Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

2020-08-03 14:54:40 0 Comment 1086 views

It was the spring of literature in the first two years of Daye. Wenzhi martial arts is the great cause of the ages, so he especially designated his re


Da Ye Two Year (606 AD), that was the spring of literature.

Yang Guang, who has only ascended the throne for two years, is ready to do something to catch up with the Emperor Qin and Hanwu. Wenzhi martial arts is the great cause of the ages, so he especially designated his reign as the great cause. As a result, Yang Guang's upper palace suddenly changed his face. For example, the palace that was expelled by the first emperor Yang JianThe guard of honor of court and folk music was called back by Yang Guang, and a group of literati were also called back.

Because Yang Guangai writes poems.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

A poet with a dream of poetry meets an emperor who loves poetry It doesn't seem to be a bad thing. At the age of fifteen, Wang Ji left his hometown of Jiangzhou Longmen and went to Chang'an.

Wang Ji was still an unknown person that year. WhoHe did not expect that many years later, he would be the first poet on the list in "The Biography of the Talents of the Tang Dynasty".

After Wang Ji entered the city of Chang'an, he didn't hesitate to go straight to see Yang Su.

In the history of the Sui Dynasty, Yang Su was a mixed-person person. He has always had great ambitions. He used wolf-like tactics to smash and fight on the battlefield and established an immortal feat. Then, with his extraordinary emotional intelligence, he was able to do a good job between Yang Jian and Yang Guang and made a left-hand shot. Below, above ten thousand people.

On that day, Yang Su's Mansion held a super banquet. Those who went to the banquet were all famous celebrities from the dynasty.

It is a wishful thinking for ordinary people to participate in such a super banquet.

What is surprising is that after Wang Ji handed in his business card in front of Yang Su's mansion, someone soon led him to Yang Su.

First nameFilm, that era was called "thorn".

Yang Su is a proud man. He picked up Wang Jiming and glanced at him, his eyes suddenly showing arrogance.

When Wang Ji saw this, he folded his hands and said calmly: "I heard that when Zhou Gong accepts talents, he spit out food and walks quickly to welcome guests. Ming Gong, if you want to keep your prosperity and wealth, you should not be so arrogant. Treat the magi with love!"

The whole house was surprised by the words.

At this time, a big guy walked up to Wang Ji with surprise on his face: "Wang Lang is Wang Du Yushi's brother? Alas, looking at your spirit today, you must be the brother of Brother Xian!"

It turns out that Wang Ji turned out to be the younger brother of Wang Du Yushi, no wonder he is so confident.

Wang Ji didn't expect that among the crowd of guests, there would be a big man who recognized him. This man was He Ruobi, a well-known general of the dynasty. When Chen Changjiang was the army of the Sui Dynasty, he took the lead to attack Jiankang City and destroy Chen.The first hero of North Korea.

More importantly, He Ruobi is also a good friend of Wang Ji's brother Wang Du.

In the eyes of many surprises, He Ruobi took Wang Ji's hand and walked to the seat and sat down, and said to Yue Gong Yang Su: "This is Fang Kongrong, and Yang Gong does not detract from Li Sili! ”

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

Recalling the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Kong Rong entered Luoyang with his father at the age of ten , Heard about Li Yin's fameVery big, decided to meet him.

Li Ying’s official to Sili school lieutenant, known as Li Sili, when it is, everyone who can enter Li Ying’s mansion are talented and famous, or else Only with a high reputation or relatives can be led in. The people who were lucky enough to be interviewed by Li Ying were called "Denglongmen" from time to time, and they were extremely prominent.

Ten-year-old Kong Rong came to Li Ying’s house and said to the gatekeeper: "I am a relative of Li Sili."

When the gatekeeper saw him as a child, he didn’t expect him He dared to tell lies, did not dare to neglect, and led Kong Rong in. When Li Ying saw the stranger Kong Rong, he was puzzled: "What kind of relative are we?"

Kong Rong said: "I think my ancestor Confucius once worshipped your ancestor Li Dan. We are teachers, so we two are relatives who have been in friendship from generation to generation."

