In April of the 21st year of Jian’an (216 years), Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty canonized Cao Cao as King of Wei, and Jiajuxi was ranked above the princes. I’m not polite to say this time Although Cao Cao was named Han Chen, he was actually an emperor. After entering the title of King Wei, the princes of the world and the Han-supporting faction all thought that Cao Cao's next move would be to replace the Han clan and become emperor.
But history tells us that Cao Cao did not finish the last move of his life in such a good situation, so people of later generations Begin to explore the reasons why Cao Cao did not claim emperor. Regarding these statements, there are three points to summarize:
First, if Cao Cao proclaims emperor, it will give political enemies and internal The Pro-Hanist faction (powers supporting Han Xiandi) increased their attacking rhetoric and made themselves politically passive. It was precisely to avoid this situation that Cao Cao had to continue to use the signboard of Han Xiandi. But it is not difficult to find that at that time In fact, the Han-supporting faction is so weak that it can’t become a climate.
Secondly, fromSince the 15th year of Jian'an, Cao Cao has repeatedly and sincerely declared that he has no self-reliance in the Han Dynasty. If he suddenly changes his mind, his reputation and reputation will be adversely affected. Therefore, Cao Cao had no choice but to suppress his emperor dream.
Thirdly, Cao Cao was old at that time High, self-estimation willSoon in the world, so I can't bear it. In fact, throughout history, proclaiming emperor and age have basically nothing to do with each other. In the sixtieth year of the sixties, there were many people who were lonely and widowed, and Liu Bei was the contemporary of Cao Cao.
In fact, the statements and discussions like the above are not really meaningful. If you understand Cao Cao’s life experience, you will know that his original aspirations were not to become emperor. It is to establish an independent kingdom under the name of Emperor Han. In the final analysis, it is to restore the feudal system of the Zhou Dynasty and establish a feudal system with the emperor of the Han Dynasty as the co-master of the world and the state of Wei as the dominant.
From the historical data "Wei Lue" and "Wei Shi Chunqiu", in the winter of the twenty-fourth year of Jian’an (219 years), Cao and Sun joined hands After defeating Guan Yu, Sun Quan wrote to Cao Cao, persuading him to obey the fate, earlyproclaim oneself emperor. Even many people in Cao Cao's camp, such as Chen Qun, Huanjie, Xiahoudun, etc., also had the power to support Cao Cao on behalf of the Han.
From the perspective of the situation in the last year of Jian’an, If Cao Cao really wants to become emperor, almost no one can stop him. First of all, Sun Quan, who temporarily turned the enemy into a friend, expressed support, although such supportSustainability is conditional. The condition is that in the future of Sun and Liu’s evil, Cao Cao will support Sun Quan, but it can be seen that Sun Quan does not really support him. Secondly, Cao Cao’s camp also eagerly expects him to be the emperor, so that he can be justified. Be the founding hero; in the end, although two unrest broke out in the Xudu regime, they were small in scale and lasted for a short time. Compared with the powerful Cao Cao faction, the Han Yu faction was of little importance.
It is impossible for Cao Cao not to understand these situations, but he still refused to go further, saying: “I’m the one who wants to stand on the fire (Sun Quanna The kid actually wants to put me on the stove to bake)!" and said: "If my destiny is in me, I will be the king of Zhou Wen."
Cao Cao took the emperor to make the princes, He ended up in infamy, saying that he was "a Chinese thief in the name of the Han Dynasty," but compared with those of his contemporaries, Cao Cao not only contributed the most to the Han Dynasty, but also had the least ambition. Cao Cao once said: There are loneliness, I don't know how many people will be the emperor and how many will be the king. "This statement is reasonable, and it is obvious to all, but unfortunately, such a truthful statement cannot be recognized by the world.
In the troubled times when the heroes came together at the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Cao Cao refused to claim the emperor, and it was the biggest mistake that he refused to stand on behalf of the Han. In fact, he should have cut the mess with a sharp knife, decisively dethroned the Han Emperor Xiandi, and became the founding emperor with good reputation. If this were the case, who would call him a "Chinese thief" or a "traitful male"?
Cao Cao’s sorrow is that he can be the real Wei Wu Emperor and has the ability to govern the country, but he wants to be Zhou Wenwang, but he has become a less successful one. Power minister. He could neither play with the emperor like a puppet like Dong Zhuo, nor play with power like Zhuge Liang.