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With the continuous advancement of the Korean war, the North Korean army pursued the victory and its main force has attacked the Luodong River. The Jin generation faces two choices at this time: One is to deploy troops in time to consolidate the rear in accordance with the Chinese proposal, and beware of the enemy’s landing from Incheon or other ports in the Northern Dynasty to stabilize its rear. In order to prevent the enemy from intercepting the attack, and thus falling into fatal danger. The second is the safety of the rear, continueSpurring troops to the south, attacking Busan, where the enemy is entrenched, and realizing the unification of the peninsula. Obviously, the golden generation eager to win chose the latter.
As the "Japanese Emperor"MacArthur, is also brewing a terrifying plan-Inchon landing. MacArthur has made great achievements in the Pacific battlefield, especially in the battle against the Japanese islands. His original "leapfrog method" has allowed MacArthur to go directly to the center of the military stage. The "leapfrog" method of tactics is to take advantage of the high mobility of the U.S. military to unexpectedly carry out amphibious landings on the Japanese army’s weak defenses, or even undefended rear areas, thereby gradually disintegrating the enemy’s defenses. The Battle of Luzon The Battle of Okinawa is a model.
So , MacArthur wanted to stage the myth once again, and the specific landing location was Incheon. Incheon has a special geographical location. Although it is only a small port on the west coast of the peninsula, is a battleground for warriors. It is located in the east and west of the peninsula. The "bee waist" of the direction, this is very important to the Korean army at that time. Not only that, Incheon is only 40 kilometers away from the military city of Seoul. Once Incheon loses, it will be an exaggeration. , The Korean army is very likely to fall to the point of destruction.
However, such an important strategic point,The North Korean army only stationed a force of less than 1,000 men and not equipped with any heavy weapons (the heaviest weapons were just a few small-caliber artillery and a few machine guns). ReasonIt is the high-level Americans, including the President of the United States, who do not believe that Incheon can conduct large-scale amphibious landing operations, not to mention that the North Korean army is insufficient and will not send heavy troops to defend Incheon.
Incheon has a special geographical location, climatic conditions, and a very complicated hydrological environment.Therefore, Incheon Port is also known as the most difficult port in the world for amphibious landing! The huge tidal range has caused the Incheon Port to form a mud flat of more than 24 kilometers. The silt formed by this tidal range is very soft and extremely viscous. Once a ship ran aground or missed the tide, it would have to be stuck in the mud and immobile. Not only that, there is only a very narrow and long channel that allows ships to enter Incheon. If the US military implements a large-scale amphibious landing, as long as there is any problem with one warship, the entire channel will be completely destroyed.The bottom is blocked, the front one can't get out, and the back one can't get in.
Based on this situation, when MacArthur proposed the plan for the landing of Incheon in the office of Tokyo No. 1 Building, all the military strategists present were even those who did not understand military affairs at all.They all think that this five-star general is crazy! After discussion by the participants, they agreed that: "The feasibility of the landing in Incheon is almost zero. If the landing in Incheon is successful, the textbooks of the U.S. Navy will have to be revised." When the then President of the United States, Truman, received this combat plan, he also expressed great opposition.
Although the plan to land in Incheon has been opposed, the successful landing in Incheon will directly reverse the entire battle in one fell swoop, but the same is what the US Navy did. The risk is no less than a one-to-five thousand bet. Finally, with MacArthur’s almost paranoid insistence, the United States finally agreed to the landing operation.
After getting approval, MacArthur immediately implemented the first step of his plan. He asked all radio stations to publicize and report the news that the Busan Defenders will launch a large-scale counterattack in order to contain the main force of the North Korean army. At the same time, he ordered the battleship "Missouri", the aircraft carrier "Trim Gai" and the "SeaThe cruiser "Lenna" carried out violent bombings on the most likely ports such as Pyongyang Outer Harbor, Nangang, and Gunsan Port, which were like violent bombings before the actual landing operation. To further confuse the Kim generation, he It also dispatched a joint aircraft group composed of the United States and Britain to conduct decent combat reconnaissance on the coast of the mountains.
In the early morning of September 15, 1950, MacArthur sat on his flagship "McKinley Hill" and issued The code-named "Branding Iron" signaled the start of the Incheon landing operation.4 US cruisers and 8 destroyers poured 2845 on a small island called "Moontail" outside Incheon in less than 45 minutes Shells.Wolmi Island was bombed at the same time that the U.S. Air Force also launched a large-scale bombing of Incheon.At 5:30 pm, the first U.S. military successfully landed on the land of Incheon. In one hour, the U.S. Army completely captured Incheon at a small cost of only 20 soldiers. In the next five days, the U.S. Army landed from Incheon.68,000 soldiers, a large number of tanks and armored vehicles, and countless weapons and equipment.
, The North Korean army was immediately devastated. Before my volunteers fired the first shot on October 25th, Gold generationOf the troops, only the strength of three divisions can be put into battle.