The relatives who climbed up to come up with such novel words, let LiThere was an uproar with a guest.

At this time, the Taizhong doctor Chen Yun came in and heard others praise Kong Rong, and smiled disapprovingly: "You are smart when you are young, and you may not have talent when you grow up."

Kong Rong Immediately refuted Chen Yun: "I guess you must have been very smart when you were a kid."

Chen Yun said nothing of himself.

This story of young Kong Rong was recorded in "Shi Shuo Xin Yu" by Liu Yiqing, and has been talked about for many years.

Unexpectedly, three or four hundred years later, Yang Su met a genius similar to Kong Rong, and he was complimented to become Li Ying.

It doesn’t work if you don’t want to look good.

He Ruobi said nothing, Yang Su looked very good, and immediately treated Wang Ji with courtesy.

After sitting down, Wang Ji calmly talked about articles and current affairs with the guests. His words are new and elegant, his logic is new and clear, his arguments are eloquent, and he is shocked.They have all described him as "a fairy boy."

During the heyday of the Tang Dynasty, Li Bai, who had just debuted in the Tang Dynasty, was alone in the world of poetry in the Tang Dynasty. When he took "The Road to Shu" to He Zhizhang to read, he was a big literary figure. Reading it, He Zhizhang exclaimed to Li Bai: "You are the immortal!"

For He Zhizhang's praise, Li Bai will never forget it. Li Bai's gratitude for He Zhizhang has been felt by everyone who has been appreciated by Bole since ancient times.

Looking back at Wang Ji’s participation in the first super banquet in Yang Su’s mansion, perhaps what made him most proud was not that He Ruobi called him the current Kong Rong, nor was it because he conquered the power predator Yang Su. Instead, let the biggest names in the literary world of the Sui Dynasty boast about him.

Emperor Yang Guang once boasted to his officials at the court meeting: "You only see me from the emperor's family. If I take the exam with you, I will be number one in the world."

Yang Guang’s arrogance is incomparable. Mr. Bo Yang said that this man had macrocephaly, so he boasted that he was number one in literary talent at the court, and no one would take it seriously.

If he says he is number one in the world, where would Xue Daoheng put it?

Xue Daoxi was the first poet and literary leader in the Sui Dynasty. He was always relied upon by Yang Jian, the first emperor, and he wrote many eulogizing works.

Xue Daoheng once wrote a well-known poem "Xi Xi Yan", which contains a pair of very delicate confrontations: "The cobwebs hang in the dark, and the empty beams fall into the mud."

It is said that Yang Guang, who claims to be the number one literary talent in the world, felt a sorrow when he read this poem.

Because he really couldn't write such a delicate poem despite his talents throughout his life.

Xue Daoheng is a good friend of Yang Su. The two have always liked to write poems and sing and appreciate each other. So at that super banquet, Xue Daoheng also came.

Wang Ji asked Xue Daoheng for his "Dragon Gate Recalling Yu Yu Fu". Xue Daoheng read it and cried out in amazement: "Yu Xin is also today!"

Yu Xin, a literary writer in the Northern and Southern Dynasties Synthesizer.

Comparing the talent of a fifteen-year-old juvenile's Cifu to today's Yu Xin, and it came from the literary leader of the Sui Dynasty, is this absolutely not flattery?

To enjoy the boast, Xue Daoheng also showed his work "Ping Chen Song", which was the proud Hongfu written by Xue Daoheng when Emperor Wen of Sui destroyed the Chen Dynasty.

Wang Ji only listened to Xue Daoheng reciting it once, and then recited the "Ping Chen Song" without missing a word. Xue Daoheng's eyes lit up again, and he couldn't help exclaiming: "This Wang Zhongxuan too!"

Wang Zhongxuan, Wang Can, the seven sons of Jian'an, whose Ci Fu is the crown of the seven sons of Jian'an.

With only one meal, Wang Ji won such a honor: the fairy boy, today’s Kong Rong and Yu Xin,Wang Can reborn!

Zhang Ailing said that she should become famous as soon as possible. Wang Ji finally caught up with this wave.

Since then, Wang Ji has risen to fame and is known all over the world.


