Everyone wants to be successful. Some people don’t have to work their lives for it, and others don’t hesitate to lay down their dignity and cling to the powerful.
The person we are talking about today is the envy of countless people who are struggling for success. In the eyes of others, his luck is so good that he succeeded easily, but this is purely " I only saw the thieves eating meat, but didn't see the idea of the thieves being beaten.
He is Li Yuanhong. His early fate was ill-fated, but in his middle age, he was ruled by a small coordinator. He became the "Capital Governor" and eventually became the official president of the Republic of China. His success is too legendary and cannot be copied. But it does not prevent us from taking a closer look.
Yuan Shikai’s "Golden Chamber Stone Chamber", Li Yuanhong was selected as the successor
Lao Yuan became the 83-day emperor, and finally ended hastily in the midst of the betrayal of the relatives. The restoration farce accelerated his aging , Consciously there is not much time, so imitated the Qing Dynasty to do ""Golden Chamber Stone Room", used to designate his successor after death.
It is said that the old Yuan originally wanted Yuan Keding to succeed him, but he was so famous that he could not convince the public. Thinking about "Family World" would be idiotic dreams. Yuan Shikai, who wanted to understand this, finally brought up the pen. .
Yuan Shikai’s "Will" is like this, in the yellow packageA piece of lacquer paper that is more than a foot long, with "Zhaomin entrusts life" at the top and "The Republic of China Wannian" at the bottom, with the names of three people in the middle:
Li Yuanhong, Xu Shichang, Duan Qirui .
How did Li Yuanhong's name appear in the successor list? And it was the first one. It started with the peasant uprising that shocked China and foreign countries.
Large layoffs of the Hunan army, the dissolution of the Li Dynasty and the return to the fields
The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom movement swept through most of China, and the Qing court was unable to suppress it, so the local scholar-officials had to organize landlord armed forces to confront the peasant army.
It was at this time that Li Chaoxiang was forced to join the Hunan Army because of his livelihood. Specifically, it was Bao Chao's "Ting Army." Li Chaoxiang accumulated military merits in suppressing the Taiping Army, and obtained the rank of third grade guerrilla.
In 1864, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement failed completely. For a time, the huge Hunan army made the court jealous. Zeng Guofan cut his wings. Tailoring the Hunan Army, Li Chaoxiang is on the list, after all, this title from the third rank guerrilla is as numerous as a feather.
Obtained a considerable amount of "rest fee", Li Chaoxiang and his family moved to Hanyang, used the money to build a large house, and divided it into two parts, one for his own living. The other part is rented out, the lotYes, the rent is naturally expensive.
Just after the house was completed, Li Yuanhong was born.
The tenant is implicated, and the Li family is in trouble
If nothing happens, the old landlord Li Chaoxiang will use the rent received to support the young landlord Li Yuanhong to go to school, and then marry a daughter-in-law and live comfortably Ordinary life.
But if God wants you to be extraordinary, how can you be at ease? So arranged for a catastrophe, shattering the peaceful life of Lao Li's family.
A tenant was involved in the rebellion and was arrested by the government. Master Qingtian indiscriminately confiscated Li Chaoxiang’s mansion on the charge of "harboring criminals."
Misfortune came from the sky! The Li family turned against poverty in an instant, and Li Chaoxiang, who had lost his economic source, had to make a decision: to join the army again, this time he went to Beitang, Tianjin.
The disintegration of the Hunan Army, but for Li Hongzhang’s Huai Army, and the future Beiyang Army left a wealth of human resources. Li Chaoxiang is one of the many returning soldiers.
Li Yuanhong realized that he was miserable, but God Tell him what is worse
When the family was in ruin, Li Yuanhong was very young, but he saw that his father, who took him to play around every day, suddenly picked up his luggage and left him.
The incident made Li Chaoxiang miss his son's growth.
In 1877, fourteen-year-old Li Yuanhong was seriously ill. Li Chaoxiang returned to Hanyang desperately, ran around, visited famous doctors, and Xiao Li's fate was saved.
The guilt for his son and his family made Li Chaoxiang decide to move his family to the place where his garrison is located: Tianjin Beitang.
