When we were young, we basically learned dynasty songs: Xia, Shang and Western Zhou, and Eastern Zhou were divided into two sections, Spring and Autumn and Warring States, Qin and Han, three parts of Wei, Shu and Wu, two Jins before and after, Southern and Northern dynasties side by side, Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties After Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing, the dynasty is over. This dynasty song basically summarizes the mainstream dynasties that existed in China in history, but there are some small courts that are not known, and are hardly mentioned in history books. Today I will take a look at it for you.
One. Xiliang Kingdom (555~587)
The "Hou Jing Rebellion" occurred during the Liang Dynasty in the Southern Dynasties. The seventh son of Emperor Wu of Liang, Xiao Yi After Jiangling became emperor, Chen Ba first usurped Nanliang Jiangshan. Xiao Yi relied on Jiangling and refused to obey the rule of Chen Dynasty. As the weakest of the Southern Dynasty, Chen Dynasty was unable to annex Xiliang in a short period of time. Little dynasty. During the confrontation between the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Xiliang Kingdom used the contradiction between the two sides to survive or until the Sui Dynasty was established. In 587 AD, Emperor Wen officially abolished the Xiliang Kingdom and Xiliang was destroyed. Later, the famous empress Xiao (Xiao Mei Niang) of Sui Yang Emperor was the princess of Xiliang Kingdom.
2. Dayuan Kingdom (1116)
Location of Dayuan Kingdom
Note that this Dayuan was not established by Kublai Khan. At the end of the Liao Dynasty, Tokyo (now Liaoyang, Liaoning) took the opportunity to take the opportunity of Gao Yongchang from Bohai to fight against the Liao and expel them. Dagong Ding, Gao Qingming and other Tokyo officials occupy Tokyo, claiming to be the Emperor of Bohai, with the founding name of the Great Yuan Kingdom, and the founding name of Longji, and occupying more than fifty states of Tokyo Road in the Liao Kingdom. Emperor Tian Zuo hurriedly sent troops to counter the rebellion, and Jin Taizu Wanyan In the name of reinforcements, Aguda occupied Tokyo. The Jin army attacked the Liao army from behind, and the Liao army was defeated. Jin Taejo ordered Gao Yongchang to cancel the emperor. Gao Yongchang refused to listen, and Jin TaejoDefeat Gao Yongchang's Bohai Navy, occupy Tokyo, and capture Gao Yongchang. The Great Yuan Kingdom only existed for four months.
3. Eastern Liao Kingdom (1213—1269)
At the end of the Jin Dynasty, Jurchen was in decline, and Yeluliu, a Khitanese, rose up against the Jin and Megatron Liaodong. In March 1213, Yeluliu became king, the country was called Liao, and the history was called Dong Liao. Yeluliu took the united Mongolian anti-goldThe strategy has always been the horse of the Mongol Empire, so it was not wiped out by Mongolia. Until the time of Yuan Shizu Kublai Khan, I felt that a small country under his nose was very uncomfortable and announced the abolition of the Lord of the Eastern Liao Kingdom and the destruction of the Eastern Liao. The territory of Eastern Liaoning is basically the area of Liaoning Province today.
4. Eastern Xia Kingdom (1215—1233/1287)
also the last year of the Jin DynastyKing Jin Weishao sent General Pu Xian Wannu to Liaodong to suppress Yelu Liu, but Pu Xian Wannu messed up the matter. Pu Xian Wannu was afraid of being accused of going back, so he rebelled. He was in Tokyo in October 1215. Liaoyang Mansion became king, and the country was named "Dazhen". (The country name was later changed to "Xia"). In order to survive, Pu Xian Wannu also chose to seek refuge in Mongolia, but it was a false surrender, which was later discovered by Mongolia. In 1233, Mongolia vacated the Central Plains and entered the Eastern Xia army to capture Pu Xian alive. Wannu. However, Dongxia still existed and followed Mongolia like Dongliao, until the Yuan Shizu withdrew from the feudal clan in 1287.