Adolf Hitler (German: Adolf Hitler) is a genius and a demon. A few days ago, April 20 was his birthday, which was also the last day of Aries in the zodiac.
On April 20, 1889, Hitler was born at the time In a small inn called Pomez in Braunau, Austria-Hungary. He was the third child born in the third marriage of a customs officer in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. No one thought that this ordinary boy would become the head of a country after 44 years and would have an earth-shaking influence on the whole world.
Interestingly, the head of state is not Hitler’s mostEarly ideal. He originally wanted to be a painter, full of literary and artistic style, which may be related to the last day he was born in Aries. However, what fate makes is that Hitler finally embarked on the path of no return of the great dictator.
01 want to be Painter, don't want to be a civil servant
In 1895, his father sent Hitler, who was 6 years old, to a public school. His grades in elementary school were consistently good. In 1900, Hitler was sent to Linz to attend middle school. My father always hoped that Hitler would inherit his father's career and be a civil servant.
However, civil servants are the last thing Hitler wants to do. His ideal is to be a painter. He had a dispute with his father and stopped studying hard in school. Therefore, Hitler transferred to Hitler State High School, which is quite far away from Linz, before graduating from Linz High School. He stayed there for a short time and left before graduating.
After the death of his parents, he came to Vienna, the palace of art in his heart alone, doing odd jobs or selling copying paintings, living a wandering life that only had enough food and clothing, and sometimes even lived by the charity of the porridge station. Despite the lack of material, the spiritual food is not left at all. He read a lot of political books and German-related history books, and he developed the idea of becoming a "politician" who changed the destiny of Germany.
It is the difficult life in this period, Shaped Hitler's firm and paranoid character, believing that the world and every part of it should be completely changed. In 1913, Hitler had no fixed occupation before moving to Munich, Germany, and became a fanatic of nationalism and antisemitismus.
02 entered the Nazi Party and gradually showed amazing talent
August 1914, the First World War (Der Erste weltkrieg) broke out, Hitler volunteered to participate in the German Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment. Because of his bravery in the First World War, Hitler was awarded a medal and was briefly blinded by a mustard attack. While he was recovering from his injuries, Germany announced its surrender.
In 1919, Hitler contacted the "German Workers Party" as a special agent, but was invited to become this party by accident.The 96th party member. Later, he used his social and speaking skills to continuously expand the influence of the Workers' Party. In 1920, he changed its name to the "National Socialist German Workers' Party", which was the Nazi Party.
In 1923, Hitler launched the "Beer Hall Riot" and was arrested and imprisoned. He wrote the book "My Struggle" in prison, advocating reactionary racial theory and advocating for the "dominant nation" of Germany. Use force to seize "survival space" and hate communism.
After he was released from prison in 1925, he set about rebuilding the Nazi Party. It coincided that Germany was deeply tortured by war reparations and inflation, and in 1929 a worldwide economic crisis broke out. Pauperization spread to the entire society. PeopleThe collective loses its sense of security, and the tendency to join the "community" becomes clearer.
Hitler called the economic crisis a "government incompetence". It was the result of the government's acceptance of the "Versailles Peace Treaty" and war reparations and the implementation of a "socialist" policy. It was the republic and successive governments that destroyed everything in Germany. He vigorously advocated the theory of government incompetence, denied socialism, promised milk and bread to the lost middle class, and thus had a large number of his own "believers."
3 to create the myth of the Nazi Party and formally go to the altar
September 1930, in this In the first German parliamentary election during the Great Crisis, the Nazi Party won 18.3% of the votes, and the number of seats in the parliament skyrocketed from 12 to 107, making it the second largest party in Germany.
Two years later, Hitler obtained German citizenship and participated inAfter losing the presidential election, he took advantage of the opportunity of the Nazi Party to get the most votes. With the help of big capitalists, landlords and militarists, he was appointed by Hindenburg as Chancellor of Germany in January 1933.
The cabinet established after Hitler came to power is called the "national unity government." At this time Hitler still could not enjoy the power of dictatorship. He was subject to the restrictions of the president's power and the constraints of the cabinet partners in the cabinet. Obviously, such a position as prime minister cannot satisfy Hitler's appetite. Hitler's single-minded goal is to completely abolish parliamentary democracy and establish a fascist dictatorship.
After Hitler holds the executive power, he must obtain legislative power to dictatorship. Therefore, less than two days after Hitler came to power, he decided to dissolve the parliament, re-election, and change the pattern of political power in the parliament. After the authorization law was passed, Hitler issued a decree to abolish the state assemblies and make the state governments fully obey the central government. In this way, Germany isFor the first time in history, it has become a centralized country.
So far, "nationalism" has become the dominant ideology in Germany. Under the leadership of Hitler, radical anti-modernists have put forward the "violence theory of taking space" using social Darwinian thinking. From this, Germany embarked on a "violent modernization", and an anti-democratic and anti-traditional "brown" "radical" counter-revolution appeared. It then developed into a "radical" counter-revolution that threatened all mankind and led to charcoal. The war-the second world war.