Life is like a post, and a false name is like a cloud.

The year Wang Ji returned from the Yang Su banquet, Yang Su was forced to death by Yang Guang. In the second year, He Ruobi was also killed for slandering the government. In the next two years, when Wang Ji was eighteen years old, the literary leader Xue Daoheng repeatedly wrote letters to mock Yang Guang, forcing Yang Guang to attack him too.

The people who once appreciated him all left one by one, when he had nothing.

All this seems like a dreamnightmare!

And the creators of all these nightmares are Yang Guang suffering from macrocephaly.

Building the Grand Canal, repairing the palace garden, repairing the dragon boat, repairing the Great Wall, repairing the eastern capital of Luoyang, repairing repairs, Yang Guang seems to have suffered from infrastructure madness, and the world is in a commotion.

The more terrifying thing is war.

An expedition to Goguryeo, another expedition to Goguryeo, people's grievances are rife, the world is in danger.

But what does Yang Guang do?

In July of this year, Yang Su’s son Yang Xuangan took advantage of Yang Guang’s expedition and suddenly rebelled in the rear. At that time, the world was in chaos into a pot of porridge.

The times are so turbulent, where does Wang Ji go?

At that time, Wang Ji's elder brother, Wang Du, was still in officialdom, and his third brother, Wang Tong, was a great Confucian who studied ancient and modern. Wang Tong was in the arena and worried about society. When he heard that Yang Guang was going to dig the Grand Canal, he said sadly: "Exhausted manpower!" Then he heard about Yang Guang.To expedition to Goguryeo, he desperately said: "(The Sui Dynasty) disaster has begun!" For many years, Wang Ji sometimes followed his elder brother Wang Du, and more often stayed beside Wang Tong to study. With his ears and eyes, he seemed to have discovered the absurdity of the poet Yang Guang. A poet is not worthy of being an emperor, just like Chen Shubao in the Chen Dynasty, an artist would mess up as soon as he became an emperor.

But manpower cannot change it.

But the great era has changed Wang Ji.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

Ten years of great cause (A.D. 614), the 23-year-old Wang Ji went out to seek an official job. He took part in the examination of filial piety and integrity, and won the first place in one fell swoop, and was awarded the secretary provincial orthographic.

Secretary Province, this is a central organization that specializes in managing the collection of books; orthography is a work of proofreading and correcting classics and periodicals, a typical idle job.

The position is a bit low, but the Chief of People's Chief Ancheng, this is what many local officials dream of.

Wang Ji did an amazing move, voluntarily requesting the release of Chang'an and seeking a position as the prime minister in Liuhe County, Yangzhou.

He seems to have figured it out. Being an official in such a troubled world is just to make ends meet. How can there be any ideals? If he wants to say he has ideals, he just wants to be his true self, resisting the absurd times as a humble poet.

BianIn the turbulent times, this may be an inescapable disaster. During the three hundred years of the Wei and Jin Dynasties, where is the troubled world? The representative of Zhengshi Voice, Ruan Ji and Tao Yuanming's law of survival in troubled times at the end of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, seemed to point out a remaining hope for Wang Ji.

One of Ruan Ji's Tao Yuanming's sharp tools to save his inner pain is wine.

Regarding Wang Ji’s first official career, The New Book of Tang Dynasty wrote: “In the great cause, filial piety and cleanliness should be promoted, and the secretary should be given the correct character. Not happy in the court, seeking to be Liuhecheng , Because he is addicted to alcohol and not doing anything, the world is in chaos nowadays. Because of the impeachment, he got rid of it."

Why is Wang Ji unhappy in the court? That is because he doesn't want to be in court. Hairpin Li Wat", I want to go to a remote place to be happy.

When he was a county prime minister in Liuhe County, Yangzhou, he almost only did one thing, only drinking, no matter what.

Drink to the fullest, poetry naturallyJust popped up.

After getting drunk

Wang Ji

Ruan Ji wakes up less often, and spends more days intoxicated.

Hundred years are enough to live and sing.

So addicted to alcohol, no matter what, the boss supervised in a hurry. Can't go down. After himWhen someone was impeached, Wang Ji had to hand over his salary and put it in front of the county gate. The wind was rushing to excuse him, and he ran away in a canoe overnight.

