As we all know, there were three main countries in the Axis camp during World War II: Germany, Japan, and Italy. However, compared with the stubborn Nazi Germany and the Japanese devils, Italy surrendered to the Allied forces in 1943, when the famous Normandy landing had not yet begun.
Italy’s surrender surprised many people who follow the history of World War II: Since ItalyIt had already surrendered as early as 1943, so why didn't the Allied forces led by the United States and Britain attack Germany from Italy instead of opening up the second European battlefield in Normandy in western France?
Many allied leaders represented by Churchill really want to open the second European battlefield from Italy On the battlefield, this strategy also caused vigilance and criticism from the Soviet Union. But if it is really going to be opened in ItalyOn the second battlefield in Europe, the Allied forces face two main difficulties.
The first difficulty: Although Italy surrendered in 1943, Hitler supported Mussolini In northern Italy, it became a fascist puppet regime that lasted until 1945. The precipitous Albis Mountains are still controlled by the Axis powers, which caused great difficulties for the Allied forces to go north.
The second difficulty: The Allied base was located in the barren and backward North Africa at the time, and it was not enough to support the Allied forces. Open up the second battlefield in Europe. If the second European battlefield is to be opened in Italy, the Allied forces must transport supplies from the British and American mainland via the Strait of Gibraltar.
The logistics supply line of the Allied forces will be thousands of kilometers long, which will not only cost a lot but also risk being cut off by the enemy. Compared with Italy, Normandy and the English mainland are separated by only a few hundred kilometers from the English Channel. The cost and risk of opening a second battlefield are much smaller.
In general, the difficulty of opening a second European battlefield in Italy is far greater than opening a second battlefield in northern France. Coupled with strong opposition from the Soviet Union, the American and British allies finally gave up the idea of opening a second European battlefield in Italy.