The "Historical Records" contains the Jiuhou, and Xibohou and Ehou are the same "San Gong" at the end of the Shang Dynasty, which shows that there were nine countries in the Shang Dynasty and their status was relatively high. According to the ancient records of surnames, the Nine Kingdoms of Shang Dynasty developed from the Jiuwu Family of the Xia Dynasty. In fact, there is also a record of "Wujiu" in the oracle bone inscriptions. Guo Moruo believes that it can be used as a name. They are shamans (people of the gods of things) from the nine tribes who served in the Shang royal family. Regarding the Jiuhou, the "Warring States Policy" is also called the "Guihou", so there is a saying that the Jiu Kingdoms, that is, the Kingdom of Ghosts, are the ghosts recorded in ancient books such as "Book of Changes" and "Zhu Shu Ji Nian". The Guifang is a nomadic nation in the northwest. It has been haunting the Central Plains all the year round. It was a stubborn enemy of the Shang Dynasty. He severely interfered with the rule of the early Shang Dynasty. It was not completely dismembered until the time of Wu Ding. The ghost clan was torn apart and fell silent. But when entering the Western Zhou Dynasty, another group rose again. When Zhou KangHe was expelled by the Zhou clan (Western Zhou "Xiao Yu Ding"), and eventually disappeared. However, this article does not believe that the Nine Kingdoms are the aforementioned ghost countries. In fact, "Nine" and "Ghost" have similar meanings. "Ghost" refers to the gods, meaning supreme, and "nine" is the largest number in a single word, and also symbolizes the number one. In ancient times, "nine" is often used to represent the limit, such as "nine-five-five", "nine-five" in the hexagram The top line can be used interchangeably.
Although the fiefs of the Nine Kingdoms cannot be determined, the approximate location is still traceable. "Kuo Di Zhi" says: "Xiangzhou Fu (fǔ) Yangxian There is Jiuhou City in fifty miles southwest, and Jiuhou City is also in Yinshi. "Fuyang County, now Ci County, Hebei Province, is located in the northwest of Anyang, the capital of Yin. Xu Guang, a scholar in the Southern and Northern Dynasties, noted the "Jiuhou fief": "Ye County has Jiuhou City. "Ye County, today is the Yecheng site in Linzhang County, Hebei Province. In fact, the above two places are adjacent to each other, in the same area north of Anyang, or the same place in the old days.
The "Nine" oracle bone inscriptions generally have two versions. One is related to certain parading animals, such as insects and snakes. The ancients observed insects and snakes to drill holes and stimulated the exploration and enterprising spirit of the tribesmen. This process is The twists and turns, the mysterious, and the more exciting, so "Guang Ya" said: "Nine, study it. " It means to chase after it; another way of thinking is that the "Nine" oracle bone inscription is like a curved working arm, which comes from the production and labor of the tribesmen in the ancient period , "Nine" font presents a kind of "stretching arm strength", so "Nine" is extended to be a lasting, long-term, extremelyTo. In fact, the two terms are just different in their original meanings, and their meanings are similar. They both emphasize an exploratory and enterprising masculinity. Therefore, "nine" is the main yang, which is the anode. The ancients used even numbers as yin and odd numbers as yang, so "nine" became the largest odd number. The origin of the early nine races may be related to this.
The Nine Kingdoms are vassal states of Shang, and Xibo Hou Jichang, Ehou sits up and down together, it is said thatThe two kings of the late Shang Dynasty wanted to stabilize a political method in the rear, so as to make room to attack Dongyi. "Historical Records·Yin Benji" records: "Jiuhou has a good girl, enters the 纣. Jiuhou females don’t like adultery, are angry, kill them, and 醢(hǎi) Jiuhou." means Jiuhou has a daughter who is like a flower and jade, and Jiuhou dedicated her to King Zhou, or to please King Zhou. But the day did not fulfill the wishes. King Zhou was lewd by nature, but Jiuhounv was a serious daughter. It's a pity that she was young and didn't understand the political interests. She refused to cooperate with King Zhou’s Huahua Intestines, and King Zhou killed Jiuhou Nu in furious anger, so she killed him along with Jiuhou and chopped him into meat sauce. Similar incidents have different opinions. The "Warring States Policy" says this: "Ghost (9) Hou has a son, but the old man is good for him, and he thinks it is evil, and the ghost (9) Hou." It means that Jiu Hou thought that his daughter was beautiful, and in order to please King Zhou, he offered her daughter, but King Zhou thought she was ugly, so he took Jiuhou. Anyway, there is nothing wrong with it. After all, Jiuhou flattered and hit the horse's leg. Jiuhou was too shrewd, and was harmed by shrewdness.
Although Jiuhou is dead, the Nine Kingdoms should still be there. There is no record of the ending of the Nine Kingdoms, butThe clues have been revealed in "Historical Records". The king of Zhou, Jiuhou, Fu'e, and the prisoner Wenwang, undoubtedly used clumsy means to bind the tribesmen together, and their beliefs are the same. It is very possible that when King Wu raised his troops, the people of the Nine Nations and the Zhou Clan destroyed the Shang Dynasty. The final whereabouts of the Nine Kingdoms is unknown. The people of the Nine Kingdoms are Jiu Clan, forming the Jiu surname. According to legend, there is a group of people in the Nine Kingdoms who add "people" as enemy surnames for refuge and become the main source of enmity surnames for later generations.