The night is vast and there is nowhere to go. Wang Jiangtian sighed: "The snare is hanging high, and go to Jiangan?"

Yes, the world is like a net, where else can he go?


After escaping from Liuhe County by boat, Wang Ji did not go home, but with a kind of self Wander the world in exile. According to historical data, "He traveled all over the mountains and rivers, first to the Songshan Shaoshan, that is, he entered Jishan, went to the Ningshui River, went through Taihe, Shenyujing, and then came out of Song Bian. He traveled south of the Yangtze River, crossed the Guangling Yangzi River, and entered the Qufangling Mountain. In August, I traveled to Zhejiang, watched the tide and went to sea, went straight to Nanpu, then climbed to the rooftop, returned to Kuaiji, visited Yuzhang, passed through the wind city, and visited old people."

, Wang Jicai wandered back to his home Longmen.

In another two years, the Sui Dynasty fell and the Tang Dynasty rose.

The Sui Dynasty destroyed the Tang Dynasty. This is a watershed in history, a watershed in Wang Ji's life, and a watershed in the history of Chinese literature. When history is changing from the old to the new, no one knows that someone in the arena of Tang poetry has risen up to do something.

Chinese classical poems range from "The Book of Songs" which is "sorrow but not hurt, and happiness but not lewdness" to "Li Sao" which Qu Yuan chants sorrow to himself as a "vanilla beauty"; From the "Nineteen Ancient Poems" and "Han Yuefu" to the generous and desolate Jian'an style; from the dull and disillusioned Zhengshi's voice to the Taikang literature of "Lu Cai is like the sea, Pan Cai is like a river", from Tao Yuanming The landscape and idyllic poetry of "Chering a chrysanthemum under the eastern fence, leisurely seeing Nanshan" is the beginning, to Xie Lingyun, to Xie Tiao of Qiliang of the Southern Dynasties; if you are serious, you must find that this history of Chinese classical poetry does not matterRegardless of sorrow, the content of singing is healthy and conforms to moral aesthetics.

In other words, this history of poetry is in line with our three views.

Until a short-lived dynasty appeared, a literary youth emperor, he subverted our three views with unprecedented literary views.

In the second year of Zhongxing (502 AD), there was a general with military power who accepted the "Zen throne" of Emperor Xiao Baorong of Nanqi and became emperor.

The emperor’s name was Xiao Yan, and he was known as Emperor Wu of Liang in history.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

The ancient emperor, don’t think that he brought the word "wu" He was just a war mad who didn’t know the big words. On the contrary, the emperor who crossed the battlefield was a writer who was rich in literature and history, agile in thought, and brilliant in writing.

This writer emperor had three sons. They are the prince Xiao Tong, the king of Xiangdong Xiao Yi, and the king of Jin’an Xiao Gang.

Xiao Gang was the third son, but the prince Xiao Tong seemed to think that his energy was unusual, even In my dreams, I dreamed that this half-brother was going to seize his power. So Xiao Tong said to the people around me in melancholy: "I dreamed that playing chess with King Jin’an messed up the game. To him. "

Said it!

In a few days, Xiao Tong got sickAfter leaving, Xiao Gang, the king of Jinan, entered the dynasty and was named the prince.

At that time, Emperor Wu of Liang was still there. When Xiao Gang, a young literary man, was the prince in the East Palace, he did not read "Spring and Autumn", but played with poetry.

At that time, the literature of the whole China, the literature of the Southern Dynasty was the mainstream. The culture of the Northern Dynasties after the Five Husbands in China was barren, and the cultural people from the north moved south one after another, so northern literature was marginalized.

In other words, as long as you become famous in the Southern Dynasties, you can dominate the entire poetry world of China.

So, who will be the leader of the Southern Dynasties' poetry world?

Xiao Gang did not inferiorly let him take on this responsibility. He actively prepared an Donggong literary group, sang the world and became the literary leader of the Southern Dynasty.

