Speaking of Napoleon, many readers will certainly pay tribute to him, the greatest military strategist in the world in the 19th century and the founder of the First French Republic.
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In the field of history, there are many unsolved mysteries surrounding Napoleon, causing numerous experts and scholars to argue. For example, what was the state of Napoleon's life before his death? If you also want to know the answer to the question, let me tell you from the beginning:
In September 2015, to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the establishment of a sister city between Dalian and Le Havre, France,The Le Havre Museum of Art and History and the Dalian Museum of Liaoning jointly organized a cultural relics exhibition about Napoleon in Dalian, namely, Brilliance and Fall-the Napoleon Bonaparte Cultural Relics Exhibition in the Museum of Le Havre, France.
In the two-month exhibition, more than 80 cultural relics were exhibited, including The letters from Napoleon’s birth, daily necessities and some oil paintings, such as the mostThe familiar oil painting "Napoleon Across the St. Bernard Pass in the Alps" is also featured in this exhibition.
Being at the exhibition site makes the image of Napoleon in people's memory suddenly become three-dimensional, as if he was still galloping on the battlefield yesterday. Among the many precious cultural relics, the most attractive is the mask of Napoleon.
According to the museumAccording to experts in the museum, Napoleon’s mask is the true face of Napoleon. It can be seen that his face is square, with prominent cheekbones, a wide forehead and high brow bones, and his eye sockets are also very deep. If you look closely, you will find that the remains of the mask and the painting on Napoleon look slightly different. Obviously no painting looks handsome and mighty. Therefore, many viewers ridiculed that the painter at that time gave Napoleon a "beauty".
From the information card of the remains of the mask, it can be seen that after Napoleon’s death on May 5, 1821, his personal doctor Francisco Antomaci put a plaster on Napoleon’s face. , And the model that was created is exactly one-to-one in size, 100% real, without any adulteration.
According to research by Western historians, Francisco Antomach’s creation of this mask was entirely out of the worship of Napoleon. After all, Napoleon used his life to bring light and hope to the French people. As British Prime Minister Churchill said, "No one in the world is greater than Napoleon."
However, the defeat of Waterloo in June 1815 caused Napoleon at the peak to fall to the bottom, and he abdicated in the same year. , Was exiled to the remote Atlantic island of St. Helena. Since then, Napoleon’s life trajectory has been completely changedIt was not until he died on the island 5 years later that the great Napoleonic era came to an end.
It can be seen from the remains of the mask that Napoleon was so haggard at the time. I fell down from the altar and asked who could stand this huge contrast. Therefore, behind Napoleon’s mask, there is more of an unspeakable misery and loneliness. After all, he was still in exile at the time.An island thousands of miles away from his hometown, one can imagine how painful and unbearable he was in the last five years of his life.
In Western history, many experts say that Napoleon was very leisurely when he was alive, because the romantic French can not do without wine, and Napoleon at that time had a lot of wine on the isolated island, so he said that his life was comfortable . I really feel ridiculous when I see such a conclusion, don't they know that they can use wine to pour their sorrows? It is not so much that Napoleon died of arsenic poison, as it was tortured to death by loneliness.
Cultural relics are a condensed history, and it is the truest embodiment of history. Through different cultural relics, We can discover different unknown worlds, so as to explore the truth of history. The mask of Napoleon mentioned today is a good example. In fact, other unsolved mysteries about Napoleon can be left in their lifetime. Find the answer in cultural relics.
Wen Xiucai, editor-in-chief of Wenlan Hairun Studio, this article is written by: Special historical writer: Liu Lijiang’s