Speaking of Ni Sichong, the people of Anhui can't wait to thwart him.
This modern warlord, in his hometown in Anhui, undermined the legal system, military management, supported the monarchy, and slaughtered the people. He did almost everything he did. For this reason, he was awarded a "Bad An "Year" reputation.
But the wicked Ni Sichong played a big role in the modern history of China.
As the father of China’s first modernized military generation, Ni Sichong used financial resources to promote industry, develop the Northeast locally, support the development of Anhui’s industry, and resist imperialism Economic aggression.
In these things, he contributed.
History has magnified his evil, so that we ignore his advantages.
In fact, this great warlord from Fuyang, Anhui is a real hero.
Donated to the official prodigy, trained China’s first modernized army
In 1868, Ni Sichong was born in a family of officials and officials in Fuyang, Anhui. In his early years, he was brilliant and talented, and he was known as a child prodigy in the village.
12 years old At that time, Ni Sichong successfully passed the government examination. At the age of 25, he passed the exam.
The brainy father Ni simply donated him an official.
Ni Sichong started as a prefect and soon became a prefect. Soon, he joined Yuan Shikai's small station training.
In 1900, in order to continue the funeral, people gathered on the road to set up altars and teach invulnerability. Ni Sichong quickly suppressed it and performed a thorough investigation.
This move was quickly appreciated by the governor of Shandong Yuan Shikai.
Since then, Ni Sichong has become Yuan Shikai’s most important assistant.
At the end of 1903, Ni Sichong took a post at the military training headquarters of Wuwei Youjun at Xiaozhan, serving as the three important positions of Beiyang Prime Minister’s Battalion Office, Operational Battalion Office and Issuing Examination Law Enforcement Battalion Office.
To hold such a position is equivalent to Yuan Shikai handing everything over to Ni Sichong.
It can be imagined that the relationship between the two Close.
In June 1903, Ni Sichong completed the training mission of 6,000 new troops, called Beiyang Zuozhen, which was the first time Yuan Shikai launched the new training. A completed army.
This year,Ni Sichong bid farewell to the troops he trained, and left Baoding to the Beiyang Army base camp at Tianjin Xiaozhan to continue his troop training.
It can be said that the completion of military training at Xiaozhan is from beginning to end in the hands of Ni Sichong.
He created China’s first modernized army, and this army influenced the situation in modern China during the more than 20 years of the fall of the Qing Dynasty .
Develop the Northeast, but lose face in my hometown in Anhui
In April 1907, Emperor Guangxu announced the development of the Northeast, which marked the beginning of the establishment of a province in the Northeast.
In November, Ni Sichong was sponsored by Xu Shichang as the civil affairs envoy of Heilongjiang, and he began to develop and govern the three northeast provinces.
During his tenure as the Civil Affairs Envoy of Heilongjiang, the Civil Affairs Department set up five departments of Civil Affairs, Xinjiang Management, Police, Camp and General Affairs. Although there were many and chaotic things about the establishment of the province, Let Ni Sichong organize them in an orderly manner.
Among them, Ni Sichong’s most outstanding achievement is to formulate an epoch-making program that affects the political and geographic pattern of East Asia, the five chapters and twenty-four articles of the “Regulations of Reclamation along the Border”.
The 19 wasteland areas in Heilongjiang have been provided with incentives for reclamation and actively urged the court to cancel the national policy of prohibiting immigration outside the customs.
Through immigration and reclamation, not only the population, economy and cultural strength of the Han nationality in the Northeast have been enriched,It has promoted the development of the Northeast region, has also smashed the aggressive ambitions of Japan and Russia against Northeast China, and consolidated the border defense of the Northeast.
This is Ni Sichong’s first contribution in life. It solves the problem of immigrants in the Northeast in terms of people’s livelihood, promotes the development of the Northeast, and solves the basic work of building a province in the Northeast!
But when developing the Northeast, he lost everything in his hometown in Anhui face.
On February 12, 1912, the Qing emperor abdicated, and the North and the South truce to negotiate peace. Yuan Shikai stole the fruits of the victory of the revolution and became the president of the Republic of China. He specially ordered Ni to raise frontier envoys for Henan and Anhui, supporting troops in Fuyang to contain the Huai army.
From this moment, Ni Sichong began to govern Anhui, beginning his eight-year criminal rule!
1. Kill the revolutionThe party
Ni Sichong killed many victims, especially the revolutionary party in Shouyang and Fengyang.
Among them, Bai Wenwei, an Anhui warlord revolutionary faction, formed the opposition between the North and the South in Anhui, and Bai Wenwei became Ni Sichong's constraint.
For this reason, Yuan Shikai was relieved of Bo Wenwei’s post as governor of Anhui. The Northern Army took advantage of the situation and went south. Ni Sichong also led his troops to capture Anqing, the provincial capital, and served as the governor of Anhui and head of civil affairs.
Afterwards, Ni Jun hunted and killed in the name of "chasing and suppressing the Huai army" and "investigating organizations and gangs" all over Anhui. The people hated him.It is called "Ni Tuhu" by the locals.
Secondly, levy excessively and squeeze the people
When Ni Sichong reigned in Anhui, he relied on landlords and tycoons to cruelly squeeze the people, levy exorbitant taxes, and levied more than 30 kinds of exorbitant taxes, and there were countless unfunded banknotes and public bonds.
