From the Long March of the Red Army, the Battle of Zhiluo Town, the Battle of the East and the West, to the Battle of Shijiazhuang, the Battle of Chasui, the Battle of Baonan, and the Battle of Clearance, to the Battle of Pingjin, Taiyuan, and Lanzhou. From the beginning of the Agrarian Revolution, to the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, the War of Liberation, and the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, General Li Zhimin took part in countless battles and battles, and made great achievements for our army. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, General Li Zhimin made outstanding achievements in the political work of the army and was an outstanding leader with pioneering spirit in the political work of the Chinese People's Army.
Li Zhimin, born July 9, 1906 in Liuyang County, Hunan Province Xikeng Village, Gaoping. Participated in the peasant movement in 1925, joined the Communist Party of China in 1927, and joined the Red Army in 1928. Successively served as the district guerrilla party representative, the Red Army brigade, regiment political commissar, division and director of the military political department. Organizer of the political department of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political University , Minister, director of the Political Department of the branch campus, deputy political commissar and political commissar of the first and fourth divisions of the Jinchaji Military Region, deputy political commissar and director of the Political Department of the Jizhong Military Region. Political commissar of the third and second columns of the Jinchaji Field Army, political department of the 20th Corps Director, political commissar of the 19th Corps. Political commissar of the 19th Corps of the Volunteer Army, director, deputy political commissar, and political commissar of the Political Department of the Volunteer Army. Deputy political commissar and political commissar of the PLA Higher Military Academy, political commissar of the Fuzhou Military Region, and advisor to the Central Military Commission. 1955Was awarded the rank of general.
Born in poverty, young man determined
Li Zhimin, formerly known as Li Fengrui, scientific name Li Mingjie, and formerly known as Li Xuan. Born in a poor peasant family in Xikeng Village, Gaoping District, Liuyang County, Hunan Province on July 9, 1906. When he was 9 years old, he entered a private school and later entered elementary school. In 1920, he was admitted to Dianxi Senior Primary School. Under the influence of progressive thinking, the young Li Zhimin hated imperialism and bureaucratic warlords. He actively participated in patriotic activities and determined to revitalize China. In 1924, he returned to teach in his hometown and worked as a primary school principal. In 1925, Li Zhimin began to participate in the peasant movement and was elected as the vice chairman of the Township Farmers Association to lead the masses in the struggle against hegemony. Later, he was selected to study at the Gaoping District Summer Political Seminar and Liuyang County Party Affairs Institute run by the Communists. He received a Marxist enlightenment education and made him realize the necessity of revolution. Therefore, in April 1927, Chiang Kai-shek launched a counter-revolutionary governmentOn the eve of the change, Li Zhimin joined the Communist Party of China.
After the failure of the Great Revolution, Li Zhimin secretly organized a peasant association in his hometown to persist in the struggle. In March 1928, he participated in the formation of the district guerrilla and served as the party representative, and launched an armed struggle in his hometown. In December of the same year, Li Zhimin was transferred to the 5th Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army as the Party Representative of the 4th Squadron, 7th Brigade, 2nd Column, on the order of the Liuyang County Committee of the Communist Party of China.Table, since then began his life's revolutionary military career.
The "magic weapon" for defeating the enemy
During the Agrarian Revolutionary War, Li Zhimin actively participated in the establishment of the Central Soviet Area and previous anti-"encirclement and suppression" battles. In the battle, he took the lead, commanded tactfully, exerted the power of political work, and was good at combining military offensives with political disintegration of the enemy, and he won many battles.
In November 1931, the 5th Red Army took advantage of the third victory against "encirclement and suppression" and organized a regiment to attack Huichang County. The attack failed for more than 20 days. The troops suffered heavy casualties. The commander of the army then ordered the Red 7th Regiment to take over the siege. Li Zhimin, the political commissar of the Red 7th Regiment at the time, decided to launch a political offensive before attacking the city. It coincided that the brother troops successfully blasted the city wall, and the enemy was in chaos. Li Zhimin immediately seized the favorable opportunity to organize soldiers to speak to the enemy and launch a political offensive. When the enemy’s firepower weakened, the troops suddenlyAfter entering the city, it took only two hours to wipe out the enemy, creating a successful battle combining political offensive and assault.
In October 1934, Li Zhimin accompanied the Red Army on the Long March with injuries and Battalion Commander Peng Shaohui led the battalion to serve as a guard and containment mission for the Red 3 Army. After arriving in northern Shaanxi, Li Zhimin participated in the famous Battle of Zhiluo Town and the Eastern Expedition and the Western Expedition, and successfully completed the mission.