If Xiao Gang is the leader of Southern Dynasty literature, then the deputy leader is Xiangdong King Xiao Yi. The two had the same father and different mother, but they were in a good relationship.Xiao Gang is called "Cao Pi", and Xiao Yi is called "Cao Zhi".

There were "Three Cao" in ancient times and "Three Xiaos" today. They are both the gates of literature. Why not be happy?

I think back then, Jian’an’s "Three Cao" poems admired the ages, and the current situation was chaotic, time was short, but they were all actively forging ahead. Unexpectedly, today's Xiao Clan's Eastern Palace Literature Group has developed a unique court body since ancient times, singing every night, and lustful.

Xiao Gang’s literary style, even Wei Zheng, the founding minister of the Tang dynasty, when writing "Sui Shu", said with exclamation that the literature since the Qi and Liang Dynasties is simply the voice of the country's subjugation.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

From the poems of the three fathers and sons of the Xiao family, we can find that there is only one theme of the so-called court theme, woman, woman, or woman.

A dynasty that is addicted to women, or one that is addicted to thinking Can the dynasty of women and nightclub women survive the country?

Such a soft voice of subjugation is not good.

As a poet of the early Tang Dynasty, Wang Ji does not desire to benefit the world but desires A poet who has done something in literature, can he miss this opportunity to fight court poetry?

How to save the current poetry, turn the tide, and change the polluted early Tang poetry world from the wilting spirit, this isThe most realistic issue facing Wang Ji.

For Wang Ji personally, the most realistic thing is to start from the chaos.

The rivers and lakes before the court poetry ruled the Chinese poetry circle, it was the world of landscape and idyllic poetry. To get rid of the chaos, we must rebuild the sect of landscape and pastoral poetry since the Eastern Jin Dynasty, and let Tao Yuanming and Xie Lingyun's light illuminate the early Tang literary world that has been tainted by Qi Liang Zhifen's literary spirit, and the weak and weak literary body.

In the dark, this is an arrangement.

He likes to accept this fateful arrangement.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

Wang Ji began to live in seclusion in the village. He chose by the river He builds a house on a piece of land, and he owns more than ten hectares of land, and a few servants and maidservants join him in farming. The farm is to produce grain, and when he has the grain, he uses it to make wine. Then he raises a group of wild ducks in the river and grows some herbs for himself. .

He took a nickname for himself "Dong Gaozi", and the one who drank with him every day was also a hermit called Zhong eldest son Guang. Zhong eldest son Guang had no wife and children, and no worries. If There are still worries, and drinking is the biggest worries.

There are three books on the bedside of Wang Ji, namely "The Book of Changes", "Laozi" and "Zhuangzi". Other than that, he has no intentions. If Lao Zhuang is a poet in philosophy, then Tao Yuanming was a philosopher in poetry a hundred years ago, and Wang Ji isAn outstanding poet who inherited Tao Yuanming's mantle.

Farming, drinking, reading, the world is in its own way, the spirit is outside, what do you do with me?

According to the standards of the village at the time, these were two unscrupulous men.

One was dismissed because he was drunk and no matter what happened, the other was deprived of wife and child because of good wine, and the time was soaked up for a single word of alcohol. Isn't this unreality?

The secular evaluation standards and Wang Ji's life standards are not on the same channel at all. As for world affairs, Wang Ji has already seen through, and a poem "Presented to Cheng Shi" is enough to express his attitude and position in life.

Zengcheng Office

A hundred years of disturbance, everything is well known.

The daylight falls freely and the river flows freely.

Li and music prisoner Ji Dan, poetry and book bound Kong Qiu.

It’s better to sit back and relax.

What makes Wang Ji even more disdainful is that the world only saw wine in Wang Ji’s eyes, but Not see him aloneIn my heart is the dream of restoring the landscape of the idyllic school.

He has sharpened his sword and is ready to brighten his sword.

Wild Hope

Donggao looks at dusk, and relies on what he wants.

The trees are all in autumn, and the hills and mountains are only shining.

Shepherds drive calves back, hunt horses and bring birds back. p>

If you have no acquaintance with each other, the song is full of joy.

There is no such thing as the southern dynasty's powdery air, it means that it is the one who walks alone at the foot of Nanshan Mountain Tao Yuanming is reborn.

