In 263 AD, Sima Zhao, who controlled the power of Cao Wei, sent Zhong Hui, Deng Ai, Zhuge Xu and others to expedite Shu, and Liu Chan sent Zhang Yi, Liao Hua, Dong Jue and others to resist the enemy. Jiang Wei led the crowd to block Zhong Hui's more than 100,000 troops at Jiange, but Deng Ai smuggled into Yinping and went straight to Chengdu. In the end, Liu Chan, the queen of Shuhan, gave up resistance. After the fall of the Shu Han, Liu Chan moved to Luoyang, the capital of the Wei Kingdom, and was named the official of Anle County. Liu Chan spent the rest of his life in Luoyang happily. Correspondingly, in the case of Dongwu, in the fourth year of the Tianji period (280 years), Wu was annihilated by the Western Jin Dynasty, and Sun Hao surrendered to the Western Jin Dynasty and was named the Hou of Guiming. He died in Luoyang four years later. As everyone knows, "Gonghou Bozi Nan", Liu Chan's An Le Duke is obviously higher than Sun Hao's return in nobility. So, the question is, Liu Chan was named An Le Gong after he surrendered. Why did Sun Hao be named Hou Fu after he surrendered?
First of all, in the three kingdoms of Wei, Shu and Wu, he is also the king of subjugation, Liu Chanhe, the queen of Shu Han The treatment of Sun Hao in the Western Jin Dynasty and the Sima clan was obviously different, that is, the former was a duke and the latter was a marquis. The reasons are mainly divided into the following points. On the one hand, according to historical records such as "Three Kingdoms" and "Book of Jin", in August 263 AD, Sima Zhao, who had the power of Cao and Wei, decided to launch a war against the Shu Han and dispatched Zhonghui, Deng Ai, and Zhuge Xu to three roads.Attack Shu. Shu generals Jiang Wei and Liao Hua led their troops to use the dangerous road of Jiange (now Sichuan Jiange) as a barrier to block the main force of the Wei army. In November 263 AD, the Shu Han officially perished, beginning the prelude to the unification of the Three Kingdoms era. In this context, although the Sima clan eliminated Shu Han, Soochow is still a strong opponent.
So, for Sima For me, treat Shu favorablyLiu Chan, the post-Han lord, named him An Le Gong, which helped to divide and collapse the resistance of Soochow. In other words, Sima named Liu Chan, the post-master of Shu Han, as An Le Gong, not only to win over the soldiers from the original Shu Han area, but also to show them to Soochow. The subtext is that if they voluntarily surrender, the subsequent treatment will not be bad. of. However, by 280 AD, when the Western Jin Dynasty officially eliminated the Dongwu, the period of the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu and Wu had ended. Therefore, Sima Yan has no need to treat him favorably when dealing with Sun Hao, the king of the subjugation of the Eastern Wu. On this basis, Sun Hao was only named the Houhou, but not duke like Liu Chan.
On the other hand, as far as the Shu Han is concerned, Liu Bei, as a descendant of the Han family, worked in Cao Pi After usurping the Han and reliing on itself, he also chose to become emperor. Therefore, the Shu Han is a power that sits on an equal footing with Cao Weiping. At least in name, both Shu Han and Cao Wei regard themselves as orthodox. Correspondingly, the Dongwu established by Sun Quan, Once surrendered to Cao Wei. In the first year of Huang Wu (222), Sun Quan was canonized as the King of Wu by Wei Wendi Cao Pi and established the State of Wu. In the same year, Sun Quan defeated Liu Bei in the battle of Yiling. In the first year of Huanglong (229), he was officially in Wuchang. Proclaimed the emperor, the country was named Wu, and soon moved to the capital to build a business. For Sun Quan and Dongwu, they were Cao Wei’s courtiers for a long time, and, for Sun Quan, theirProclaiming the emperor is not justified.
Finally, let’s go further , Liu Bei proclaimed himself emperor because he was a descendant of the Han Dynasty and his goal was to revive the Han Dynasty. As for the Cao Wei established by Cao Pi, it was also nominally the surrender of the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Emperor of the Han Dynasty, so it is more reasonable. As for Soochow and Sun Quan, because they lacked justifiable reasons, they were in charge of Cao Pi and Liu Bei.After proclaiming emperor, Sun Quan chose to bow to Cao Wei and Chen Chen. On this basis, the Sima family naturally chose a different treatment plan when facing the subjugated monarchs of Shuhan and Dongwu. In addition, as far as Liu Chan is concerned, although his ability is not strong, he is a well-behaved emperor after all. Correspondingly, the emperor Sun Hao of Dongwu was indulged in drinking, specialized in killing, and became mediocre and tyrannical. His behavior was despised by Sima. Therefore, Sima named his later master Liu Chan as An Le Gong, but he gave Sun Hao the treatment of a marquis. What do you think of this? Welcome to leave your views and let us discuss them together.