The biggest difference between Ming court jewellery and court jewellery of past dynasties is that the craftsmanship of gold and silver jewellery is pushed to an unprecedented peak, so it shows royal nobleness while hiding a very delicate aesthetic orientation.
The reason for the formation of such a characteristic jewelry style is that most of the empresses of the Ming Dynasty came from the families of middle and lower military attaches and civil officials, that is, the daughters of poor families.
Ming Yingzong’s Xiaozhuang Qian Empress is a typical example of these Ming dynasty queens. She is called Xiaozhuang because she is filial and dignified.
At that time, Mingyingzong suffered a crushing defeat and was arrested during the Northern Expedition of Wara rebels. After the officials negotiated with the enemy to no avail, they all decided to give up helping him. His younger brother Zhu Qiyu also wanted to replace him, but she never gave up.
Without any assistance, she sold all the emperor-given jewels and asked someone to redeem her.
While waiting for the emperor's return, she wept bitterly every day. In the winter, she ran out to pray for God's peace. As a result, she first cried and lost one eye, and then she froze her leg.
Later, Ming Yingzong came back. Empress Qian thought that she could see the moon in the dark clouds. Unexpectedly, the two of them had just been reunited and both were imprisoned by Zhu Qiyu.
The snobbish eunuch lady took the opportunity to fall into the trap and prevented them from eating, drinking and dressing, so she had to rely on the female celebrity in exchange for some food and clothing for herself and Ming Yingzong.
This unswerving loyalty, In the end, it got a good return.
When Ming Yingzong was restored, Queen Qian, even if she had no children, was established as a queen, and she was independent from beginning to end.Enjoy pampering. Before Ming Yingzong died, he made a will to be buried with her.
From Empress Qian, we can see that the important reason why the emperor of the Ming Dynasty loves to marry poor girls is that their inner values are very simple and they do not fight for power or seize power. Li, single-minded and single-minded for the emperor.
Although they do not speak openly, it is difficult for the world to feel the empathy under their majesty, but the palace jewelry they wear is the most direct "spokesperson" ", proved to the world: every poor queen is a woman with gorgeous appearance and delicate inner appearance, really big and beautiful!
Wear gold and silver, rich and powerful
If the ladies of the Ming Dynasty traveled to the modern era, they would not be afraid to walk on the Cannes red carpet, because no Hollywood superstar’s outfit would be more luxurious than theirs.
Ming Dynasty’s jewelry is facing the front For the jewelry of North Korea, it’s an improvement of more than a hundred floors, especially gold and silver.Come, it is difficult to be fully emulated.
all are gold and silver Jewelry, why are they more expensive?
Most of the gold and silver jewelry before the Ming Dynasty came from the folks.
In the Ming Dynasty, most of the good treasures came from the court. The main reason was that the emperor of the Ming Dynasty set up a "silver work bureau" to create the best jewelry for the royal ladies.
This made the best jewellery craftsmen at the time all be in the palace, and they also carried forward the eight exquisite gold and silver crafts in China: gilt, filigree inlay, hammer, gold and silver, and pinch. Silk, fried beads, chisel, tired silk.
The Queen Xiaojing of the Ming Shenzong is a gilt lover. Her gilt jewels are not only many, but also exquisite pieces. Among them, she has worn this one. The golden gilt and silver hairpins with red and sapphires are the most exquisite.
The golden phoenix in the sky is flying with the ruby peach, and the sapphire butterfly in the ground is leaping lightly over the ruby peach blossom. A quiet, like a dream like a fantasy.
"Fiber" and "Permeability" are the two most important characteristics of filigree inlays in the Ming Dynasty. They are now in the Dingling Museum. "Golden beetle dragon-wing good crown" is one of the masterpieces, and it is also the favorite thing of Wanli Emperor Zhu Yijun during his lifetime.
Although the crown is woven from 518 gold wires each with a diameter of 0.2 cm, the overall It weighs only 826 grams, which is truly as light as a yarn. Of course, don’t look at its lightness. The two dragons and their dragon scales are quite gorgeous~ suffocatingly gorgeous.
Tired silk and filigree The inlay is similar, but it will not inlay gems and jade, and the appearance tends to be simple.
