According to Russian media reports, on July 7, Russian and French archaeologists found a tomb in the Lopatinsky Garden in Smolensk.
Judging from the unearthed remains, he is likely to be Napoleon's favorite general-Charles Etienne Gooding.
For two centuries, people have always wanted to know where he was buried inwhere.
In 1768, Guding was born in a military family in France. He entered the military service in 1782 and began his military career. Because of his outstanding military exploits, he was promoted all the way from ensign, lieutenant, battalion commander, and brigade commander.
He was promoted to brigadier general in 1799, and served as a division commander in 1800. In 1806, in the Prussian War, he participated in the battle of Jena-Olstedt and served in the French Marshal Davout’s He served as the commander of the division. Gooding performed very well in the battle and was favored by Napoleon.
In 1812, Napoleon, who dominated the European continent, led an army of 600,000 to attack Russia. Guding also followed Napoleon in the battle and served as the No. 1 Army Commander of the Three Infantry Division. In the Battle of Smolensk, the French defeatedAfter the Russian army, Guding was killed in the Battle of Valutino.
According to the memoirs of that year: During the battle, Guding Is preparing to lead troops across a stream. He felt that the goal from the bridge was too big, so he got off his horse and prepared to wade over. Unexpectedly, a cannonball would come and fall into the stream without any partiality,His two legs were blown off on the spot.
The subordinate hurriedly carried the seriously injured Guding back to Smolensk for treatment. The doctor amputated his injured leg to save him, but he died two days later.
It is said that the news reached Napoleon, and he stopped there for a while, and was so sad that he couldn't speak.
Napoleon later said: "In the face of this sad news, any victory is of no importance."
For a long time, Napoleon lamented Guding's death, he said: "Guding is fully qualified to receive the marshal's baton."
Later, the French army buried Guding near Smolensk.
However, due to the defeat of Napoleon’s army in Russia, only 30,000 of the 600,000 troops were left in a hurry. Those who participated in the burial of Guding died. During the war, the specific burial site of General Guding gradually disappeared in the long river of history.
Two centuries have passed and people are hoping to find the place where General Guding was buried. The only clue is the memoirs left by France, which records: General Guding "may be buried near the royal fortress in Smolensk" ".
That place was an ancient battlefield of the Russian-French War, and now it is the Lopatinsky Garden, a scenic spot in Smolensk.
This time, based on sporadic clues and a lot of investigation and research, the archaeological teams in Russia and France finally achieved major gains.
After the archaeologists have determined the scope of excavation, they first dig with a shovel and other tools, and then use a small shovel to dig little by little.
Finally, he was finally found buried in the tomb for 200 years, which was decayed Unbearable coffin.
Open the coffin, and a remains appears in front of people.
The left leg of the remains is missing , It was obviously cut off; and the right leg was also broken, but it was still attached to the body.
TheseThe characteristics are fully in line with the situation of General Guding before his death.
Of course, to determine the true identity of the remains, we must rely on DNA.
Russian archaeologists said: "General Guding has a direct descendant living in France. He has agreed to come to Moscow for DNA verification."
French archaeologists said: "Such asGuo's remains are confirmed to be General Guding, and hope to transport him back to France for burial, so that he can return to his hometown after two centuries of sleep in a foreign land. "