From the map, we can clearly see that although Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province, it is only adjacent to Yangzhou, Zhenjiang and Changzhou in Jiangsu Province in the east. But the north, west and south are surrounded by the three cities of Chuzhou, Ma'anshan and Xuancheng in Anhui.
Map-Map of Anhui Province, if assigned to Nanjing There is no sense of violation in Anhui
From the map, if we put Nanjing in Anhui Province, it is very harmonious and there is no sense of violation. Therefore, some people in Anhui and even Jiangsu people nickname Nanjing Huijing. What is going on here? We have to start with the history of Nanjing.
Picture-Location map of Nanjing
Early in the Three Kingdoms period, Dongwu Sun Quan named the emperor and established the capital in Nanjing. Later, the Eastern Jin Dynasty Song Qiliang and Chen of the Southern Dynasty also set the capital here. In the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang once again regarded Nanjing as the capital, and Nanzhili, which was established with the center as the center, governed large tracts of land such as Jiangsu (including Shanghai) and Anhui.
The Qing Dynasty replaced the Ming Dynasty and later established the capital as Beijing, and changed the Nanzhili area established by the Ming Dynasty to Jiangnan Province. Although Nanjing's status as the capital of the previous dynasty has declined, it is still a large area as the governing office of Jiangnan Province. Center.
Map-Topographic Map of Jiangsu Province
The Qing Dynasty implemented the governor system. In addition to the governors, there were eight governors with greater power. The governor is in charge of civil affairs, and the governor is in charge of the military. The governor controls one province, while the governor can manage several provinces. The governor of Liangjiang is second only to the governor of Zhili, governing Jiangxi and Jiangnan provinces, and the location of the governor’s office is Nanjing. Famous Qing dynasty officials like Lin Zexu, Zeng Guofan, Zuo Zongtang, and Li Hongzhang all served as governors of Liangjiang.
Map-Topographical Political District Map of Jiangsu Province
The economy and culture of Jiangnan Province are very strong. It is one of the main sources of fiscal revenue in the Qing Dynasty and the main talent base. In order to prevent Jiangnan Province from sitting big,The Qing government divided Jiangnan Province into two into Anhui Province and Jiangsu Province. Anhui Province is named after Anqing Mansion and Huizhou Mansion, and Jiangsu Province is named after Jiangning Mansion (Nanjing) and Suzhou Mansion.
But there is a strange phenomenon. Jiangsu and Anhui have separated. Jiangsu Governor's Mansion is located in Suzhou, while Anhui Governor's Mansion is still located in Nanjing. In other words, although Nanjing is not affiliated to Anhui, it has the highest official institutions in Anhui-the Governor's Office and the Governor's Office. This situation continued until the Qianlong period, when the governor's mansion of Anhui moved to Anqing, and the governor's mansion of Jiangsu moved back to Nanjing, but the governor's mansion of Liangjiang was still in Nanjing.
Picture-Anhui Province in the Qing Dynasty, originally Anhui Governor’s In Jiangning Mansion (Nanjing)
Because Nanjing has long been the political and cultural center of Anhui, Anhui, especially the Tudong area, has been greatly influenced by Nanjing. The influence of ancient politics, military, and culture far exceeds the role of economy. Therefore, some people in Anhui joked that Nanjing is an inseparable part of Anhui. Although it is a bit humorous, it is enough to illustrate Nanjing's influence on Anhui. Later, during the Republic of China, the capital was again in Nanjing, which further deepened Nanjing's radiation and influence on the surrounding area.
Although Nanjing had a great influence on Anhui, after the liberation, especially after the reform and opening up, the rapid economic development of Suzhou, Wuxi, and Changzhou, driven by Shanghai, made Nanjing, which is too westward On the contrary, the influence of Jiangsu Province has declined. Su, Xi, and Chang are dissatisfied with Nanjing as the boss, especially Suzhou, which has developed well in all aspects and has surpassed Nanjing in economic indicators.
Map-Topographic map of Anhui Province and the location of Nanjing
And Xuzhou, which has the advantage of transportation in northern Jiangsu, is away from Nanjing is too far away, and it is closer to Shandong and Henan in terms of culture, language, and living customs, so the identity of Nanjing is not too strong.
Nanjing and the eastern and southern regions of Anhui The distance is relatively close, and there are similarities in language and culture, coupled with the strong economic influence, the centripetal force on some cities in Anhui is relatively large.
Map-Nanjing Humanities Map
In short, due to the influence of many factors such as history, culture and later economic development, Nanjing did not invite the brothers to be seen in Jiangsu Province, but was regarded as a big brother in parts of Anhui. Although Huijing’s statement is just a joking, it reflects the influence of Nanjing on the Anhui region.