When he arrived in Beitang, his father sent Li Yuanhong to the school to study. In his opinion, the reason why he was mixed up like this was the loss of literacy. But Li Yuanhong didn’t think so. He loved to go when he was studying. It was his father's barracks. Seeing the rhythmic cry of the soldiers as they practiced, Xiao Li felt that his heart jumped.
In the second year of moving to Beitang, Li Yuanhong’s mother passed away. Li Yuanhong was only 15 years old at this time. His father often said that the boy had tears but he didn’t flick, but he still couldn’t help crying. The soul once again felt the horrible fate.
Compared with other big brothers of the Beiyang warlords, Li Yuanhong is a good student. In 1883, Xiao Li, with his father’s permission, applied to the Beiyang Naval Academy, with excellent results, and learned about ship operations. And naval tactics.
When he received the first substantial school allowance, he rushed home and told his father that Li Chaoxiang smiled and nodded However, Li Yuanhong saw his father’s fatigue. In his impression, his father’s straight waist is now a little rickety, faintly, and he has an unknown premonition.
In the second year of studying in the Navy Academy, Li Chaoxiang When he passed away, Li Yuanhong took on the responsibility of the whole family, using his allowance to support his stepmother, wife and younger brother. In order to save money, he lived frugally.Visiting relatives walked close to Baili Road home, in order to leave a piece of Guangyang.
Legend of Li’s tomb in Beitang
There is such a story. When Li Yuanhong first arrived in Beitang, he often went out to collect firewood. One day he came to a reed stilt and found Reeds in one place are taller than others.
So Xiaoli opened the reed and saw that it was a clearing where a quail was fighting with a snake.
I don’t know if Mr. Jin Yong was inspired by this story when he wrote about Yang Guo’s Qiyu, but the kind-hearted little Li is not like Yang Guo’s sidelines. He just wants these two to stop fighting and just go. Try to separate them.
No matter how they are divided, they are inseparable. Quail and snake are fighting together. Xiao Li returned home and told his father about it.
Li Chaoxiang listened and said to Li Yuanhong, you remember that place, I willBuried there after death, don’t ask why.
Later, Li Chaoxiang was buried there after his death. People said that Li Yuanhong was able to become president because of the power of this treasure, which is a good land of "dragon and phoenix fighting".
The disgraceful performance of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895
But at this time, Li Yuanhong didn't think he was a rich man. After graduating from Beiyang Navy Academy, he was assigned to "Laiyuan "Internship, this was the latest cruiser at the time, and Xiao Li thought he was quite lucky.
However, Li Yuanhong was transferred to the Guangdong Navy before being warmed up by Laiyuan because of the shortage of personnel in Guangdong navy division. Li Yuanhong didn’t know about it. Actually saved myself.
Soon, the Sino-Japanese naval battle broke out. In order to support the Beiyang Navy, the Guangdong Navy sent "Guangjia", "Guangyi" and "Guangzhou C" to participate in the war. Wu Jingrong watched the "Jiyuan" ship escape, and he ran away. As a result, she ran aground on Sanshan Island. He was afraid of being captured by the Japanese and could only destroy the ship and escape. Li Yuanhong and others jumped into the sea to escape and returned to Lushun.
After losing his job in the naval battle, Li Yuanhong met a nobleman and started his army career
The Sino-Japanese naval battle failed, the Beiyang Navy was annihilated, and the Guangdong Navy was also hit hard.The admirals who walked sideways in the ruling and the opposition have since become a vulnerable group and have no support.
As a low-level officer, Li Yuanhong has a history of abandoning the ship to escape, so going home without a job is considered the best result, but Li's family relied on his allowance to make ends meet, and this time he was in trouble again.
At this moment, a message reached Li Yuanhong, who was almost desperate. Governor Zhang Zhidong of the Liangjiang River set up an extension hall to recruit military personnel. Li Yuanhong didn't care so much, so he simply packed his bags and went to defect.
When they arrived at the scene, they found that most of the recruits were army talents. There was only one gun emplacement defense and barely rubbing the side with his naval expertise, so Li Yuanhong took out all his knowledge of coastal defense during the interview. After listening, Zhang Zhidong nodded and finally recruited him. From this day on, Li Yuanhong became an army.
Lao Li, who had been reciting his words, finally ushered in his own spring
In 1896, the Qing government felt that the old army was rotten and difficult to use, so he ordered Yuan Shikai is in the north, Zhang Zhidong is in the south, and he is training the new army, and Li Yuanhong, who has just joined Zhang Zhidong, finally ushered in the first spring of his career.
