"Liu Bei borrowed Jingzhou, but did not repay it." This story roughly tells: Liu Bei borrowed Jingzhou from Sun Quan but then refused to repay it. So is Liu Bei really an old man? In fact, Liu Bei is an old man, but it is not Jingzhou but Nanjun that he relies on Sunquan. So why did Liu Bei borrow from Sun Quan to borrow from Nanjun but later turned into borrowing from Jingzhou?
During the Battle of Chibi, the military alliance formed by Liu Bei and Sun Quan defeated Cao Cao. After losing the battle, Cao Cao not only failed to realize his dream of unifying the South, but also lost Jingzhou, who had just won. Jingzhou was a large county in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. At that time, it had seven prefectures under its jurisdiction (Nanyang, Nanjun, Jiangxia, Public Security, Changsha, Lingling, Guiyang, and Wuling). It was a big prefecture second only to Yizhou in land area. After the Battle of Chibi, Nanjun was occupied by Sun Quan and Liu Bei. The four counties of Changsha, Lingling, Guiyang, and Wuling were occupied by Liu Bei's troops. At that time, Liu Bei's base camp was in the Public Security County.
After the Battle of Chibi, the issue of handling Jingzhou became the main issue between Sun Quan and Liu Bei. problem. Sun Quan contributed the most during the Battle of Chibi but received the least reward. On the other hand, Liu Bei made a fortune after the Battle of Chibi and his strength was stronger than before the war. However, the location of the Public Security County was unfavorable and control of the newly-occupied area, so Liu Bei asked Sun Quan to lend him Nanjun as governing Jingzhou.的government. Therefore, Liu Bei really borrowed Sun Quan from Nanjun instead of Jingzhou. Then why did Sun Quan ask Liu Bei for Jingzhou?
When Liu Bei borrowed Nanjun from Sun Quan, he was elected as Jingzhou pastor by people under his account. But can he be Stabilizing this Jingzhou Mu also depends on Sun Quan's face. So Liu Bei went to Soochow in person to meet with Sun Quan. This meeting with Liu Bei was a personal risk. Therefore, Liu Bei had never seen Sun Quan before, which means that Liu Bei had always been guarding against Sun Quan.right. At that time, Liu Bei was not strong enough. If Sun Quan did what Zhou Yu said, then there might be no three kingdoms standing together.
According to the "Three Kingdoms", Zhou Yu wrote to Sun Quan: "Liu Bei looks like a majestic man, and the generals about Yu and Zhang Fei must not be used for a long time. It is foolish to say that the big plan is to migrate. Prepare Wu and Sheng as the palace building room. Many beauties can play well to entertain their eyes and ears. They are divided into two people, and each has one side, so that those who like the Yu can hold and attack, and major events can be determined. Karma, gather these three people, all in the border area, fearing that the dragon will catch the clouds and rain, and eventually will not be in the pool." Zhou Yu believed that when Liu Bei took the initiative to meet this time, a god-given opportunity, Sun Quan should take the opportunity to put Liu Bei under house arrest. Liu Bei separated from Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, so that Liu Bei's forces would soon merge into Soochow. In response to Liu Bei’s request to borrow Nanjun, Zhou Yu specifically instructed Sun Quanwan not to support Liu Bei, otherwiseLater, he will lose control of Liu Bei.
It is recorded in "The Spring and Autumn of the Han Jin Dynasty" that at that time the minister of the Eastern Wu Dynasty Lu Fan also tried his best to persuade Sun Quan Liu Bei was detained, but in the end he was strongly opposed by Lu Su. Lu Su's view is "Cao Gong is very powerful. He first came to Jingzhou, and he hadn't negotiated with Enxin, so he should be prepared for it to calm him down. If you are an enemy, you can build a party and plan yourself." He thinks Sun Quan shouldWith the help of Liu Bei, he stabilized the situation in Jingzhou, and then supported Liu Bei to fight Cao Cao. Sun Quan's opinion and Lu Su lent Nan Jun to Liu Bei.
So Sun Quan just borrowed Nanjun to Liu Bei, so why did he approach Liu Bei confidently later What about Jingzhou? First of all, let’s say that Liu Bei established himself in Jingzhou under the support of Sun Quan. According to Lu Su’s plan for Sun Quan, Liu Bei is more like a vassal of Sun Quan than an independent vassal.Hou. Because Soochow's original intention was to let Liu Bei block Cao Cao for them, the main purpose of the alliance between the two sides was for Soochow's safety. Judging from Liu Bei's series of actions, he has no confidence in occupying Jingzhou without Sun Quan's support. That's why he personally negotiated with Sun Quan. "Three Kingdoms: Lu Su Biography" records: Prepare the capital to see power and ask the governor of Jingzhou. It can be seen that Liu Bei asked Sun Quan to be the governor of Jingzhou. The word please was enough to show Liu Bei’s lack of confidence at the time.
