Since the Zhou Ping king moved east, the Zhou royal family's power has declined, the authority is no longer, and it has been unable to control the princes of the world.
In order to contend for the hegemony of the world, some powerful princes have launched fierce wars and fought with each other. Several hegemons appeared before and after, known as the "Spring and Autumn Five Hegemony".
When the three divisions were divided into Jin and history entered the Warring States Period, the contradictions among the princes became more acute, and the wars of annihilation became more frequent, forming seven powerful princes. These were the "Seven Heroes of the Warring States."
The Spring and Autumn Five Dominations refer to the five overlords in the Spring and Autumn Period, but for these five candidates, future generations of experts have different View.
But it is undeniable that the most powerful vassal state in the late Spring and Autumn Period was the Yue State, and Goujian was the overlord of that period.
473 BC, after twenty years Goujian destroyed Wu State, crossed the Huaihe River, and allied with Qi State and Shanxi State Council in Xuzhou.
The power once reached Qilu in the north, bordered the East China Sea in the east, and now reached the Huaihe River and Ganpo in the west. Southeast, became the last overlord in the Spring and Autumn Period.
In this case, why didn’t Yue State become one of the Seven Heroes of the Warring States Period?
There is a record in the "Historical Records", "Yue Bing Rampantly in Jiang, Huaidong, princes Bi He, known as the hegemon. "
Is it because of the weakening of the Yue Kingdom? it's not true.
Since the death of the Yue King Goujian, the strength of the Yue Kingdom has not weakened, but has been rising until the power of the Yue King Zhu Gou reached its peak.
There is a record in "Mozi: Feiyuxia", "Today is a warlike country, Qi, Jin, Chu, Yue...…Today, because of the union of the country, there are four parts of the world. "
At that time, Jin was caught in civil strife, and several tycoons conquered each other; Qi was not weaker than Jin, and the Jiang family was in danger of being replaced by the Tian family; and the neighboring Chu country had been After Wu Guo was beaten once, it was still in the recovery stage.
After the Yue Wangyi, the country fell into a long period of civil strife, and its national strength continued to weaken.It can be seen that the capital is constantly moving south.
From Langque (now near Qingdao) during the Goujian period to Wudi (now Suzhou) and then to Kuaiji (now Shaoxing), the southward movement of the Yue State Center indicated that it could no longer participate in the war in the Central Plains .
Yue State withdrew from the Central Plains and enjoyed 70 years of comfort in the southeast corner of the country, but Qi State and Chu State took the opportunity to rise to compress the living space of Yue State.
Until the time when the King of Yue had no borders, although he had some ambitions to rejuvenate the past and participate in the battle of the Central Plains, it was too late.
As we all know, the Seven Heroes of the Warring States period refers to seven countries including Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao, Wei, and Qin, but This concept is not derived from that time, but a generalization of later generations.
From a certain perspective, the Seven Heroes of the Warring States Period refers to the seven vassal states that lived to the end during the Warring States Period. Only from the perspective of strength, Song, Lu, Zhongshan, Yue and other vassal states have the opportunity to be on the list, at least not weaker than Yan in the northeast corner.
Obviously, the reason why Yue failed to rank among the Seven Warring States is not because of its weak strength. Did not live to the end.
During the Spring and Autumn Period, southern Jiangsu where Wu State is located is a swamp, while Zhejiang where Yue State is located is a mountainous area. These places are not fertile. The land is not conducive to production, so it is impossible to compete for hegemony with the Central Plains countries.
The reason why Wu Wang Fucha and Yue Wang Goujian became hegemons is due to their own strength. The most important reason is the legendary powers such as Jin and Qi. Civil turmoil occurred.
On the other hand, after the Yue State annexed Wu State, its strength greatly increased, and it absorbed a large number of Wu aristocrats. Although it was beneficial, it also formed partisan disputes.
In this way, the power struggle within the Yue country has been intensified, and the killing of the king has appeared in successive generations, and the strength is natural.Gradually weaken.
The difference between the Seven Heroes of the Warring States Period and other vassal states is not only that they were finally destroyed by the Qin State, but Because they each have different degrees of reforms, both military and economic enhancements.
Yue Kingdom is located in the southeast. At the time, it was a barbarian among the barbarians. It was very similar to the Qin country in the west. From this point of view, if the Yue Wang was wise, Shang Yang would also succeed here..
The only difference is that Yue does not have the geographical advantage of Qin. If the Yue country cannot absorb talents to carry out reforms, it will be annexed by Qi and Chu sooner or later, and will not be among the seven heroes of the Warring States Period.
(Reference: "Historical Records")