In addition, Ni Sichong also appoints his cronies aggressively, and the Ni family takes over important positions in the province.
But Anhui is so poor, how did Ni Sichong search it?
This has to mention Ni Sichong’s civil affairs measures. In the early years of the Republic of China, Ni Sichong suppressed bandits and rescued disasters. When people’s livelihood was dying, people’s livelihood was restored, disaster relief funds were raised, and work-for-relief actions were taken, and many water conservancy projects were built.
This move not only solves the survival problem of farmers, but also helps many industrial companies’ production problems. It can be said to serve multiple purposes.
Today, the Huaibei Dike, which is still used by the people of Huaibei, was built at that time.
In addition, Ni Sichong also paid great attention to Anhui’s agriculture and industry and mining, and made minimalist measures in Anhui. As long as he has the ability to develop, All can go directly to the provincial government to obtain a license and proceed under supervision.
In the European war and in the following years, Ni Sichong invested more than two million yuan in Anhui’s mining industry. This was in the 1930s.The previous history of Anhui was unique.
At the end of the Republic of China, Ni Sichong sent someone to Shanghai to buy back a 48-kilowatt steam generator and installed it in the "General's Mansion". The next year, it began to generate electricity for lighting in the mansion. Using it, lights began to appear in Bengbu.
It’s one thing to levy and collect excessive amounts, but it is undeniable that Ni Sichong has also made achievements during his eight years in Anhui.
3. Support Yuan Shikai as emperor and encourage Zhang Xun to restore >
Ni Sichong is most notorious than supporting Yuan Shikai as emperor and encouraging Zhang Xun to restore. For Yuan Shikai, Ni Sichong has always had a "grateful" plot.
Therefore, before Yuan Shikai became emperor, Ni Sichong, as a supporter, soon submitted a petition in Bengbu under the guise of an Anhui "citizen", stating: "Today's government is not a constitutional monarchy, and it is not enough to establish a country. ”
When Cai E led the Yunnan Protectorate Army to challenge Yuan, Ni Sichong volunteered to suppress it by force, and sent his brother Anhui to lead 15 battalions of Anwu Army Entered Hunan.
After Yuan Shikai died of illness, Li Yuanhong succeeded as President. Zhang Xun was appointed as the governor of Anhui, and Ni Sichong was the governor of Anhui. Ni Sichong was very unhappy.
"The dispute between the government (Presidential Palace) and the Court (State Council)", after Li Yuanhong ordered Duan Qirui to be removed from office, Ni immediately energized to declare Anhui’s independence and protest to Li.
and “severely punish rape and flattery, dissolve the parliament, organize a separate constitutional agency, and appoint the old and successful prime minister’s cabinet members, except for those suspected of imperialism."
At the same time, he kept encouraging Zhang Xun to go to Beijing.
Li Yuanhong was helpless and could only agree to transfer Zhang Xun to Beijing for mediation. Unexpectedly, after Zhang entered Beijing, he actually directed a drama about the restoration of the "Great Qing Empire".
The initiator, Ni Sichong.
Chinese industrialists have influenced the process of modern China
After the defeat of the Anhui warlord, Ni Sichong withdrew from politics. From a military commander, he turned into a big businessman who won by tricks.
After settled down in Tianjin, the Ni family studied, started a business, lived and reproduced in Tianjin, and eventually flourished and formed the Ni family today.
In modern times, there were many political and business dignitaries living in Tianjin, among which Ni Sichong had the most investment and the most success in Tianjin.
The time is the development of Tianjin’s national capitalism At this stage, Ni Sichong and his son Ni Youdan invested heavily in industry and commerce and built factories.
So far, there are still some enterprises in Tianjin that have developed step by step from the factories established by Ni Sichong at the time.
Ni's father and sonThe scale of doing business in Tianjin at that time is still surprising in statistics. In addition, Ni’s business philosophy was advanced at that time.
Such as the pursuit of advanced production technology and technology, the establishment of spinning mills and self-growing cotton to form an industrial chain, operating the grain industry, from raw grain to processing, to sales and trafficking , Self-contained series and so on, so that it soon became the giant of industrial and commercial capital at that time, known as the "Ni's consortium."
Ni Sichong has invested in a wide range of fields in Tianjin, involving the financial industry, textile industry, mining industry, and food industry. He and his friend Wang Zhilong founded Jincheng Bank in 1917.
Due to Ni Sichong’s strong capital, the reputation of the "Ni’s Consortium" is growing. This has brought great convenience to Jincheng Bank’s fund-raising. The enterprises operated by Ni and his sons, such as Shoufeng Flour Company, Lizhong Acid Factory, Danhua Match Company, etc., have provided financial support for the development of these enterprises.
This has played a role in resisting the economic invasion of imperialists in modern times, and it has also fostered a number of national enterprises.
The Ni family has contributed a lot.
Ni Sichong’s life can be summarized in six words: Yiguan, Yijun, Yishang.
Ni Sichong, July 12, 1924 Eventually died of illness in Tianjin, ending his mixed life.
He was a political chameleon and was very good at speculation. However, it is undeniable that he played an important role in modern Chinese history. This is an important one.
This is an Anhui person who has been misunderstood by people!