"Yewang" is Wang Ji's mature work. As soon as his poem came out, the court-style poems since Qi and Liang were all overshadowed. Since then, Wang Ji’s landscape and pastoral poems gushing like springs, and his works selected in "The Poems of the Tang Dynasty" are like bombs. Every capital blows up water splashes, and every capital has to shake off the thick layer of the palace body. cosmetics.

It is a pity that Xue Daoheng is no longer alive, otherwise he will be called "Tao Qian Reborn" again.

Xue Daoheng has passed away, who else in the world understands Wang Ji? Maybe he was destined to be a lonely knight in the poetry world of the early Tang Dynasty, but he seemed to enjoy the loneliness and loneliness.

The stick finds the hermit

Find hermits with a stick, and gradually get credit for everything.

The stone beams crosswise and the earth room reflects the mountain slope.

Even though Xiaoran has a house, Wei Nian is homeless.

The dead leaves are burnt with wine, and the flowers are covered with books.

The new fishing is new, the old one is Maoling.

Every year you have grown like this, you can only know that you are wise.

Runming empty valley, drinking and reading, wild fishing, life is like this, how can a husband ask for it? How big is the world, is there a lone traveler who is more unique than Wang Ji, smiling proud and degenerate?


Wang Ji, who had lived in the countryside for four years in the sixth year of Wude (AD 623), left his hometown suddenly and went to Chang'an.


Accurately, he was enlisted in the imperial court by the emperor of the Tang Dynasty.

At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, the emperor Li Yuan, who was eager to make a difference, issued an edict and solicited. Officials of the former dynasty came out to serve the new dynasty.

Wang Ji, with his status as the Chengliuhe County of Yangzhou, was conscripted to the Menxia Province as a waiting edict.

The Menxia Province is a Department of power, and waiting for the edict is to wait for the emperor’s orders at any time. Those who do the duty of waiting are all skilled. Wang Ji is good at poems, and also arithmetic. Let him be an edict, that’s more than enough.

You can ask a person who is good at poetry and prose to go to the school to save the edict, nothing more than to sing praises, this kind of work, WangHow could Ji like it?

Wang Jing, the younger brother of the emperor’s guard at the time, asked Wang Ji: "Is he satisfied with the job?"

Wang Ji shook his head and smiled bitterly: "How can I spend this salary? Three liters of good wine a day is a little worthy of nostalgia."

It turned out that I came out to be an official to drink with alcohol.

Wang Ji said a half-joking, and it was soon passed to Chen Shuda, the governor of the province, who was the servant at the time.

The chief surnamed Chen is not small, this person is the half brother of Chen Shubao of the Chen Dynasty, and the status of the Chen Dynasty royal family. After the death of Chen Shubao, who loves to drink and make poetry, Chen Shuda had to go to Luoyang to become an official. After the fall of the Sui Dynasty, he surrendered to the Tang Dynasty and even became the highest official of the province.

More importantly, Chen Shuda is still an old friend Wang Ji knew.

Chen Shuda said to Wang Ji: "I heard that the threeA good wine is not enough to keep Mr. Wang, so I make an exception and give you a bucket of wine every day. "

It is a great blessing from heaven!

The chief took care of this, and now he can drink with peace of mind. So Wang Ji fights every day, and the rivers and lakes quickly start him again. A nickname, "Bachelor of Fighting Wine." ”

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

One drink is eight years.

One dayOne fight, nearly three thousand fights in eight years, is that more than a cool word? After drinking it to the cool place, Wang Ji all raised his head and sighed: "I hate Liu Ling and drink with closed doors."

The seven sages of the bamboo forest in the Wei and Jin dynasties can drink. As for those who regard drinking as their career, Liu Ling is probably the most typical. Because of drinking, Liu Ling didn't know how many times he had a big fight with his wife. What's even more outrageous was that when he went out, he asked his servant to bring a hoe, and said to the servant jokingly, "Follow me, and bury me wherever I die. where.

The world's alcoholics drink, who dares to say that he surpasses Liu Ling?