The self-improvement army attaches great importance to the young man Li Yuanhong and asked him to go to Japan three timesIn this inspection of the army training and military industry construction, "wise, brave and deep" is Zhang Zhidong’s evaluation of Li Yuanhong.
Li Yuanhong belongs to the kind of person who can shine brightly with a little sunshine. Under Zhang Zhidong’s recommendation of “loyal and reliable, worthy of a heavy responsibility”, Li Yuanhong went from strapping to tube strap to Qian Zong. Defensive, to the Dusi, to the lieutenant, in one fell swoop to become a member of the imperial second rank.
The Hubei New Army was trained, and Li Yuanhong was appointed as the 21st Hybrid Association of the Hubei New Army. Remember this position. This is the last normal official position of Lao Li nine days before taking the moon.
Wuchang uprising, Li Yuanhong fell into desperation again
He was ransacked by the government indiscriminately after his childhood, but Li Yuanhong is still very grateful to the court, especially in recent years Zhang Zhidong’s re-use by Zhang Zhidong made Li Yuanhong even more fond of the Qing government. So when the Wuchang Uprising broke out, he was on the 41st bid. When the uprising started, Li Yuanhong chose to close the city gate and not allow soldiers to participate in the revolution.
I think this is a normal person’s choice. If Li Yuanhong rises up when he hears the wind, then he will not go too far.
A soldier named Zhou Rongtang turned over from the city wall and instigated the forty-first uprising. Li Yuanhong personally executed him for the crime of shaking the heart of the army.
But the revolution became more and more intense, at midnight, the revolution The troops bombarded the city gate. At this time, Li Yuanhong felt that the general situation was gone, and ordered someone to open the city gate and let the soldiers join the revolutionary team.
Lao Li chose to escape and went to the house of his friend Liu Wenji, telling the pain that has been accumulated in his heart over the years:
"After hardships, my bodyJuxietong, now subordinates mutiny, death is death, death is also death, if the Revolutionary Party fails, the court will give me a heavy sentence, if the Revolutionary Party succeeds, I am afraid I will lose my life! "
Li Yuanhong is sad and indignant, and finally got a little better, now it’s turning around again, God, do you have to play to death before I will give up?
Lao Li was Taking the position of revolutionary leader, he became confused as the "first champion"
Just when Li Yuanhong denounced the unfair destiny, the revolutionary party was in trouble. All the leaders who temporarily directed the uprising were very Young, unable to convince the crowd, but those revolutionary party leaders (Sun Yat-sen, Huang Xing, etc.)? They were all absent, and the revolutionary army fell into a situation where there was no leader.
I don’t know who suddenly remembered himself. The old leader of the People’s Republic of China, yes, Lao Li is still here. These new revolutionary forces have basically been trained by him, and they have all served him.Search for Li Yuanhong in the city.
Soon, Li Yuanhong was searched out. Everyone took Li Yuanhong to the command center and let him be the chief governor of the military government. Li Yuanhong shouted "Don’t harm me, don’t harm me". But he still couldn't help everyone, and he was pressed to sign his name on the appointment letter.
Put the overlord on the bowHe became the governor of Lebanon. After being forced for three days, he finally figured it out. Since then, he has been actively involved in the revolution. Because he was the first person to be promoted to the governor of the capital by the revolutionary army, he was confused as the "first champion of righteousness". In the future, he will become the vice president of the Republic of China, and then become the official president, saving enough political capital.
In general, Li Yuanhong is a person who knows the times and takes care of the overall situation. During the Wuchang Uprising, he saw that the Qing court was unable to return to heaven, although he was forced to become The governor, however, actively devoted himself to the revolution after he figured it out; and when Yuan Shikai became emperor and named him the "Prince of Wuyi", he could flatly refuse. Li Yuanhong did something and did nothing.
Some people say that Li Yuanhong is lucky. No wonder he has the nickname "Bodhisattva". But when we count his experience, it is not difficult to find that his life was not always lucky. On the contrary, Li Yuanhong’s first half of his life was full of Tribulation, several times almost into desperation, but relying onThe tenacious will and the unyielding spirit survived, and finally waited for his own opportunity. Although he was forced, he also achieved a career.
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