With regard to wine, each dynasty and each generation has formulated relevant wine policies according to different national conditions, and each dynasty and each generation also has a strategy to prohibit alcohol...
China is a country with a very long history of wine culture. Wine was invented more than 4,000 years ago and has a rich wine culture. Li Bai’s "Hundred Poems on Wine Fighting", Cao Cao’s "Singing for Wine, Life Geometry", Wu Song’s "Borrowing Wine to Fight Tigers", "Drunk Fighting Jiang Menshen", the story of Liu Lingzui, the story of the Eight Immortals, even Monkey King's trouble in the Heavenly Palace is also inseparable from making trouble after drinking. However, since the moment of the invention of wine, the ruler began "prohibition", drinking and prohibition, almost became a pair of twin brothers.
Dayu prohibits alcohol, and it is predicted that there will be people who will subdue the country with wine in the future
Dayu was the founding monarch of the Xia Dynasty. Dayu is a holy lord who has made great contributions to the Chinese nation , Was made emperor by Shun Chan. Dayu governed the waters and became a spiritual symbol of the Chinese nation’s indomitability.
There was a man named Yidi in Dayu who was good at making wine. Dayu’s daughter ordered Yidi Make a good wine and give it to Dayu to taste. After Dayu drank it, he felt that the taste of the wine was really beautiful. Just when everyone thought Dayu would praise his daughter and Yidi, DayuBut without saying a word, he alienated Yidi. The historical record of Dayu "wonderful decree of wine", and predicted that "the future generations will surely destroy his country with wine.". Dayu's "extremely decree" was the first to refrain from drinking and played a role as a model leader. Its significance was to persuade others to drink less or not. Although this glass of wine was luscious, it was probably the wine of subjugation.
Unfortunately, the prophecy of Dayu came true, and later generationsPeople who died of alcohol or their country died of alcohol abound. The Xia Dynasty founded by Dayu was killed by his unscrupulous son Xia Jie because of alcohol. Jie made the wine pond in the meat forest, favored the sister, and was defeated by Shang Tang in the sound of wine; and Shang Zhou, the descendant of Shang Tang, also made the same mistake as Xia Jie, and was successfully defeated by the Zhou Wu Wang, the descendant of Zhou Wu Wang Zhou You Wang, who also made the same mistake as Jie Zhou, favored the beauties to praise Si, and Romance appeared in a farce of beacon and princes, which led to the demise of the Western Zhou Dynasty in the sound of wine. This is true of the country, and so are the people. During the war between Chu and Jin, the generals of Chu State drank their sorrows after defeat in the war, and were slashed by King Chu Gong; Guan Yu lost Jingzhou carelessly and forced Zhang Fei to avenge his second brother. After drinking, he ordered Fan Qiang and Zhang Da to make three thousand white helmets and white armors. , The two killed Zhang Fei who fell asleep after drinking for fear of missing the construction period. The Empress Dowager Cixi of the Qing Dynasty got her first car. Her driver, Sun Fuling, drove after drinking and rolled to death passersby, becoming the first person in China to drink and drive. These bloodLinlin's lessons all warned people and proved that Dayu's prediction was extremely correct.
Zhou Gong banned alcohol and issued the first prohibition declaration
Shang extinguished Xia and Zhou extinguished Shang. After history entered the Zhou Dynasty, Zhou Gong saw that both Xia and Shang dynasties were destroyed by alcohol. Believing that wine is an ominous thing, a great chaos and loss of virtue, so the "Liquor God" was formulated and the first official "Prohibition Order" was issued in the history of our country. The background of the release of "Jiu Gao" was that Zhou Gongdan's younger brother Kang Shu was going to take office in a guarded place. Zhou Gongdan asked him to pay attention to prohibition and learn from the lessons of the Shang Dynasty's death due to alcohol. Zhou Gong discussed the following points in "Jiu Gao": First, the subjects committed chaos, lost their morals, and the vassal kingdoms were subjugated. Most of them were related to alcoholism; second, they could drink when offering sacrifices to the world, gods, and ancestors; third, filial piety to the monarch. Parents and elder brothers can use wine. The nine characters of "no Yi wine, drinking in groups, and abstaining from Burmese wine" in "Jiu Gao" have become the ban on alcohol in later generations.Classic quotations.
Zhou Gong’s attitude towards wine can be seen from "Jiu Gao" Yi mainly adopts a persuasive attitude. "No Yi wine" means not drinking often. Yi means always. If you don’t drink often, that means you can drink occasionally; if you drink in groups, it’s forbidden to drink in a crowd, which means you drink alone at home and no one cares about you. Quitting Burmese means you have to drink.Moderate, don't drink too much. Drinking one or two small wines is good health, and drinking one pound of big wine will hurt the liver and kill you.
Zhou Gong’s attitude towards wine is objective and restrained. He did not completely prohibit alcohol, but instead called on people to drink in moderation. This is similar to modern people's attitude towards wine.
The emperor’s prohibition of alcohol, each of its unique tricks has miraculous effects.
