Since ancient times, the distinction between rewards and punishments has been the basic principle of the army to motivate morale, maintain discipline, and improve cohesion and action. After winning a battle, it is natural to be rewarded by meritorious deeds, and to be promoted or promoted. If you lose a battle, you must be held accountable and engage in military law. However, in the long history of warfare, this principle has not always been implemented invariably, and it is not uncommon for them to be guilty of defeat or victory. War in the PacificIn the Japanese navy, there have been strange incidents in which the commander won a big victory but was criticized and abandoned his post. This has to be discussed from the Battle of Guadalcanal.
In November 1942, the Japanese army had lost the initiative in the battlefield of Guadalcanal. The Japanese supply line was almost cut off under the attack of the sea and air by the US army. Supplies are urgently needed. In order to rescue the Guadalcan troops, the Japanese Navy sent 8 destroyers to the island on November 29, under the command of Major General Raizo Tanaka, the commander of the Second Mine Team. Two destroyers served as guards, carrying spare torpedoes, and the other 6 ships. Destroyers carry iron barrels with supplies, only torpedoes fired at once. The fleet is expected to return quickly after dropping iron barrels in the waters near Tassafaronga on the island of Guadalcanal on the night of November 30, and the island troops will retrieve the iron barrels by themselves. Tanaka is opposed to the use of destroyers for transportation missions, and he is also very worried about the threat of US aircraft.Threatened, but under the strict orders of the superiors, he could only risk his head and venture there. However, he instructed his subordinates on the way to ignore the supplies if they were intercepted by the US army, and to eliminate enemy ships as the priority goal, which paved the way for his later fate.
■ Rear Admiral Tanaka Raizo, commander of the Second Mine Team of the Japanese Navy.
What are you afraid of?What's the matter? The Japanese army just left here, and the looting team from the US army also started. By deciphering the Japanese telegram, the US military mastered the actions of the Japanese. The 67th Task Force led by Major General Carlton Wright attacked almost simultaneously, preparing to intercept the Japanese fleet. Wright has 4 heavy cruisers, 1 light cruiser, and 6 destroyers. In terms of number, the US military has an 11:8 advantage, and there are 5 cruisers, while the Japanese only has destroyers; the US military has a large caliber over 127 mm in firepower. There are as many as 52 naval guns, and the largest tube of the Japanese army is only 127mm; some US warships are also equipped with new types of radar, which can detect opponents at longer distances, while the Japanese army can observe them with the naked eye. In comparison between the two, the U.S. military can be said to have the advantage, with the magic weapon in hand, according to normal logic, it is the rhythm of rubbing the little devil on the ground, but there is always a gap between theory and practice.
■ The flagship of the 67th Special Task Force of the US "Minneapolis" heavy cruiser was hit hard in the Battle of Tassafaronga.
In the middle of the night of November 30th, the Japanese and American fleets met in a narrow road in Tiediwan. Tanaka was more cautious and sent a destroyer forward to explore the way and guard, and the other ships were divided into two teams to throw iron barrels near the coast. For this reason, they were exposed to the US radar first. Alas, the U.S. ArmyThe Major General has only been in office for two days. He has insufficient experience and hesitated. He missed the opportunity because he did not approve the vanguard destroyer to launch the torpedo first. As a result, the Japanese army also found the opponent, Tanaka did not hesitate for a moment, and immediately ordered to stop the supply operations and prepare for battle. On the other side, Wright finally ordered the guns to fire, and concentrated the firepower to crush the Japanese outpost destroyer. Tanaka looked at the gunfire in the distance and knew that the American guys are thick and thick, and the artillery must be at a loss, but our torpedo is thicker than the American army. So the order: Sa Lei quickly retreat!
■A painting depicting Japanese destroyers attacking during the Battle of Tassafaronga.
The Japanese flagship took the lead in turning to mine, and the other ships also turned around one after another, using the flash of the US military's muzzle as the aim point, and all the torpedoes were shot out. For a time, more than 40 torpedoes of the 93-type torpedo rushed toward the US military from different directions, and the Iron Bottom Bay suddenly saw traces of thunder. The happily fighting U.S. fleet did not expect the Japanese counterattack to come so swiftly and concealedly. The four heavy cruisers continued to eat thunder and their firepower dropped sharply! Tanaka took advantage of this time to retreat at full speed and found that there was no news from the outpost destroyer halfway, so he sent two more destroyers that had all torpedoed out to rescue them, but failed. Except for the avant-garde destroyers, the remaining 7 destroyers returned without scratching their skins. In contrast, the U.S. military patrolled one and suffered three wounds, and hundreds of people were killed.It was a heavy setback, and Tanaka succeeded in counterattack with inferior forces, which was a big victory.
■The powerful Type 93 oxygen torpedo approached the US heavy cruiser from underwater.
■The middle of the USS "Pensacola" heavy cruiser was bombed with a large hole in the middle of the hull of the Japanese torpedo.
It is said that such a record was achieved and placed on any fleet commander. If you don’t issue a medal or something, there will always be a few words of encouragement. I didn’t expect that the combat summary meeting held by the Japanese army turned into a criticism meeting against Tanaka. The representative of the base camp first challenged: Mr. Tanaka, let you go to the army Brother sent food, but you brought it all back. The army is still hungry. What is the use of sinking a few US ships? The mission failed.,Bad review! Then, the commander and captain of the destroying team under Tanaka also began to complain: Commander, you must turn around first when the war starts, let our buddies do it alone, not really authentic! And your flagship is the only ship that still has torpedoes, but it seems unreasonable to let us return to the war zone for rescue. In the end, a group of two stunned staff members jumped out and shouted: Since the Sino-Japanese War, the flagship leadership has been the tradition of the Imperial Navy, but Tanaka placed the flagship in the center of the array. It broke the rules. It was a timid expression and a shame of the Navy!
■The USS New Orleans heavy cruiser was "beheaded" by a Japanese torpedo and lost All the bows.
Tanaka really did not expect that after a big victory, he would be criticized from above and below! I felt aggrieved and helpless, who made the navy behave! It didn’t take long for Tanaka to rate the destroyer to transport food to Guadalcanal, but it failed. The flagship was sunk by a US torpedo boat. Tanaka climbed up to Guadalcanal like a dog in the water, but the food was still not delivered. Tianhou was taken back, and then sent back to the rear by a transfer order to take up a land position, and never returned to the sea.
Many later generations felt unfair about Tanaka's experience, but Tanaka In terms of the battle of Tassafaronga, it was actually killing two birds with one stone., Not only left his name in the battle history, but was also reprimanded for his unconventional style of play, was transferred back to the rear, and finally lived safely after the war. You know, the two commanders of the Second Water War after Tanaka were all "loyal to the Emperor" in the naval battle! The U.S. military praised Tanaka Yoshizo, but Tanaka said modestly: I just gave the order and the victory should be attributed to the subordinates.
■ TianNaka Lai San is so famous in World War I that he appears as a legendary captain in a certain naval online game.
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