In the first ten days of September 1936, the Red 81 Division was ordered to go south to besiege Liwang Fort, which was easy to defend and difficult to attack and was heavily guarded. After fully analyzing the enemy's situation, Li Zhimin, then the director of the Political Department of the Red 81st Division, suggested that a combination of military pressure and political offensive should be adopted. After a few days of shouting horns to propagate the enemy, the defending enemy's attitude towards the Red Army became more and more friendly. Li Zhimin believed that the time was ripe, and immediately wrote an open letter to the commander of the enemy defending the city and the officers and soldiers of the whole regiment, expressing the righteousness of resisting Japan and saving the nation, and also sent a few fat sheep to the defending troops to express condolences. The next day, the defending troops sent representatives to negotiate with the Red Army and agreed to withdraw from Li Wangbao and return to the original station. When the defending troops evacuated, Li Zhimin personally led part of the team and lined up with a solemn farewell greeting to send off warmly. The defenders were deeply moved and waved goodbye frequently. Won the military story with "Fat Sheep Gram Castle".
In December 1936, the Northeast Army general Wang Yizhe led a division by Chiang Kai-shek's order to attack the Red Army West Route Army. The Red 81 Division, where Li Zhimin was located, was ordered to take on the task of blocking the enemy. After receiving the task, Li Zhimin, as the political commissar, realized that after the 918 Incident, the officers and soldiers of the Northeast Army decided to carry out a "political offensive" after they wanted to resist Japan and save the country. According to the instructions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to fight for and unite the Northeast Army to fight against Japan, he mobilized the commanders and fighters to write slogans on the roads the Northeast Army must pass or paste the leaflets of "To All the Soldiers of the Northeast Army". Some even copied some anti-Japanese songs, causing a This is the atmosphere of mobilizing the Northeast Army to unite against Japan. During the day, Li Zhimin promptly organized front-line commanders and fighters to shout to the Northeast Army: "Brothers in the Northeast Army, don't fight a civil war for Chiang Kai-shek! Go back to your hometown at gunpoint to recover the lost ground in the Northeast." At night, Li Zhimin sent a propaganda team to the forefront of the Northeast Army for propaganda, singing "On the Songhua River"And other anti-Japanese songs. Not only that, General Li Zhimin took the initiative to invite officers from the Northeast Army to the Red Army positions, and everyone turned the enemy into friends. Fought a "blocking war" with no one before and after. After a few days of "fierce battle", our army won the battle with zero casualties. After the Northeast Army withdrew, our officers and soldiers found the message "Brothers of the Red Army, see you on the Anti-Japanese Front Line" at the station of the Northeast Army. After this incident, our soldiers gave a thumbs up to Li Zhimin's political commissar.
Huge years of military achievements
During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Li Zhimin served successively as section chief, minister of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political University, director of the Political Department of the Second Branch, the political commissar of the military division, and the deputy political commissar of the Jizhong Military Region. Job. In the work of the Anti-Japanese War, he conscientiously implemented the party's educational policy and trained a large number of cadres for our army. In insisting on guerrilla warfare in the Jizhong Plain, he led his troops to fight hard, improved the military and political quality of the troops, and vigorously organized local armed forces.He also strengthened the anti-Japanese forces and continuously expanded the base area in Hebei, which contributed to the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan.
During the War of Liberation, Li Zhimin served successively as the field column of the Jizhong Military Region, the third column of the Jinchaji Field Army, the political commissar of the second column, and the secondDirector of the Political Department of the 0 Corps and member of the Political Department of the 19th Corps. He participated in the Chasui, Datong, Zhengtai, Pinghan and other battles, the Pingjin Campaign, and the Taiyuan Campaign. Together with the brothers, he completed the combat mission of liberating North China. .
In June 1949, Li Zhimin and comrades Yang Dezhi led the 19th Corps into the Northwest. After arduous marches, pursuits, and battles, together with the brothers, they won the Battle of Fuyi and Lanzhou. The victory of the battle and marching into Ningxia by victory contributed to the liberation of the Northwest.
In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Li Zhimin served as the 19th Corps and Shaanxi ArmyDistrict political commissar, and served as a member of the Northwest Bureau of the Communist Party of China, and a member of the Northwest Military and Political Committee. He led the troops to actively implement the instructions of the central government on "developing the northwest and building the northwest", completing the tasks of suppressing bandits, training and mass production, and actively supporting local governments. The government carries out land reform, restoration and development of production. He led the troops to build the Bao (Ji)-Tian (Shui) Railway, which created conditions for the development and construction of the northwest region.
In the winter of 1950, Li Zhimin participated in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea and served successively as political commissar of the 19th Corps of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, director of the Political Department of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, and political commissar. He insisted on educating and motivating the troops with the spirit of patriotism, internationalism, and revolutionary heroism, and participated in and organized and commanded the Fifth Battle, the Battle of Positions, and the Offensive Campaign in the Summer of 1953, and achieved great victories. After the armistice in North Korea, he participated in leading the volunteer army to actively support the rebuilding of the Korean people’s homeland.Under a deep friendship.
Military academies shined brightly
In 1957, Li Zhimin After returning from North Korea, the general served as deputy political commissar and director of the Political Department and political commissar of the PLA Higher Military Academy, and devoted himself to the education of military academies.