If you have seen a lot of gold and silver jewelry from the Ming Dynasty, you will be deeply attracted by its three-dimensional shape. The unique skill is hammering. It was originally a sculpture technique invented in the Jin Dynasty and has been used. to date.
The following pair of gilt bronze lions from the mid-Ming Dynasty are vivid in shape and vigorous like a rainbow. With the extravagance of gold, they are more domineering~
Similar chisel, also In order to make the gold and silver more three-dimensional, this technique is to hammer the chisel to make the surface of the metal show a concave and convex pattern.
With gold and silver errors, craftsmen can paint any pattern of gold and silver materials on Jewelry.
The filigree is foreign, from Persia (today’sIran) After entering the country, he debuted with cloisonné, and has been very popular today;
The last fried bead is a technique of dropping gold solution into warm water to form gold beads of varying sizes, and then decorating them on jewelry. It was used in the four ancient civilizations (Babylon). , Ancient Egypt, Ancient India, China). India still likes to use this techniqueArt design jewelry.
In the Ming Dynasty, the eight gold and silver crafts were used to create ornaments for the noble ladies, making them look like they were born rich and rich. Later, the noble ladies of the Qing Dynasty looked eclipsed.
There are as many styles as stars, dozens of headwear?
The Ming Dynasty had so many and so refined ancient methods of gold and silver, what was it like to create jewelry? Complex and beautiful like stars!
For the golden crown, among the imperial family of the Ming Dynasty, this type of jewellery is the most representative of the previous jewellery craftsmanship.
Among them, four crowns of the empresses of the Ming Dynasty were found in Dingling. The nine phoenix crowns of the Nine Dragons and the six dragons and three phoenix crowns belonged to Empress Xiaoduan. Empress Xiaojing is by far the best-preserved and relatively most valuable, and the stunts mentioned above are basically reflected on it.
The crown of the queen of the Ming Dynasty is made of bamboo silk For bones, first weave a round frame, paste a layer of rosa on both sides of the frame, and then decorate it with dragons and phoenixes made of gold silk and emerald feathers.
Longkou also contains orbs and hanging beads; phoenix There are also jewelry in the mouth. The whole body is inlaid with hundreds of colored gemstones, and there are thousands of pearls.
These jewelry were all imported goods at the time., Very precious, only the royal family can enjoy it.
It can be seen that the aesthetics of the ladies of the Ming Dynasty not only valued the appearance of the jewelry, but also hoped that through them, the top status obtained after the carp jumped into the dragon gate must be respected.
Ming Chaojin and silver are not only extremely luxurious, but also as detailed as hair, just take the headwearIn other words, there are dozens of them, ranging from crowns, hairpins, heart picking, distractions, 钿, to small temples, hairpins, small plugs, pecking needles, and swaying. There are only you can't think of it, there is no less.
Seeing this, treasure fans will definitely think, can the Ming Dynasty ladies wear so many headwear? Not only can they wear them, but they also feel that they are not enough!
At that time, for the wealthy and well-dressed ladies, a complete set of headdresses (professionally speaking) generally consisted of twelve or three pieces of jewelry, some even more Twenty or so pieces.
The familiar headwear, Bao I won't talk about it here, just talk about provocation and distraction. Picking the heart gets its name because it is a bottom-up method of picking the hairpin to wear on the front of the shroud. Under the picky mind, the ornaments with one hairpin on the front and back of the shroud are distractions.
Ming Dynasty’s mind-picking and distracting styles are mainly Buddha and gods. The design inspiration may come from the Buddha on the crown of Guanyinbao and the characters in various myths.
And this kind of jewelry that combines faith and decoration is not only beautiful, but also has inherent auspiciousness and blessing and anticipation. It is very clever.
The earrings, neck accessories, hand accessories, waist accessories, pendants, etc., the ladies of the Ming Dynasty are also divided into dozens of categories Small items. Here are only some of the masterpieces~ To start, Sister Bao is afraid that everyone will be dizzy~
The gourd-shaped earrings were very popular at the time. They were made of gold with a thickness of 0.3 cm. The silk is bent into a hook shape, one end of the gold silk is put on a large bead and a small bead, and the two beads are covered with a gold dome pendant. The queens of Taizong wear these earrings.