In the early Tang Dynasty, Wang Ji had no opponents in writing poems, and he had no opponents in drinking, and there was no master like Liu Ling to fight him.

Perhaps, this is the loneliness of defeat in the Jiujianghu?

In the fifth year of Zhenguan (631 AD), he made up an excuse for being sick, left Chang'an and went home.

No one knows himWhy do you want to leave the prosperous Chang'an where everyone is looking away, and go back to the country where the chickens and dogs croak.

And I speculate that Wang Ji's departure from Chang'an is related to one person.

This is a special case of Chen Shuda who offered him a pot of wine a day.

In the first year of Zhenguan, Chen Shuda had a big quarrel with his relative Xiao Yu at the court meeting. He was dismissed from the court and left the court for the time being.

The chief who gave him the special wine is gone, can Wang Ji drink any special wine? If you can't drink the special wine, is there any need to stay in this officialdom?

Wang Ji waved his sleeves and left without a cloud, just as he came quietly.

This is the second time that Wang Ji has retired.

What is surprising is that after only two years, Wang Ji ran out of the country to seek an official.

It’s not because Wang Ji couldn’t bear to be lonely, but because of wineThe temptation is too great.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

More than three hundred years ago, Ruan Ji, a celebrity in the Western Jin Dynasty, was repeatedly taken by the Sima family. Enlisted, but always tactfully refused to go into office. This guy who was annoyed by Sima Zhao suddenly came out one day and said that he wanted to be an infantry captain.

Ruan Ji's request for officials is nothing but wine.

He heard that the infantry school lieutenant chef is good at brewing, and he saves 300 hus. Nothing.Said, came straight.

Good drinker, but that's all.

Today, more than three hundred years later, the story of seeking officials for wine is like a rebroadcast of an old film. Wang Ji heard that Shi Jiaoge Jiashan Brewing in Taile Office took the initiative to request that he wanted to be Too Le Cheng.

Soon, the official department responded to him. You do not meet the grade requirements and you are not approved.

Wang Ji stubbornly asked again: "Being too Le Cheng is my urgent desire. You guys think about it again."

After a long time, the official replied: You won.

Wang Ji became Tai Le Cheng as he wished, and drank Jiao Ge's home-brewed wine.

Good horses are born for Bole, and alcoholics are born for winemakers. It is a pleasant thing in life. But before long, the winemaker Jiao Ge passed away. In another year, Jiao Ge's wife, who had been delivering wine to Wang Ji, also passed away.

This is the day to cut off my drinkWhat?

If the wine master is not there, the good wine will not be drunk again, what else can the court miss?

The wayward Wang Ji resigned again and ran back to his hometown.


Three Shis and Three Yins, each time they leave a legend for poetry and wine.

The third time Wang Ji resigned and returned to hermitage was in the eighth year of Zhenguan (634 AD).

This year, he was forty-three years old.

The son said: Standing at thirty, not confused at forty. It seems that Wang Ji, who has passed the years without confusion, has figured out one thing. After so many years, after two dynasties, he tossed and tossed in officialdom, nothing more than a word of wine. Rather than begging for an official for the sake of wine, it is better to solve the problem of wine from the source.

How to solve the wine problem?

Make your own!

It’s not enough to make wine by himself. He collected the winemaking methods of Jiao Ge's family and all the methods that were good at winemaking after Dukang and Yidi, and compiled a "Liquor Book" and a "Wine Classics."

You can drink alcohol to compile a book, what kind of infatuation is this? What made Wang Ji even more proud was that at this time, his alcohol volume increased dramatically, and he drank five buckets without getting drunk.

Five buckets, about sixty catties. No matter how poor ancient winemaking technology is, it is a rare thing to drink sixty catties of wine without getting drunk.

For this, he triumphantly wrote two articles about wine for himself, one called "Drunken Country" and one called "Mr. Five Fights".

Tao Yuanming wrote the famous "Peach Blossom Spring" and "Mr. Wuliu Biography". Obviously, Wang Ji's two articles imitated Tao Yuanming. Let's appreciate one of them.

