Friends who are familiar with Chinese opera all know that Mei Lanfang’s original name is Mei Lan. "Lanfang" is just his stage name, but many people don’t know that Mr. Mei was originally called "Xiqun" Niu Zihou, the richest man in the Northeast, changed his name to "Lanfang" and became a hit in Tianjin.
Niu Zihou is actually Mei Lanfang’s "principal" or boss, because Mei Lanfang is from the Peking Opera class "Xi Liancheng (later Changed to Fu Liancheng)” came out. However, compared to cultivating many famous actors such as Mei Lanfang, Niu Zihou's most legendary thing is to build a huge business empire from the northeast to Beijing, and become the god of wealth for Li Yuanhong, Duan Qirui and Zhang Zuolin.
Although the Niu family originated in Jilin, it was a Shanxi merchant through and through. Jilin City was formerly known as the "Shipyard" and was guarded against Russia in the early Qing Dynasty It was named after the establishment of a shipyard here. During the Kangxi period, General Ningguta moved the shipyard to another place and changed its name to "Jilin Wula". This is the origin of Jilin, and the Niu family is also called the "Shipyard Niu Family". .
Since the Qing Dynasty, Shanxi's environment has been severely damaged and natural disasters have been extremely frequent. Niu Zihou’s great-grandfather, Niu Jinyu, took the whole family on the road of “breaking through the Guandong” in order to survive. Outside the customs, but looking at the Baishan and Heishui where "ten thousand trees stand in line, you can't see the sky", Niu Jinyu does not know where to settle.
According to the descendants of the Niu family Said, fortunately, an old Taoist instructed them to settle down where there was a calf going to the house. The cow family went all the way to the north, and by chance, on the edge of the Songhua River in Jilin, they saw a family downstream from the Songhua River who tied the calf to the house. On the big elm tree behind, it looks like standing on a house from a distance.
So Niu Jinyu opened up wasteland and farmed here. Thanks to the hard work of the husband and wife, the Niu family quickly gained a foothold. As the two sons grew older The labor force in the family became surplus. Niu Jinyu heard that digging mountain ginseng can make a lot of money, so he partnered with the neighbors to dig ginseng.
Because of inexperience, besides, After hundreds of years of digging, mountain ginseng is no longer easy to dig. But in the process of searching for ginseng, NiuJinyu found out that gold mining was more profitable, so she changed careers decisively. They scoured out sand gold using local methods, melted it into gold bars and sold them inside the customs. On the return trip, his son Niu Shengyun will buy back a lot of daily necessities in Tianjin and other places.
After several years of accumulation in both industry and business, Niu’s business has grown bigger and bigger, and finally established the famous "Yuan Shengqing" in Jiaqing six years ago. Under the care of his son Niu Shengyun and grandson Niu Hualin, Yuan Shengqing's business spread throughout the Northeast, becoming the "Four Great Northern Families" as famous as the Kang family in Shanxi, Lang family in Shenyang, and Liu family in Hebei.
When Niu Hualin died, although Niu Zihou was only 15 years old, he boldly reformed, gradually shifting Niu’s business from tobacco and mountain products to silk, cloth, and Chinese herbal medicine. In the early years of the Republic of China, Niu Zihou gradually shifted his business network from outside the pass to inside the pass, and soon a "Shanxi Gang" centered on Beiping was formed.
In the 10th year of the Republic of China, Niu Zihou had more than ten shops in Beiping, such as Hengshengyuan selling silk and satin, and Hengshengchang tobacco and hemp shop selling tobacco. Heng Shengxi who sells clothes, Hengshengtang who sells herbs, and Hengshengrun who sells jade and antiques, but he is still the only one who makes money.The Qianmen Bank Hengshengyuan.
Niu Zihou’s bank not only cashes various banknotes issued by the Feng, Zhi, and Anhui warlords, but also operates foreign bank currencies, especially Japanese and Russian banks. most. All warlords and politicians in Beiyang depend on Niu Zihou to raise military expenditures. Niu's bank's credibility is even comparable to that of the three provinces of the East.
Niu Zi has long sleeves and is good at dancing. He has been walking in the political and business circles for a long time and provided favorable support for him to monopolize the financial industry in Northeast and Beiping, but the closer he gets to politics The greater the risk. Before the October Revolution, Niu Zihou had to put the business to his eldest son because he stocked up a large amount of Tsarist Russia-issued banknotes-Qiang Tie, which was so badly damaged.
Niu Zihou was born in a wealthy family. He has a lot of hobbies, including photography, gardening, clocks, and fortune-telling. He especially likes Peking Opera, so he invested in the creation of "Xi Lian Cheng ". When Mei Lanfang went to Jilin to perform as the first scientist of Xiliancheng, Niu Zihou changed his stage name from "Xiqun" to "Lanfang". When Mei Lanfang went back to Beijing, she passed through Tianjin. The first time she performed with "Lanfang" was an instant hit, so Mr. Mei has a deep understanding of the Niu family.Thick feelings.
After September 18th, Japan occupied Tohoku wanted to win over the Niu family, but Niu Zihou would rather pay the debt than help the Japanese make money, and the business went bankrupt. Niu Zihou lived in Beiping in his later years. After hearing the news, Mei Lanfang invited famous actors from Peking to perform for three days and bought the two houses of Yin and Yang for him. Niu Zihou died of illness in 1943Yu Beiping was 77 years old.