Whether it is ancient, modern, or even modern, the presence of the British royal family is very high. Due to the combination of many factors, the United Kingdom has maintained its monarchy so far, and it is very stable , The dynasty ruling Britain today is called the "Windsor Dynasty".
The reason why the monarchy is very stable in the United Kingdom has to mention the founding king of the Windsor dynasty. He issued a decree during the First World War, which moved Thousands of British people have given the British royal family irreplaceable prestige and status in the hearts of British people.
The founding king of the Windsor Dynasty was George V.
George V was born in 1865 and was the former King Edward The second son of King VII and Queen Alexandra. At the time, his father Edward VII was still the crown prince and was named the Prince of Wales (the Prince of Wales is the exclusive title of the British Crown Prince). He also had a brother, Prince Albert, who was Third in line, but if Prince Albert goesLee succeeded to the throne after Edward VII, and he had children, the succession of George V will be pushed back.
George V and his elder brother, Prince Albert, are only one year apart. The two brothers have been educated together since they were young because George V knew that he was unlikely to inherit the throne. Therefore, he is not interested in politics, and is particularly fond of sailing. At the age of 18, he served as an officer in the British Navy. He personally piloted warships to the United States, Australia, South Africa and other places.
European royal families have always had a tradition of mutual marriage. In 1891, Britain and the Kingdom of Württemberg reached a political marriage. Prince Albert and Princess Mary were engaged. This Princess Mary was a stunning beauty. At that time, many princes in Europe wanted to marry She is his wife, including George V. When George V learned of the engagement of his brother and the lover of his dream, the relationship between him and his elder brother was broken.
But things developed beyond everyone’s expectations. One month after Prince Albert was engaged to Princess Mary, he suddenly died of pneumonia and died at Queen Victoria’sIt turned out that George V was engaged to Princess Mary, and the future sister-in-law became an unmarried wife. This roller coaster-style development was both joy and sadness for George V.
In 1893, 28-year-old George V and 26-year-old Princess Mary officially married. After marriage, they had five sons and one daughter, including King Edward VIII. , George VI.
By 1901, the 64-year-old Queen Victoria died, Edward King VII succeeded to the throne. Because Edward VII took his father’s surname and his father Prince Albert was from Germany, the Hanoverian dynasty ended, the Saxon Coburg-Gotha dynasty began, and George V became the crown prince.
Edward VII was 60 years old when he succeeded to the throne, and died after 9 years of his reign. In 1910, George V succeeded the throne and became the second king of the Saxon Coburg-Gotha dynasty .
When George V just became King of England, the International Situation OfficeIn the most complicated period of history, Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire were preparing to launch the First World War. At that time, the German Emperor Wilhelm II of the Hohenzollern dynasty thought that he and George V were cousins and Britain would stand on his side. However, William II made a mistake in his judgment and George V clearly stated his position and would stand on the side of Russia and France. .
In 1914, the First World War broke out as scheduled. George V personally inspected military camps, hospitals, and factories, doing his best to encourage the British. In 1917, when the war was the fiercest, a wave of anti-German sentiment arose throughout Britain, and German spies were arrested everywhere. Those members of the British royal family from Germany were suspected of being German spies. For a while, the entire British were panicked.
In order to reassure his troubled British subjects, George V passed the Privy Council in 1917 A decree was issued to abolish his surname from Germany and change his surname to Windsor under the name of Windsor Castle in England. From then on, the Saxon Coburg and Gotha dynasty ended and the Windsor dynasty began.
The surname of the royal family was changed in order to appease the subjects during the war. This situation has never been seen in British history. The decision of George V touched thousands of British people and made the British royal family in Britain. An unshakable position was established in people’s hearts. In the end, Britain defeated Germany in 1918 and won the First World War.
During the reign of George V, it also did A major event was to resolve the issue of division of Ireland through peaceful means. In 1921, Britain passed the "British-Irish Treaty", and the 26 counties in southern Ireland became an independent country. When the problem of division in Britain occurred, King George V ensured the monarchy in Britain. The stability of the country won the love and support of the British.
In 1936, George V died.At the age of 71, his death made the British nation grieve. All British people spontaneously attended his funeral to commemorate this good king.