All dynasties and generations have their own tricks of prohibition. The emperor had nothing more than three measures for the liquor administration: prohibition, alcohol and tax alcohol. Prohibition of alcohol is the prohibition of the production, circulation and consumption of alcohol to save food for the country. Grain is for eating, not for drinking. This is generally used in famine years and war years when there is a shortage of food; wine is the state's alcohol monopoly system, and all the profits of the wine go to the state's finances, and people are not allowed to borrow wine to make money. This is generally because the state is jealous when people see that there are man-made liquors that sell liquor to make a fortune; the taxation of liquor is better explained, the folks can make liquor and sell liquor, but they mustThe state pays very high taxes.
Therefore, each dynasty and each generation made different laws according to national conditions. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Qi Xiang Yanzi believed that wine could subdue the country, so Qi Jinggong banned alcohol throughout the country; the Qin Law stipulated that surplus grains were not allowed to make wine for the sake of war preparedness; Shang Yang reformed, the price of wine was ten times the cost. Taking advantage of high taxes and benefits, focusing on agriculture and restraining business; Han DynastyXiao He formulated the "Law of Han Dynasty", in which the "ban on group drinking" stipulated that "three or more people drink in groups for no reason, and a fine of four taels" was to maintain the national order in the early Han Dynasty; during the period of Emperor Wencheng of the Northern Wei Dynasty, people used it to obtain a good harvest. Many alcoholics appeared in surplus wine making. Tuoba Jun believed that alcoholism would cause "rich and perish the country", so he issued the strictest prohibition order in history: brewers, sellers, buyers, and drinking, all beheaded. Except for good or bad luck or welcoming guests; King Hailing of the Jin Dynasty stipulated that all officials should be sentenced to death if they drink alcohol during their work; the Yuan Dynasty stipulates that military officers beat other officials due to alcohol, and lower-level officials insult higher-level officials due to alcoholism. , Ordered farmers not to grow glutinous rice, blocking the source of winemaking.
Cao Cao and Liu Bei ban alcohol, each has a story about alcohol prohibition.
In history, alcohol prohibition was mostly due to the need to save food during famine years. Emperor Hanwen,Emperors such as Emperor Jing of Han, Emperor of Han He, Emperor of Han Shun, Emperor Wen of Song during the Southern and Northern Dynasties, Emperor Suzong of Tang Dynasty, Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty and other emperors all banned alcohol in the whole country or some regions due to natural disasters at that time. During the period of the Three Kingdoms, "the bones are exposed in the wild, and there are no chickens in thousands of miles." Cao Cao and Liu Bei both banned alcohol and published a story about alcohol prohibition.
Cao Cao likes to drink, otherwise he can’t write such good lines as "drinking a song, life is geometric", "how to relieve worries, only Dukang", but in the year of catastrophe, he still issued The very strict prohibition on alcohol, for Cao Cao’s prohibition, many civilian opponents, especially some literati who like to write poetry, so secretly drinking is not uncommon. In order to drink alcohol, people shy away from the word "wine wine as a sage and sake as a sage" and call white wine "sage" or "sage" to prevent being caught. "Opinion leader" Kong Rong openly opposed Cao's operation, and created "Difficult Cao Gong Table Wine Making Book" and handed it over to Cao Cao.Jiuquan is a place where wine is a star,” “You can’t be without wine since ancient times. The Great Han River depends on wine”, “The tyrant Jie and Zhou are all subjugated by sex, why don’t you just ban marriage too?” These anti-prohibition "criteria" are nothing. Considering that people’s livelihood was declining at that time, there was an urgent need to save food to feed their hunger. Kong Rong fought against prohibition against Cao Cao, but ultimately did not get a good result. Cao Cao used "to recruit disciples", "desire to be unruly", "slander the court" and "no "Zun Chaoyi" and other charges cut him off and implicated the whole family. He can no longer "the seats are often full and the glass is not empty".
Liu Bei, a hero who is as famous as Cao Cao, also banned alcohol in Shu. The prohibition of alcohol was more ruthless than Cao Cao, stipulating that possession of brewing utensils in the home is the same crime as wine. In order to persuade Liu Bei to cancel this excessive prohibition, Minister Jian Yong took some thought. Once he was traveling with Liu Bei, he met a pair of young people. Men and women, I suggest Liu Bei to arrest the young man. Liu Bei asked why he arrested people for no reason. Jian Yong replied that the young man wanted to behave against the woman. Liu Bei said he didn’t see it. Jian Yong replied: You see, this young man has all the tools of crime. Bring it out. The tool of crime referred to by Jian Yong refers to the thing under the crotch of the young man, and the reproductive organs that men have. Liu Bei suddenly realized that he canceled "the possession of brewing equipment is the same sin as wine", and released those who were caught because of it. Shu people.
In fact, wine is a great invention of mankind. It can be said that without wine, there would be no 100 poems by Li Bai, the invention of Zhang Xu's cursive script, and even such a splendid history. Wine is a good wine, depending on how to drink it and how to use it. If you are mad with alcohol, you should be beaten naturally. Alcohol prohibition in disaster years is a matter of course; drinking for celebration is human nature. Weddings and funerals, no alcohol and no feast; drunk driving, harm others and self. Looking at anecdotes about the ancient prohibition of alcohol, we should realize some truths. Taking history as a mirror is right.