Since Liu Bei’s Jingzhou pastoralist was requested from Sun Quan, Sun Quan believed that Liu Bei was lent to Jingzhou instead of Nanjun The mentality is also understandable. And from the situation at the time, it can be seen that Sun Quan was able to occupy Jingzhou by himself. After the Battle of Chibi, Liu Bei's ability to easily take down the four counties of Jingzhou was also Sun Quan’s tacit approval to him. If Sun Quan interferes with Liu Bei, then Liu Bei’s strength will not be developed in a short time. So Sun Quan has always believed that he gave Jingzhou to Liu Bei, even though Liu Bei had laid down all the other sites in Nanjun.
In the 20th year of Jian’an, Liu Bei occupied Yizhou, and the relationship between Sun Quan and Liu Bei deteriorated to the extreme. At this time, Liu Bei’s influence Crossing the Jing and Yi states aroused Sun Quan’s anxiety and jealousy. He sent someone to ask Liu Bei for Jingzhou, but Liu Bei waited to get Liangzhou before returning to Jingzhou, causing Sun Quan to be furious. Sun Quan sent troops directly into Jingzhou to take the victory. Changsha, Lingling, and Guiyang counties. Liu Bei also mobilized troops to enter Jingzhou to intervene. Lu Su, who once advocated funding Liu Bei, fell into an awkward position. During this period, he and guarding JingzhouGuan Yu made representations. Lu Su went to the meeting single-handedly and reprimanded Guan Yu and said: "The national district originally used land to borrow the Qing family. The Qing family’s army was defeated far away, and there is no reason for it. Now I have benefited from Yizhou, and there is no intention to return it, but I want three counties. , Not obedient."
From Lu Su’s conversation with Guan Yu Look, Soochow did indeed ask Liu Bei to take all Jingzhou territoryalso. Later, the two sides negotiated with Xiangshui as the boundary, Changsha, Jiangxia, and Guiyang belonged to Sun Quan, and Nanjun, Lingling, and Wuling belonged to Liu Bei. Liu Bei's occupation of Yizhou was the cause of the evolution of Boran County into Borrowing Jingzhou, and it was also the fuse of the deterioration of the relationship between Sun and Liu.
Sun Quan must know that it is unrealistic to ask Liu Bei for Jingzhou. Liu Bei is not as strong as he used to be to compete with Soochow. But Liu Bei's annexation of Yizhou did make him both atmosphere and frightened. Because Zhou Yu had planned for Sun Quan to merge Yizhou into Soochow before his death, but unfortunately the plan was not implemented because Zhou Yu died young. Sun Quan once asked Liu Bei to attack Yizhou together, but Liu Bei declined Sun Quan on the grounds that Yizhou Mu Liu Zhang was the same clan. But what Sun Quan did not expect was that Liu Bei would brazenly conquer Yizhou with his own words. In anger, Sun Quan was deeply disturbed by Liu Bei's power across Jing and Yi. This was the consequence of his own tiger-raising. For the safety and expansion of Soochow, Sun Quan must weaken Liu Bei. If Soochow only had to go back to Nanjun, it would be far from reaching the goal of weakening Liu Bei. Sun Quan asked the lion to open his mouth to Liu Bei to ask for Jingzhou.
Sun Quan only knew that he could not fall out with Liu Bei without making peace with Cao Cao Yes, even though the two sides had been at war, they both conducted controlled military operations. In the end, he and Liu Bei still have to return to the negotiating table, so Sun Quan is the most openThe initial asking price cannot be too low, which will allow him to avoid having no room for maneuver in future negotiations. Therefore, Sun Quan must expand "borrowing Nanjun" to "borrowing Jingzhou", which not only retains the advantages in future negotiations, but also demonstrates Sun Quan's determination to ask Liu Bei for land.
Yu Naiyou Jing sees power and said: "Today Cao Cao has a new affair, Fang worry is in his heart, and he has not been able to get along with the generals and soldiers. Begging and Fenwei advance and win Shu. And Zhang Lu, because he stayed with Fenwei to hold on to his place, so that he could join forces with Ma Chao. Yu also and the general settled in Xiangyang to refuse to operate, and the north can be seen." "Three Kingdoms Wu Shu Zhou Yu Biography"
, Yizhou Mu Liu Zhanggang stayed calm, Zhou Yu, Gan Ning also persuaded the power to take Shu, the power to consult, the internal desire for self-regulation, it is a false report: "Bei and Zhangjiao are the clan, hope to rely on the heroic spirit to conquer the Han Dynasty . Jinzhang offends the left and right, prepares for fear alone, and is willing to widen the loan. If not requested, prepare for the releaseMountain forest. "Reserve Xituzhang, stay Guan Yushou, Quan said: "The cunning captive dare to cheat! ""The History of the Three Kingdoms, Wu Shu, and the Biography of Lu Su"
Reference: "The History of the Three Kingdoms"