isKnown as the most famous poems in the world of poetry, it is because of Lu You's personal experience that it is amazing. This is unmatched by those flattering poems. What do you think of this poem? You can speak below!