Li Zhimin attaches great importance to the selection and training of teachers. Often propagated that Mao Zedong emphasized the importance of the role of teachers during the War of ResistanceThinking, he believes that in order to make the school a base for cultivating talents and play the role of a revolutionary melting pot, the key is to have a strong faculty. Li Zhimin personally participates in the selection and deployment of faculty members, and requires the cadre departments to recruit talents from within and outside the military and select the best. Li Zhimin loves the teachers, cares about them very much, makes the teachers feel warm, their teaching enthusiasm is greatly mobilized, so that the teaching work is made vivid.
Li Zhimin attaches great importance to the compilation of teaching materials. In his teaching, he not only paid attention to the theory and practice of foreign troops, but also paid more attention to the experience of the People's Liberation Army. Li Zhimin often said: "We should not only respect the experience of others, but also our own bloody experience and our own practice. In the past 30 years, the party has accumulated extremely rich experience in army building and combat in leading armed struggles. It is the most precious foundation for us to learn science." He asked all teaching and research departments to compile their own textbooks. After several years of intense work, by January 1962, the college had compiled a large number of teaching materials. Li Zhimin said happily after reading it: "These textbooks are no longer copying foreign things, but based on me. This is a very simple thing."
Li Zhimin also often said: " Lively is a manifestation of revolutionary optimism. We want to make the college always full of vigor and vitality, and sweep awayThe air is somber. "For this reason, in 1959 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Li Zhimin organized the "General Amateur Choir" at the academy and volunteered to serve as the chief conductor of the chorus. On June 1, the chorus participated in the Second Military Performance. The opening ceremony was warmly welcomed by the audience.
After Premier Zhou Enlai and Marshal He Long heard about this incident, they personally arranged the choir to perform in Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai. After watching the performance, Zhou Enlai came to the stage and shook hands with Li Zhimin. Praised the performance group for doing a good job, and immediately instructed to expand the scale of the choir, and also let the chorus to participate in the National Day 10th anniversary party performance.
At the National Day party on October 3, 230 experienced generals, lieutenants, and major generals, dressed in tuxedos and medals on their chests, stood neatly in front of the red flag, looking exceptionally mighty and majestic.
Under the command of Li Zhimin, the "General Amateur Choir" sang "Red Army Discipline Song", "On the Taihang Mountains", "I Am a Soldier" ", "We must liberate Taiwan" and other four songs. After singing a song, the audience applauded for a long time.
Li Zhimin attaches great importance to inviting senior leaders and well-known experts to teach at the college. Peng Dehuai, Lin Biao, Luo Ronghuan, He Long, Chen Yi, Nie Rongzhen, etc. have all visited the college or made reports. Yang Xianzhen, Ai Siqi, Xu Dixin, Xue Muqiao and others have come to the college to talk about philosophy and political economy. Foreign Minister Chen Yi has made reports on diplomatic issues, Minister of Agriculture Liao Luyan has made reports on agricultural issues, Minister of Commerce Yao Yilin has made reports on business issues, Qian Xuesen has made reports on cutting-edge technology, and so on. The trainees responded very strongly to inviting the responsible comrades of various ministries and commissions of the Central Committee to report.Seen as a major gain from studying in Beijing.
Be more determined after the "wind and rain"
During the "Cultural Revolution", General Li Zhimin was persecuted. On June 22, 1966, the General Political Department issued the "Report on Several Issues Concerning the Development of the Cultural Revolution Movement in Military Academies", requesting all military academies to actively participate in the Cultural Revolution. In order to achieve the criminal purpose of usurping the party and seizing power, the Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary groups imposed charges on Li Zhimin, incited the rebels to fight day and night in turns, and even carried out brutal persecution. On the National Day of 1968, under the care of Premier Zhou Enlai, General Li Zhimin was invited to the Tiananmen Gate Tower to observe the ceremony and was "protected".
On February 2, 1969, the Office of the Military Commission issued Document No. 1 to abolish the former Higher Military Academy, Nanjing Military Academy, and Political Academy, and merge into the Military and Political University. The High Military Academy ended itHistorical mission. In October of this year, Li Zhimin and his wife Liu Ping were rushed to Dufu Farm in Gao'an County, Jiangxi Province. Li Zhimin was forced to change his name to Li Guang. He was "supervised labor" for three years, and he suffered severe physical and mental damage. However, Li Zhimin firmly believed in Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, and resolutely fought against Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary clique with a firm stand and clear-cut stand until he won the victory of crushing Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary clique.
In 1972, General Li Zhimin served as the political commissar of the Fuzhou Military Region. In 1977, he served as a member of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China. In 1980, he served as a consultant to the Military Commission. He is an alternate member of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, a member of the Tenth and Eleventh Central Committees, and a representative of the First and Fourth National People's Congresses. In 1982, he was elected as a member of the Central Advisory Committee of the Communist Party of China.
On November 16, 1987, General Li Zhimin passed away at the age of 81.
This article is compiled based on historical data from the Motherland Network. If reproduced, please indicate source.