Mr. Wudou Biography

Whoever has Mr. Wudou will travel the world with wine and virtue. Anyone who asks for wine will go to both noble and lowly. If you are drunk, you will get drunk. Wake up and drink again. He often drinks five buckets a time, because he thinks it is a name. The husband is absolutely thoughtless, reluctant to speak, and does not know that there is benevolence and justice in the world. Suddenly left, came suddenly. Its movement is heaven, and its silence is also earth. Therefore, everything cannot be haunting. Taste the words: "The world is almost visible. How can one be born? And Ji Kang wrote; what is poor? And Ruan Ji cried. So fainted and silent, the saint's residence is also." .

Is there a sense of deja vu?

If "Tao Hua Yuan Ji" is Tao Yuanming's ideal place, then "Drunk Country" is Wang Ji's comfortTown of. If Wuliu is Tao Yuanming's spiritual residence, then Wudoujiu is Wang Ji's refreshing place.

Only high and low, taking wine for pleasure, advancing and retreating freely, Wang Ji created the immortal legend of poets in the early Tang Dynasty

Throughout his life, Wang Ji was a typical alcoholic poet, if One more title, I would like to call it an angry youth poet.

Wang Ji is angry.

He is talented, famous as a teenager, and the world is shaking. However, as soon as the youth became officialEncountered a Yang Guang famine policy, the world was in chaos, making him desperate. In the early Tang Dynasty, despite the fact that he was under the command of the sect, the future was boundless. However, his arrogance and arrogance are incompatible with officialdom, and he is eager to soar to the sky, dreaming of becoming a Taiwanese assistant. Reality and ideals, character and officialdom, etc. have all fallen into violent conflict.

The only result of conflict is compromise.

The eight-year career under the sect, let him know that it is impossible to succeed by exerting outward force, so he can only choose to exert force inward again to reflect his poems and Dionysus spirit.

Over his life, one third was given to wine, one third to poetry, and one third to books.

In addition to drinking and making poetry, he also compiled fifty volumes of "Sui Shu" as the gateway to the Everbright Landscape Pastoral School. It is a pity that he died before his private edition of Sui Shu was finished.

This year is the eighteenth year of Zhenguan (644 AD), Died at the age of fifty-three.

During his death, Wang Ji, who was lonely, wrote an angry epitaph for himself in advance. In his "self-written epitaph", he summed up his life with a sad and angry tone.

Wang Ji, who has parents but no friends, means nothing for himself.

Wang Ji has drunk countless banquets in his life, noble and bitch, never refuse, but when he exchanges his cups, he is all outsiders. Even the eldest son Guang Zhong, who was a hermit who used to be neighbors in the village, was not recognized as a friend, and Chen Shuda, who later gave him a special offer of Japanese wine, was not in his circle of friends.

His circle of friends is empty.

He ridiculed himself that he was born in the era without any merit, so he called it no merit. However, everyone has his own unique historical mission. Wang Ji’s poems in the early TangThe altar was born out of the sky, re-awakening the vitality of the landscape and pastoral poetry, sweeping all the palace poets who were covered with powder in the poems of the early Tang Dynasty. In that case, this is a huge credit, how could he be useless?

When he said nothing, he can only say it is a kind of self-ridicule, self-denial, and self-sorrow.

If you don’t study, you are self-sufficient, you don’t know your honor or disgrace, you don’t care about your interests, you start with a position of surplus, and you advance to the next level. The emperor doesn't know, but the official doesn't know, forty, fifty, and nothing.

I finally saw Wang Ji's madness and humbleness as a poet. Under the high position, one mad and one humble, reflecting each other, all make people embarrassed. A genius is in his life, forty or fifty years old, and the world is unknown. Isn’t it sad?

However, what does the emperor do not know? What if the secretary doesn't know? What if the world is unknown? The sky is blue, the birds pass without a trace; the earth sinksShen, the grass grows by itself. Between heaven and earth, honor and disgrace, isn't it all the loess in the end?

Jin Yong said that life is a big trouble, and then quietly left. In this connection, Wang Ji did make a big fuss in the poetry world of the early Tang Dynasty, leaving a back image full of magical legends in the poetry of the entire Tang Dynasty!