In the Ming Dynasty noble ladies’ necklaces, the most popular one is the longevity lock, which can be worn from noble ladies to civilians. The element prefers unicorns. Simple shapes are unicorns, while complex shapes have Queen Mother of the West, Zhang Xian, Guanyin and other gods.
Jade carving boys are also their unique hobby. In 1993, in Dapuqiao, Shanghai, experts discovered a Ming Dynasty tomb. Several pieces of jade carving boys were unearthed. The piece is exquisite. The following white jade round-carved boy with a branch was hung on the chest of the deceased when it was unearthed.
Furthermore, the jewelry will be finished~This kind of jewelry is almost worn by women.
Tang Yin's paintings in the Ming Dynasty are exquisitely detailed. And he is famous, in his works, you can see all kinds of jewelry, such as the following picture of "Blowing Xiaoxiao", on the hands and wrists of the blowing girl, she wore exquisite bracelets with gems.
Ming dynasty ladies wear jewelry, they prefer the design of inlaid gemstones, in addition to bracelets and rings. Alloy inlaid opal ring unearthed in the tomb of the Ming Dynasty Gu in Yangzhou, JiangsuThe gold-inlaid and emerald ring in the tomb of the Sun family of the Ming Dynasty in Huaian, Jiangsu proves this point.
Retro gold and silver , Elegant heirloom
After having a general understanding of Ming court gold and silver jewelry, do treasure fans really want tot Same paragraph?
Sister Bao finally found 4 elements that are most worthy of re-engraving. Let’s take a look~
Palace: Gathering Power
The construction of the Imperial Palace of the Ming Dynasty lasted more than 20 years, covering an area of more than 1.0125 million square meters. It was the largest palace complex in the medieval world and was called "the world's first palace."
The imperial power that it gathers is naturally all the majesty before, and there are many jewelry inspired by this.
The following palace bracelet was made during the Hongzhi period. It integrates filigree, silk inlaid jewelry, engraving, engraving, and deep-fried beads. Rong.
Palace Lantern: Family Happiness
The lantern symbolizes "brightness and warmth", and the palace lantern has been the carrier of the wishes of the ancients since ancient times. Therefore, with so many court rules, the concubines of the Ming dynasty who lived there often had to rely on such decorations to relieve their bitterness.
The palace lantern earrings inspired by it were also one of the most popular styles at that time. There are records in "Tianshui Bingshan Lu", "Golden Chamber Jewelry Tired Silk Lantern Earrings", "Golden Folded Silk Lantern Earrings"... just by looking at the name, I think it is invaluable.
Jade Rabbit: Eternal Youth
In ancient mythology, "there is a white rabbit in the moon." The jade rabbit also represents the moon, and the moon is seen at night , Also means yin, rounded up, Yutu is a woman, lively and cute, like a girl; and divine, will not grow old, so it is entrusted with the implication of youth and eternal youth.
Ming Dynasty There are many gold ornaments inlaid with "Jade Rabbit" in the gold and silver jewelry of the palace. Probably the ladies in the harem hope that they are always beautiful, so that they can always be favored by the emperor.
Gourd: Longevity and Tianqi
Ming Dynasty gourd earrings, also on the front Mentioned, it is one of the most popular styles. The reason may be related to the Ming Dynasty imperial family's belief in Taoism.
In the folks, the gourd vines stretch and the knots are prosperous, and they are used as a prayer for future generations. The mascot of peace and prosperity.
In weddings, it is an important prop (the 卺 is a gourd) for the wedding ceremony (drinking a cup of wine). Therefore, wearing such accessories can also promote the relationship between husband and wife.
Abomination, luxury, popular fashion, persecution, rampant, Ming Dynasty From a certainIn this sense, it was the last period of Han rule in ancient Chinese history. Ming people's love for gold jewelry also affected the taste of the Han nationality for jewelry. Nowadays, goldware is still the favorite jewelry of the Chinese people~ So, don't forget the influence of Ming Dynasty culture on us just because of the domineering Qing palace drama!