The UAE is located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Persian Gulf in the north, and has a coastline of 734 kilometers. It borders Saudi Arabia on the west and south, and Oman on the east and northeast. It is a federation composed of the 7 emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras Al Khaimah, Fujairah, Umm Al Qawan and Ajman country. It is adjacent to Qatar to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west and south, and Oman to the east and northeast. The total area is 8,3600 square kilometers.
Let’s start with the UAE government The UAE Federal Supreme Council is composed of the chiefs of the 7 emirates and is the highest authority. Major domestic and foreign policy issues are discussed and decided by the committee, formulating national policies, reviewing the federal budget, and approving laws and treaties. The president and vice presidents from the Supreme Council The members are elected for a term of 5 years. The president concurrently serves as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. In addition to the relative unity of diplomacy and defense, the emirates have considerable independence and autonomy. Federal funding is basically borne by the two emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The reason for the formation of such a political system, we have to look back at the history of the UAE.
In the 6th century, according to Persian historical records, the Sang Dynasty of the United Arab Emirates crossed the Persian Gulf and conquered the area. In the 7th century, the Arab Empire occupied this area and converted it to Islam. In the 8th century, an uprising against the Caliphate broke out in Oman, and an independent regime was established, and the UAE region is now part of it. Oman has repeated civil strife, and local leaders in the UAE have designated themselves as Emir and become an independent regime. At that time, both Arab merchant ships and European merchant ships were repeatedly plundered by small countries in the region, so the place was called the "pirate coast." In the 16th century, Portugal once invaded the area and was expelled by Oman.
In 1819, the British East India Company dispatched a fleet to destroy the coastal fortresses in Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah, Dubai and other places to ensure a smooth route from India to Egypt. In 1820, small countries were forced to sign the "General Peace Treaty of the Persian Gulf" with Britain and agreed to stop piracy. However, the actual looting did not gradually cease until after 1835. In 1853, the small countries finally signed a treaty and declared a permanent truce. After that, the regionIt is called "Trusir Oman" (meaning "peaceful Oman") to distinguish it from Oman, the capital of Muscat. In 1892, the Trusil Oman countries signed a treaty with the United Kingdom, accepting the exclusive protection of the United Kingdom, and will not have independent diplomatic contacts with any country other than the United Kingdom, and belong to the control of the British General Representative in the Persian Gulf.
sayThe UAE has to mention Dubai. Dubai is the most populous city in the UAE, the richest city in the Middle East, and the economic and financial center of the Middle East. It is known as the "trade capital" of the Middle East and North Africa. Dubai is one of the global international financial centers. It has become a bridge between Eastern and Western capital markets. It has also become an important logistics, trade, transportation, tourism and shopping center. With the world’s first seven-star hotel (Burj Al Arab Hotel), the world’s tallest skyscraper (Burj Khalifa), the world’s largest shopping mall, the world’s largest indoor ski resort, etc., with active real estate, events, meetings, etc. Nearly world record features have attracted the attention of the world. The 2020 World Expo will be held here.
The wealth and development of Dubai also reflects the wealth and development of the UAE. The UAE is aIt is not an exaggeration to call them "upstarts" in developing countries.
The United Arab Emirates is rich in oil and natural gas resources. As of 2014, proven oil reserves were 13.34 billion tons, accounting for 9.5% of the world's total oil reserves, ranking 6th in the world; natural gas reserves were 214.4 trillion cubic feet (6.06 trillion cubic meters), ranking 5th in the world . Relying on the petroleum industry, it became the financial center of the Middle East.
The UAE has a tropical desert climate. The summer is hot and dry (May to October), and the temperature is 40.6～48.2℃; in winter (11～April of the following year) The temperature is 8-20℃, and there are occasional sandstorms. The average precipitation is about 100 mm, mostly concentrated in January to February. Leading to the underdevelopment of agriculture in the UAE. The output value of the UAE's agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry accounts for 3% of the GDP. The country has 320,000 hectares of arable land and 270,000 hectares of cultivated land. The main agricultural products are dates, corn, vegetables and lemons. Food depends on imports. There are 4,589 fishing boats and 12,856 fishermen in the UAE. Fishery products and dates can meet domestic demand. The livestock industry is very small, and the main meat products depend on imports. The government has adopted a policy of encouraging farming, providing farmers with free seeds, fertilizers and interest-free loans, and underwriting all agricultural products to ensure farmers' income, and Afghan agriculture has developed rapidly. The main materials exported by the UAE are oil, natural gas and pearls, which have been exchanged for food and fresh water for domestic needs from overseas.
The UAE is an Arab country, and the state religion, the United Arab Emirates, is Islam, and most residents He is a Muslim. The UAE has unity of government and religion, and pursues a policy of freedom of belief for people of other religions. Among the Islamic countries in the Middle East, the UAE’s religious policy is the most open.Prayer, in addition to the numerous large and small mosques that can be seen everywhere, there are also Christian and Catholic churches, and even a few Hindu temples and a Buddhist temple (located in the Garhud district), but for the exception of Islam Public preaching by religions other than that is not allowed. Most of the emirates in the UAE believe in Sunni sects, while in Dubai, the proportion of Shia Muslims is slightly larger. Among the approximately 2.2 million people in Dubai, Shia Muslims account for about 35% to 40% of the total population. Shiite Muslims in Sharjah account for about 25% of the total population of Sharjah.
As of October 2014, Arab The UAE has a population of about 8.4 million, of which 88.5% are foreigners, mainly from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Egypt, Syria, Iran, Palestine and other countries.
In accordance with the Quran’s Muslim dietary limits And habits, fasting pigs, horses, mules, donkeys, dogs, snakes, turkeys, dead meat, floating fish and the blood of all animals; fasting tigers, wolves, lions, leopards, bears, elephants, monkeys, eagles, Harriers and other birds of prey; no opium, no alcohol, etc. Generally Arab families eat on the ground and grab food with their right hands.