Look up to the Jin State Museum to learn about the story of the Jin State more than 3,000 years ago. The cultural reverberations of the Jin State lasted for thousands of years.
The "Jin State Museum" is Relying on the national key cultural relics protection unit "Qucun-Tianma Site", it is the first site-specific museum in Shanxi Province.
It is also the only one in our countryA platform to fully display Jin culture. In the core area of the site, nine groups of nineteen tombs of Jin princes and their wives, ten cart and horse pits, 12,000 pieces of various precious cultural relics were unearthed, and the museum broke ground in 2009 and was completed in 2014.
This museum with the largest carriage and horse pit in China during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties has attracted much attention. The plan is rectangular, 21 meters long from east to west, and 14 meters wide from north to south. 15 meters, 48 chariots and 105 war horses were unearthed. It is the largest chariot pit found in China during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, 600 years earlier than the chariot pit of Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum.
On the second floor of the exhibition area of the Jin State Museum, a set of chimes is placed against the wall. This set of chimes is strictly a replica of the chimes unearthed in the tomb of Jinxian Hou Su. In fact, Jin At the beginning of the excavation of the tomb of Xian Hou Su, the chimes were stolen. Archaeologists unearthed only 2 chimes from the tomb (now stored in Shanxi Museum), and the other 14 were stolen and sold to Hong Kong by the tomb robs. Finally, the Shanghai Museum The former curator Mr. Ma Chengyuan spent a lot of money to buy it back and store it in the Shanghai Museum. 16 chimes are engraved with 355-character inscriptions, which record that Jin Xian Hou Su led his army to conquer Dongyi.The historical facts of being rewarded by Zhou Emperor.
Chen Jin (pi) pot, height 68.8 cm , The mouth is 18 cm in length, 22.8 cm in width, and the widest abdomen is 35.2 cm. In 1992, it was unearthed at M8 of Jinhou Cemetery in Beizhao Village, Quwo County. The wine container, the pot is oval with a long neck and abdomen. The same shaped pot is also found in the Western Zhou bronze wares in Meixian, Shaanxi, but the cover is different.The joint of the mouth and lid of this pot is different from ordinary pots. From the appearance, the lid seems to be the same as the lid inserted in the common spigot. In fact, the mouth of the pot is opened in the hollow wavy crown. The cover is a flat cover with a mountain-shaped hollow to catch the hand. The ears are in the shape of an elephant head, and the raised nose is made into a curved dragon shape, with a ring in each ear. The cover is decorated with a tongue-out dragon pattern intertwined on the body, the mouth and ring feet are decorated with animal eyes, the neck is decorated with wavy patterns, the waist is horizontal, and the abdomen is dominated by a rounded double dragon head, supplemented by Multiple dragons with intersecting bodies. The overall shape is chic and vigorous, with gorgeous and smooth decorations. The inscription in the cover is 4 lines and 26 words.
The Long Erren's Foot Box was unearthed from the tomb of Madam Houci of Jin Mu. This object is a rectangular box with two small openable lids on the top, one of which is set with a crouching tiger button. The box has four sides. Each climbs a large dragon-shaped ear looking back and tongue out. The four corners have curved ridges. The square box has four naked people sitting on its feet, with the other box on its back, the hands behind it, and the hands on its back to carry its weight. The cover is decorated with two dragon patterns, and there are arrow-shaped geometric patterns around. The wall of the box is decorated with a deformed animal body pattern and a wavy pattern underneath. The body is covered with green rust and ancient mercury, mottled and grounded, reflecting each other, witnessing the vicissitudes of history.
The bird statue is 39 cm high, 30.5 cm long and 17.5 cm wide. The entire bird statue is based on the phoenix bird looking back, with a slightly raised head, round eyes and a high crown. The bird is plump and the wings are rolled up. On the back of the phoenix bird, a little bird is quietly dependent on each other and becomes the catcher on the cover of the bird's statue. There is an elephant head under the phoenix tail, the trunk of the elephant curls up, forming a stable three-point support with the legs, and the whole body is covered with patterns. Phoenix bird's neck, abdomen and back are decorated with pinnacles and two wingsThe legs are decorated with moiré patterns, the wings and lids are decorated with feather patterns, the ground is lined with thunder patterns, and the tail is decorated with gorgeous feather patterns. Judging from the characteristics of the structure of the vessel, such as the proportions, the overall shape and the phoenix and bird characteristics were not taken into account in the production of the shape. Based on this, it is estimated that the time was earlier in the Western Zhou Dynasty.
This bird statue is Tang Shuyu’s son and father of Jinhouxie A high-standard sacrificial vessel owned by it. Bird is westThe totem of the Jin Kingdom in the Zhou Dynasty was a fetish connecting people and gods. "Zhou Li·Chun Guan·Si Zun Yi" records the so-called "six zuns and six yis" in ancient sacrificial rituals, and bird zun is one of them. The inscription "Jin Hou Zha Xiang Taishi Baozun Yi" is cast on the inside of the lid and the bottom of the belly of the bird statue. The word "xiang" in the inscription is interpreted as "enjoy", meaning "contribution". To the effect, he made a treasure to worship the gods of the Jin Kingdom. Birds and elephants are the perfect combination of the two most popular Xiao-shaped decorations in the Western Zhou Dynasty. They are realistic and vivid, with peculiar and ingenious ideas, exquisite and luxurious decorations, and are rare treasures in Chinese bronze art.
The rabbit statue is 22.2 cm high and 31.8 cm long. It was unearthed in Tomb No. 8 of the Quwo Jinhou Cemetery in 1992. There are two pieces in total. The shape and ornamentation are the same. The only one is one big and one small. Unique in shape and vivid image, it is a masterpiece of Jin Dynasty bronze culture. The respect for rabbits is also the first case among bronzes in my country.
Rabbit Zun madeThe shape is vivid, the rabbit prostrates, the forelegs point to the ground, and the hind legs are bent, just like a moment before jumping. The two ears are close together, the rabbit’s belly is hollow, communicating with the protruding horn on the back, and there is a low rectangular base under the foot, with a round rectangular opening on the back, and covered with a cover that integrates with the rabbit body, and the cover is oblate Button. The two sides of the rabbit's body are decorated with round fire patterns, thunder patterns with the same four eyes, and hooked thunder patterns.
In the exhibition hall of unearthed cultural relics, the exhibits started from the Yangshao and Longshan cultural periods before the ancient kingdoms of Tang and Jin, and ended with the three kingdoms of Han, Zhao, and Wei after the disappearance of Jin. ——The numerous bronze, jade, stone, gold, pottery and other cultural relics unearthed from the Tianma site include hundreds of fine works.