The Emperor Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty once proposed a major project, which was the construction of the outer city of the capital. This proposal of Jiajing has been opposed by many ministers, but Yan Song, the chief minister of the cabinet, strongly supported it. What made Yan Song resolutely build the outer city? This is also related to an animal. As for what this animal is? If you want to know, let the editor reveal the secret for you.
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AD In 1542 (Jiajing 21st year), Mao Bowen and other ministers of the Office of the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China submitted a letter to the Emperor Jiajing and proposed: "In ancient times, there must be a city with a Guo, and a city with a guardian, Guo with a guard...". This means that from ancient times to the present, there must be inner cities as well as outer cities. The inner layer is used to defend the monarch, while the outer city is used to protect the people. The Emperor Jiajing immediately agreed and prepared to order the construction of the outer city.
After hearing this, many ministers came to the table and persuaded the Jiajing Emperor not to build the outer city, and gave many reasons. Including "(outer city) should be built when nothing happens, not when there is trouble", "Wealth is limited by the people, the work is heavy, and it is not easy to die for a while." These memorials were reviewed by the Emperor Jiajing ,He began to waver.
The chief minister of the cabinet, Yan Song, saw that the Emperor Jiajing was so embarrassed, so he went It is proposed to insist on building the outer city to ensure the stability of the people's livelihood in Beijing. Yan Song's move was greatly reprimanded by his colleagues, who believed that the reason why he would support the maintenance of the outer city was actually just to take the opportunity to get some oil and water. Some people even think that this is Yan Song who wants to take the opportunity to flatter the leader and let JiaEmperor Jing Longyan rejoiced to make a fortune in an attempt to get promoted.
In fact, everyone is really wrong to blame Yan Song, the reason why Yan Song persists so much is only related to an animal!
During the Ming Dynasty, in the southwest corner of Beijing’s inner city, once There is a famous place, this place is called "The Elephant House". There are many elephants in the elephant room, all of them were donated by the Burmese country, and they have beenThe emperor was raised as a rare treasure.
As the chief minister of the cabinet, Yan Song often has to discuss politics at night, so "night shift" is inevitable. On this day, Yan Song sat in the duty room as usual, but occasionally heard a lot of movement outside. Because he is old, he doesn't care too much. After all, the palace is heavily guarded, how could there be criminals?
But when he listened, there was something wrong with it. The sound from outside the door became louder and louder, and it didn't even resemble the movement made by people. Under curiosity, Yan Song hurriedly opened the door to check, but he was scared to death! The elephant in the elephant room actually ran out!
Yan Song was old and weak, the young people ran away, he could only close his eyes and lay on the ground to play dead, hoping that the elephant would not find himself. The elephant was not interested in him, this bad old man, so he left slowly. Yan Song was in a cold sweat with fright. Fortunately, he thought of a question. The reason why the elephant could meet him was only because Beijing was too small. This is why Yan Song insists on building the outer city, because he doesn't want to see that terrifying behemoth anymore!
At this time, a question arises. What are the benefits of building an outer city? What is the purpose of building an outer city in ancient times?
In fact, this question is very simple. When building a city, there has always been a distinction between "city" and "Guo". "City" refers to the inner city, while "Guo" refers to the outer city. Generally speaking, the "inner city" is used for emperors or bureaucrats. Residents are also the central area of a city. Most people living in the "Outer City" are ordinary people, and there are many public places in the "Outer City".
In "Mulan Ci", it was mentioned that "the grandfather and mother heard the daughter come and go out to support the general". "Guo" here describes the outer city in the Northern Wei Dynasty. At the same time, this sentence also expresses Hua Mulan. The feelings of my parents' longing for their daughter. The outer city has a great effect. It not only planned a limited area for the people and restricted the outflow of population, but also served as a protective line for the inner city during the war. Therefore, the construction of the outer city has always been the building habit of the ancients.
Since he has received great support, the Emperor Jiajing ordered the Ministry of Industry to start the construction of the outer city. With the work of the craftsmen day and night, the outer city of Beijing Finally, the construction was completed, and a brand-new outer city wall rose from the ground to guard the most magnificent palace in the capital of the Ming Empire.
But no one would have thought that after only 100 years, Li Zicheng’s army besieged Beijing. The emperor Chongzhen was in despair in the city. Seeing that the fortified outer city was severely breached, he could only hang his head and hang himself to kill his life. At the same time, he wrote a volume of Daming Tragedy.
From a comprehensive point of view, we can also know that no matter what mentality the ministers used to build the city, the fate of the dynasty is not determined by the strength of the city. The blind pursuit of superficial strength often ignores the power of the human heart.
The demise of the Ming Dynasty depended on the disintegration of the monarchs and officials. The people's disappointment with the Ming Dynasty also verified the saying that "the real danger does not come from outside, but from inside."